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Future Directions for NIH Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences Raynard S. Kington, MD, PhD Associate Director for Behavioral and Social Sciences Research National Institutes of Health OBSSR at NIH Office of the Director, NIH OBSSR Other Scientific & Administration Units

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Future Directions for NIH Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Raynard S. Kington, MD, PhD

Associate Director for

Behavioral and Social Sciences Research

National Institutes of Health

obssr at nih
OBSSR at NIH

Office of the Director, NIH

OBSSR

Other Scientific

& Administration

Units

27 Institutes and Centers

Extramural Programs

Intramural Programs

obssr mission
OBSSR Mission
  • Enhance behavioral and social sciences research and training
  • Promote a biobehavioral, interdisciplinary perspective across NIH
  • Improve communication among health scientists and the public
obssr charge to nrc
OBSSR Charge to NRC
  • Develop a research plan to guide NIH in supporting areas of high priority in behavioral and social sciences with focus on:
    • Common interest across ICs
    • Greatest scientific payoff
    • Most important to public health
nrc new horizons ten areas of focus
Predisease pathways

Environment and Gene Expression

Personal Ties

Healthy Communities

Population Health

Positive Health/Health Promotion

Inequalities

Interventions

Methodology and Training

Research Infrastructure

NRC New HorizonsTen Areas of Focus
predisease pathways
Predisease Pathways
  • Early-warning system defined by biomarkers and markers of behavioral and social factors
the environment and gene expression
The Environment and Gene Expression
  • Connect advances in genetics to behavioral and social environmental factors
  • Study the dynamic interactions over the life course that produce positive and negative health outcomes
social factors
Social Factors
  • Personal Ties
  • Healthy Communities
  • Population Health
    • Examine individuals within social systems AND social systems as units of analysis
    • Link to biological processes
positive health
Positive Health
  • Shift focus from illness and disease to wellness, good health, and optimal human functioning
  • Study mechanisms through which behavioral and social factors lead to good health
inequalities
Inequalities
  • Study how SES, racial, and ethnic hierarchies, discrimination, and stigmatization influence health
interventions
Interventions
  • Expand scope and effectiveness of social and behavioral interventions
  • IOM Report Promoting Health: Intervention Strategies from Social and Behavioral Research
methodology and training and infrastructure
Methodology and Training and Infrastructure
  • Measurement techniques and study designs to link information across levels of analysis and across time
  • Longitudinal study populations
  • Train scientists who can integrate health-related knowledge across multiple disciplines
obssr priorities
OBSSR Priorities
  • Collaborate with ICs on cross-cutting initiatives
  • Strategic investments in key steps for advancing behavioral and social sciences
  • Related NAS/IOM reports and NIH Sociocultural Report
slide14

Progress and Promise in Research on

Social and Cultural Dimensions of Health:

A Research Agenda

June 27-28, 2000

obssr next steps
OBSSR Next Steps
  • Collaborate with IC’s on health disparities research
  • Support methods workshops and training with focus on strengthening BSSR methods
  • Study the pathways linking education and health