slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
essgroup PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
essgroup

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

essgroup - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 177 Views
  • Uploaded on

C&D DERIVED BIOMASS ENERGY FACILITIES DEVELOPMENT & OPERATIONAL ISSUES PRESENTED BY: Dammon M. Frecker Vice President, Energy & Industrial Services ESS Group, Inc. Wellesley, MA 781.489.1146 dfrecker@essgroup.com. www.essgroup.com. October 28, 2008. OVERVIEW . Project Concepts

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'essgroup' - paul


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

C&D DERIVED BIOMASS ENERGY FACILITIES

DEVELOPMENT & OPERATIONAL ISSUES

PRESENTED BY:

Dammon M. Frecker

Vice President, Energy & Industrial Services

ESS Group, Inc.

Wellesley, MA

781.489.1146

dfrecker@essgroup.com

www.essgroup.com

October 28, 2008

overview
OVERVIEW
  • Project Concepts
  • Motivators & Incentives
  • Licensing Requirements
  • Project Developments & Operating Concerns
  • Existing & Proposed Projects
project concepts
PROJECT CONCEPTS
  • PROJECT SIZE:
    • Typically 15 – 40 MW
      • Balance revenue, fuel “risk”, technology and impact considerations.
    • 15 – 30 acres
      • Power island, fuel receiving and storage, water treatment, ash handling, administration
  • FUEL REQUIREMENTS
    • 20 MW Plant => ~600 TPD (~200,000 TPY)
    • “Clean”/”unadulterated” wood?
    • Limits on C&D Wood fraction?
project cproject pp project concepts
PROJECT CPROJECT PPPROJECT CONCEPTS

FLUIDIZED BED

COMBUSTOR

http://www.energyproducts.com/fluidized_bed_boilers.htm

project concepts5
PROJECT CONCEPTS
  • IMPACT MITIGATION
    • Enclosed wood storage and conveyors
    • Pollution Control Train
      • SNCR (SCR?) for NOx Control
      • ESP, Fabric Filter (Baghouse) for PM Control
      • Scrubbers (?) for acid gas control
      • Carbon Injection (?) for metals control
    • Enclosed ash handling
    • Enclosed wood grinding
    • Dry Cooling?
    • Zero Liquid Discharge?
    • Rail Access?
    • LOCATION, LOCATION, LOCATION
motivators incentives
MOTIVATORS & INCENTIVES
  • MassDEP Waste Ban
    • Increased wood supply?
  • Renewable Energy Requirements
    • Programs in place in MA, CT and NY
    • Provide added revenue stream
  • Lower Cost Fuel Supply
    • Increasing costs of oil and gas
    • Opportunity for C&D wood tipping fee?
motivators incentives7
MOTIVATORS & INCENTIVES
  • Climate Change/Greenhouse Gas Initiatives
    • Biomass combustion considered “carbon neutral”
    • Opportunity for offsets?
  • Production Tax Credits
    • Open-Loop Biomass approved ($0.015/kW-hr)
motivators incentives8
MOTIVATORS & INCENTIVES
  • Fuel Diversity
    • Increased reliance on natural gas
    • Concerns with gas supply and oil costs
  • Energy Demand
    • ISO-NE forecasted potential shortfalls in ’07 and beyond
    • Motivate financial markets
    • Ability to feed load pockets?
licensing requirements
LICENSING REQUIREMENTS
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (e.g. MEPA)
    • Potential triggers:
      • Energy facility > 25 MW (ENF, EIR if required by Secretary)
      • Major Source of Air Emissions (ENF, EIR if required by Secretary)
      • Solid waste processing, combustion, etc. > 150 TPD (ENF & EIR)
      • Land Alteration> 25 acres
      • Rare species, hist/arch, ACEC – things to watch out for
    • Other agencies cannot issue permits until MEPA is complete
    • May take 6-12 months depending on Sectary’s requirements and availability of information.
  • Solid Waste Site Assignment/Permitting
    • Not required if:
      • No processing
      • Valid air permit
      • BUD
licensing requirements10
LICENSING REQUIREMENTS
  • Air Permitting
    • Major CPA & Nonattainment Review (MassDEP)
    • PSD Review (EPA in MA and NY)
    • BACT, LAER, Emissions Offsets
    • Up to 190 day application review period
    • Air Toxics Impacts
    • Boiler MACT
  • Local Land Use & Zoning
    • Stacks (height, visual impacts, visible plumes)
    • Odors?
    • Traffic (30-40 trucks per day @ 20 MW + employees, other)
  • Water Supply & Discharge
    • 500-800K GPD Consumption (wet cooling)
other environmental concerns
OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
  • Is it “Incineration”?
    • Moratorium
    • New Source Performance Standards (Sub CCCC - CISWI)
  • Is it Solid Waste?
    • Mass – probably no, other states – probably yes
  • Is it Hazardous Waste?
  • Qualified Renewable or Legislated Illegal?
  • Is the wood “clean” (enough)?
development concerns
DEVELOPMENT CONCERNS
  • Securing Land
  • Time for Permitting
  • Purchase Power Agreements
  • Long Term REC Agreements
    • Supply and price uncertainty
    • Regulatory uncertainty
  • Securing the fuel supply
  • Financing! ($40-80 MM)
operational concerns
OPERATIONAL CONCERNS
  • Maintaining Fuel Quality
    • Boiler fouling
    • Emissions
    • Ash Quality
  • Dispatch Order
    • Frequency of startup and shutdown
  • Wood pile management
existing facilities
EXISTING FACILITIES
  • BioEnergy, Hopkinton, NH
    • 12.5 MW plant
    • Granted permit for C&D in 1984
    • Significant local opposition, but demonstrated compliance
    • No Advisory Ruling or SOQ
  • Boralex, Stratton Energy Energy, ME
    • 45 MW plant
    • Re-tooling Advisory Ruling June, 2004
    • 25% C&D
  • Greenville Steam Company, ME
    • Re-tooling (BFB) with Advisory Ruling & SOQ
proposed facilities
PROPOSED FACILITIES
  • GenPower – Hinsdale, NH & Uxbridge, MA
    • Two different Advisory Rulings
    • Emissions not specified
    • Projects announced with some opposition
  • Russel Biomass, Massachusetts
    • 50 MW BFB
    • “Clean wood waste e.g. construction & demolition wood waste”
    • Emissions not specified
  • EcoPower, Massachusetts
    • 20 MW plant
    • Advisory Ruling including emissions