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Standards District 1,2,3,7. Grade Level/ Substance Use/Abuse Standards Evaluate the risks of substance use/abuse and addiction. Understand the impacts of binge drinking. Explore recovery resources for addictions.

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Standards district 1 2 3 7
StandardsDistrict 1,2,3,7

Grade Level/ Substance Use/Abuse Standards

  • Evaluate the risks of substance use/abuse and addiction.

  • Understand the impacts of binge drinking.

  • Explore recovery resources for addictions.

  • Evaluate the risks of behavioral addictions (from Safety and Injury/Violence Prevention).


What is a drug

What is a drug?

Does our society have a drug problem?

Video: “Worlds Most Dangerous Drug”



Addiction

Addiction

Drug addiction is a physiological or psychological dependence on a drug.


Steps to addiction
Steps to Addiction

Step 1: First use/ occasional use


Steps to addiction1
Steps to Addiction

Step 1: First use/ occasional use

Step 2: Occasional trouble with drug


Steps to addiction2
Steps to Addiction

Step 1: First use/ occasional use

Step 2: Occasional trouble with drug

Step 3: Regular use of drug


Steps to addiction3
Steps to Addiction

Step 1: First use/ occasional use

Step 2: Occasional trouble with drug

Step 3: Regular use of drug

Step 4: Multiple drug use


Steps to addiction4
Steps to Addiction

Step 1: First use/ occasional use

Step 2: Occasional trouble with drug

Step 3: Regular use of drug

Step 4: Multiple drug use

Step 5: Increasing dependency


Steps to addiction5
Steps to Addiction

Step 1: First use/ occasional use

Step 2: Occasional trouble with drug

Step 3: Regular use of drug

Step 4: Multiple drug use

Step 5: Increasing dependency

Step 6: Total dependency


Spiral to physical addiction
Spiral to physical addiction

Curiosity

Greater dysphoria

Withdrawal

Euphoria

Experimentation with drug

Elevated Doses

Physical Addiction

Elevated drug doses

Elevated drug doses

Withdrawal

Relief from Withdrawal

Euphoria

Tolerance

(addiction)

Dysphoria


Behavioral addictions
Behavioral Addictions

  • Gambling

  • Video Games

  • Shopping

  • Exercise


Five things to know about adolescents brain development and use
FIVE THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT ADOLESCENTS' BRAIN DEVELOPMENT AND USE

  • 1. The brain's "front end," the part above the eyes, exists to slow us down or stop our impulsive behaviors. It considers the risks and benefits of our actions, and it helps us "hit the brakes" when we consider doing things that are too risky.

  • 2. This front part of the brain is still developing connections to the rest of the brain until adulthood, so adolescents' brains lack some of the "wiring" that carries "brake" or "stop" messages to the rest of the brain.

  • 3. Drugs of abuse are often available to adolescents. These drugs feel good, but they can be very harmful. Lacking some of the wiring for the "stop" message, adolescents' brains may not fully weigh the risks of drug use.

  • 4. The two drugs that cause the most death are also the most available drugs: tobacco and alcohol. Late adolescence, before the brain is fully matured, is the peak time for developing dependence on these (and other) drugs.

  • 5. Heavy drug use during times of critical brain development may cause permanent changes in the way the brain works and responds to rewards and consequences. Therefore, it is important to begin to address a developing substance use problem as early as possible.


The brain addiction
The Brain & Addiction USE

  • Media 372

  • I Drive Activity

    Bremseth/ SUA-


What do drugs do to the brain
What do drugs do to the brain? USE

  • Some drugs work in the brain because they have a similar size and shape as natural neurotransmitters. In the brain in the right amount or dose, these drugs lock into receptors and start an unnatural chain reaction of electrical charges, causing neurons to release large amounts of their own neurotransmitter.


