Warm-up: 10/8/12 TOC: Nutrition Foldable Warm-up: You have a 15 year old client that wants to start training. Calculate your clients Target Heart Rate. Between 133-174 bpm
Foldable Set-Up • Collect four sheets of paper, and place the ½” apart. • Roll up the bottom edges, stopping them ½‘” from the top edges. This makes all tabs the same size. • Crease the paper to hold the tabs in place and staple along the fold. • Label the tabs as shown: • Six Major Nutrients • Carbohydrates • Proteins • Fats • Vitamins • Minerals • Water • Vocabulary
Nutrients • Substances in foods that your body needs in order to grow, have energy, and stay healthy
6 Types of Nutrients Carbohydrates Proteins Fats Vitamins Minerals Water
Carbohydrates Starches and sugars that provide energy Starches: rice, bread, pasta, potatoes, beans, and corn Sugars: milk, fruit, honey All other sugars are not needed for your body!
Proteins Used to repair body cells and tissues Complete proteins: amino acids that are found in animal sources, such as meat, dairy products, and eggs Incomplete proteins: amino acids that are found in plant foods, such as beans, nuts, and grains
Fats Nutrients that supply energy, keep the skin healthy, and promote normal growth Transport certain vitamins through the body and help build cell membranes
More fats… Saturated fats—solid at room temperature butter, fats in meat, poultry, and dairy products NOT GOOD FOR YOU! Unsaturated fats—liquid at room temperature, plant sources, vegetable oils, nuts, olives, and avocados GOOD FOR YOU!
Vitamins Substances that help regulate the body’s functions Your body needs vitamins to produce energy, fight infections, and to help with other tasks Water soluble: dissolve in water and have to be replaced everyday Fat soluble: dissolve in fat
Minerals Nutrients that strengthen bones and teeth Help keep blood healthy Keep the heart and other organs working properly
More minerals… Calcium, Magnesium, Phosphorus—helps and renews your bones Iron—needed for making red blood cells Sodium—salt your body makes You don’t need to add it to your food
Water Helps with digestion, carries nutrients throughout the body, removes wastes from the body, and regulates body temperature Drink 8-10 glasses of water each day, or 3 water bottles from the machine at school!
Fiber The part of grains, fruits, and vegetables that the body cannot break down. It moves wastes out of your system, and may also prevent some diseases. Found in fruits, veggies, whole grain cereals, and brown rice.
Cholesterol A waxy substance used by the body to build cells and make other substances. Fat count should not exceed 30% of daily calories
Link: • How well do you eat? Explain. Later: • Use 3 words we talked about today in a sentence.
Warm-up: 10/9/12 TOC: Finish Foldable and ABC’s of Health. • Warm-up: List the foods you ate yesterday. Do you think that you made healthful choices? If not, what would have been some more healthful choices?
Exercise: ABC’s of Good Health Aim for fitness 60 minutes of exercise each day Build a healthy base eat a variety of healthy foods Choose sensibly good nutrition means: avoiding fats, sugar, salt, and cholesterol
Warm-up: 10/10/12 TOC: Reading Labels. • Warm-up: When you go to the store how do you decide if something is health or not? What do you use to judge the health of the food?
Exercise: • Nutrition Facts Panel: • Tells you how large one serving is and the number of calories and amounts of nutrients in a serving.
Calorie Unit of energy that is burned with physical activity When we talk about calories in foods…we’re talking about the energy producing potential of that food Calories turn into fat if you don’t use them.
How many calories does one serving contain. How many calories come from fat? The amount listed for calories, nutrients, and food substances. What is the total amount of fat in the product? The suggested amount of nutrients and food substance and average person should aim for. The Daily Value of selected vitamins and mineral in one food serving.
Compare and contrast the food labels. Link: Hot Pockets
Later: • Why do you think it is important for the government to make the food industry put food labels on their products?
Warm-up: 10/12/12 TOC: Vocabulary Quiz Day • Warm-up: Review Bingo (Vocab over physical fitness and nutrition)
Exercise: • Quiz Time: You have 15 minutes to complete. Link &Later: • Grade Quiz in Class