The Day of the Dead El Día de los Muertos
¿Dónde se celebra? • Mexico, Guatemala, Ecuador • Central and South America where there is Latino Heritage • Some parts of the US where there is Mexican-American heritage • Ex: California, Texas, New Mexico, etc.
¿Cuándo se celebra? • La fechaoficial: el 2 de noviembre • Usualmente, se celebra del 31 de octubre al 2 de noviembre • En Mexico, se celebra del 28 de octubre al 2 de noviembre
¿Cómo se celebra? • Outdoor markets • Make altars (known as ofrendas) • Celebrate at home and in cemetaries • Eat special foods • Ex: Pan de muertos (bread of the dead) • Decorate ofrendas and graves with marigolds (flower of the dead), favorite foods, drinks, clothing, objects, candles and incense (copal)
¿Porqué se celebra? • To honor family members who have passed away. • To “recognize the cycle of life and death that is human existance” • To “remember, re-live, and enjoy” • Folktales say that the dead spirits will get revenge on the living if they get poor treatment during these days because leaving nothing (or inferior gifts) on the altar causes the spirits to be angry or sad.
En Mexico… • 28/10: Honor people who died violently • Ex: victims of accidents, homicide, or suicide • 29/10: Those who died unbaptized • 31/10: Children who died after being baptized (known as angelitos) • 1/11: Adults not covered in another category
Vocabulario… • Angelitos: “Little Angels” – Souls of children who have died • Alfeniques: Poems and songs written about Day of the Dead • Calaca: Skeleton figures that represent death • Calaveras: Sugar skulls • Cascarones: Decorative egg shells • Cempazuchitl: The flower of the dead • Ceras: Candles • Copal: Incense
MásVocabulario… • Dulces: Sweets • Jose Guadalupe Posada: Illustrator of the drawing ‘La Catrina’ • Máscaras: Masks • Mole: Sauce made from chili peppers • Mariachis: Musicians who play mariachi music • Ofrenda: Offering • PapelPicado: Cut paper • Pan de Muerto: Bread of the Dead • Zarape: Colorful, woven shawl