Standards district 1 2 3 7


What happens if someone keeps using drugs
What Happens if Someone Keeps Using Drugs? neuron releases more neurotransmitter. Other drugs block reabsorption or reuptake and cause unnatural floods of neurotransmitter. [

  • Because natural pleasures in our lives are necessary for survival, the limbic system creates an appetite that drives you to seek those things. [1]


Standards district 1 2 3 7

  • All drugs of abuse, such as nicotine, cocaine, and marijuana, primarily affect the brain's limbic system. Scientists call this the "reward" system. Normally, the limbic system responds to pleasurable experiences by releasing the neurotransmitter dopamine, which creates feelings of pleasure.


Standards district 1 2 3 7

  • But the brain starts changing right away as a result of the unnatural flood of neurotransmitters. Because they sense more than enough dopamine, for example, neurons begin to reduce the number of dopamine receptors. Neurons may also make less dopamine. The result is less dopamine in the brain: This is called down regulation. Because some drugs are toxic, some neurons may also die. [1],[3]


Video addiction
Video: Addiction unnatural flood of neurotransmitters. Because they sense more than enough

  • Define addiction according to the video.


Games contribute to youths drinking themselves to death
Games Contribute to Youths Drinking Themselves to Death unnatural flood of neurotransmitters. Because they sense more than enough

  • July 8, 2008

  • An analysis of federal records shows that 157 college-age individuals drank themselves to death between 1999 and 2005, and a separate analysis of news reports showed that many of the victims were extremely intoxicated, the Associated Press reported July 7.

  • http://www.jointogether.org/news/headlines/inthenews/2008/games-contribute-to-youths.html


Standards district 1 2 3 7

Man, that was so much fun! unnatural flood of neurotransmitters. Because they sense more than enough


How many times does someone have to take a drug to become an addict
How Many Times Does Someone Have To Take a Drug To Become an Addict?

  • No one knows how many times a person can use a drug without changing his or her brain and becoming addicted.

  • A person's genetic makeup probably plays a role


If drug addiction is a disease is there a cure
If Drug Addiction Is a Disease, Is There a Cure? Addict?

  • There is no cure for drug addiction, but it is a treatable disease; drug addicts can recover. Drug addiction therapy is a program of behavior change or modification that slowly retrains the brain.


Types of treatment settings programs
Types of Treatment Settings/ Programs Addict?

  • In-hospital programs

    *4-12 weeks, medical supervision, counseling: individual, group, and family therapy.


Types of treatment settings programs1
Types of Treatment Settings/ Programs Addict?

  • Outpatient care

    *Possible daily care, while patients live at home, individual and group therapy as well as seminars


Types of treatment settings programs2
Types of Treatment Settings/ Programs Addict?

  • Residential care

    *Part to 24-hour care, focus is on education and therapy, more counseling provided than in hospital setting.


Detoxification
Detoxification Addict?

  • is eliminating the drug of use and its effects from the addict.

  • (Often the first phase of treatment)


Relapse
Relapse Addict?

  • is the process in which some addicts go back to their original

  • drug-taking behavior.

  • (Often is a temporary slip)


Check this out
Check this out! Addict?

  • HBO website

    http://www.hbo.com/addiction/

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse

    http://www.drugabuse.gov/


Standards district 1 2 3 7

  • References Addict?

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse. The Brain: Understanding Neurobiology Through the Study of Addiction (http://science-education.nih.gov/Customers.nsf/highschool.htm):NIH Pub. No. 00-4871.

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse. Brain Power! The NIDA Junior Scientists Program (http://www.nida.nih.gov/JSP/JSP.html):NIH Pub. No. 01-4575. Bethesda, MD: NIDA, NIH, DHHS. 2000.

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse. Mind Over Matter: The Brain's Response to Drugs Teacher's Guide (http://teens.drugabuse.gov/mom/tg_intro.asp):NIH Pub. No. 020-3592. Bethesda, MD: NIDA, NIH, DHHS. Printed 1997. Reprinted 1998, 2002. Revised 2000.

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse. NIDA InfoFacts: Drug Addiction Treatment Methods (http://www.drugabuse.gov/infofax/treatmeth.html): Bethesda, MD: NIDA, NIH, DHHS. Retrieved June 2003.