adlerian play therapy kottman chapters 1 3 l.
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Adlerian Play Therapy Kottman Chapters 1-3. Adlerian Principles. People Are Socially Embedded Family Neighborhood School. Psychological Boxes. Smart Lazy Good Bad Phobic . Social Interest. Sense of Connectedness Sense of Belonging Sense of Friendliness

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adlerian principles
Adlerian Principles
  • People Are Socially Embedded
    • Family
    • Neighborhood
    • School
psychological boxes
Psychological Boxes
  • Smart
  • Lazy
  • Good
  • Bad
  • Phobic
social interest
Social Interest
  • Sense of Connectedness
  • Sense of Belonging
  • Sense of Friendliness
  • Primary Responsiblity of Counselor to Work with Parent to Foster Social Interest
people are goal directed
People Are Goal Directed
  • Behavior is Purposeful
  • Understanding Goals is Key
  • Behavior Tells Us What the Goals Are
  • Four Basic Goals of Discouraged Children
four mistaken goals of discouraged children
Four mistaken goals of discouraged children
  • Attention
  • Power
  • revenge
  • display of inadequacy
determining the child s goal
Determining the Child’s Goal
  • Child’s Behavior
  • People’s Reaction to Child’s Behavior
  • Child’s Reaction to Correction
goals of positive behavior
Goals of Positive Behavior
  • Attention, Involvement, Contribution
  • Autonomy and Self-Responsibility
  • Justice and Fairness
  • Avoiding Conflict and Acceptance of Other Peoples Opinion
the ultimate goal of therapy
The Ultimate Goal of Therapy
  • Move from Goals of Misbehavior to Goals of Positive Behavior
people view life subjectively
People view Life Subjectively
  • Children sometimes make erroneous conclusions/interpretations
  • Sometimes these faulty conclusions are incorporated into their lifestyle--Basic convictions about themselves, others, and the world
  • Inferiority is the distance between self-perception and self-ideal
  • Two responses to inferiority are:
    • Discouragement
    • Inspiration
  • Encouragement is a key antidote to being overwhelmed by feeling of inferiority
people are creative
People are creative
  • Help client explore:
    • Assets
    • Lifestyle
    • Goals
    • Behaviors
four phases of counseling
Four Phases of Counseling
  • Building the relationship
  • Exploring client’s lifestyle
  • Helping client gain insight into their lifestyle
  • Reeducating about how to reach goals more constructively
play therapy techniques
Play therapy techniques
  • Tracking
  • Restatement of content
  • Reflection of feeling
  • Questioning strategies
  • Active interaction with the child
  • Cleaning room together/limit setting
  • Encouragement
investigating child s lifestyle
Investigating Child’s Lifestyle
  • Observation of child’s play
  • Questioning techniques with child and parents
  • Art therapy
lifestyle investigation
Lifestyle Investigation
  • What are goals of child’s behavior?
  • What is the family constellation?
  • What is the family atmosphere?
  • What are child’s early recollections?
  • Lifestyle information is organized by the counselor and shared with the child and parent(s)
  • Tentative hypotheses, metaphors, and humor are used to help child and parent(s) decide which behaviors, attitudes,thoughts, and feelings they want to change
  • The counselor helps the child and parent(s) move from insight into action, i.e. develop new ways of interacting with others
    • Brainstorming
    • Problems solving
    • Teaching
adlerian play therapy overview
Adlerian Play Therapy Overview
  • 5types of toys and theapuetic uses
    • Family/nurtuting toys----family contellation and atmosphere
    • Scary toys----mistaken beliefs, perceived threats and past traumas
    • Aggressive toys----control and trust issues
    • Expressive toys---feelings, family relationships and their unique creativity
    • Pretend/fantasy toys----relationships and practice new behaviors
family nuturing toys examples
Family/nuturing toys-examples
  • doll house
  • dolls
  • animal families
  • people puppets
  • stuffed animals
  • sand /sandbox
scary toys examples
Scary toys-examples
  • snakes
  • rats
  • dinosaurs
  • alligator
  • shark
aggressive toys examples
Aggressive toys-examples
  • punch bag
  • weapons--dart gun,sword, rubber knives
  • toy soldiers, tanks, cannons
  • plastic shield
  • handcuffs
expressive toys examples
Expressive toys-examples
  • easel and paints
  • crayons and markers
  • play dough or clay
  • finger paints
  • glue, newsprint,scissors
pretend fantasy toys examples
Pretend/fantasy toys-examples
  • masks
  • doctors kit
  • dress up clothes
  • cars, trucks, airplanes, boats
  • puppets and theatre
  • magic wands
  • telephones