Vocal Music. Newbattle High School Music Department National 5. Unit Aims. In this unit you will learn about voices. You will learn about how and where voices are used You will learn how to identify different voices and different styles of vocal music. Vocal Types.
Vocal Music • Newbattle High School • Music Department • National 5
Unit Aims • In this unit you will learn about voices. • You will learn about how and where voices are used • You will learn how to identify different voices and different styles of vocal music
Vocal Types • There are many different types of voices. For this unit you need to remember the four that you learned at National 4 (Soprano, Alto Tenor, Bass) • You also need to learn about two new voices: Mezzo Soprano and Baritone • You need to be able to identify these as solo voices and voices in a group
Mezzo Soprano • A soprano is a high female voice whereas a mezzo soprano is in between a soprano and an alto • A mezzo soprano does not always sound like an opera singer and is probably one of the more common types of female voices • Can you think of any singers you listen to who are sopranos?
Baritone • A Baritone has a voice that sits between a bass and a tenor • It does not seem too low or too high • Listen to these examples of Baritone voices compared to tenor and bass. How do they compare? Are there similarities or differences? Discuss in your group.
Aria • A solo song sung in an operatic style, in an opera, oratorio or cantata, with orchestral accompaniment. • This has a memorable melody • Listen to an example from an opera by Mozart
Descant • A descant is a line of music sung above a choir • Probably the most famous place you will hear a descant is in Christmas carols, usually in the last verse • Listen to these examples of descant
Melismatic • A Melismatic song is a song where each syllable has more than one note to it:
Syllabic • Syllabic songs are songs where the syllables have one note per syllable • Listen to Ding Dong Merrily on High where the notes in the verse are syllabic and the notes in the chorus are melismatic
Strophic • Most songs are strophic • Strophic is where there is a distinct verse and chorus structure • Listen to these 3 songs and decide in your groups whether they are strophic or not
A Cappella • A Cappella is singing without instrumental accompaniment • Listen to the following short excerpts of A Cappella:
Chorus • A Chorus can be defined as one of three things: • A group of singers with several people to each part. • The music written for these singers. • The refrain between verses of a song.