Removing Wastes Chapter 10 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

pascha
removing wastes chapter 10 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Removing Wastes Chapter 10 PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Removing Wastes Chapter 10

play fullscreen
1 / 7
Download Presentation
Presentation Description
103 Views
Download Presentation

Removing Wastes Chapter 10

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Removing Wastes Chapter 10 Excretion is the removal of substances that once formed part of the body of the organism.

  2. Nature of wastes

  3. Nitrogenous wastes – urine • Produced from metabolic processes • nitrogenous waste products are toxic and may cause damage if allowed to accumulate • formed in liver from the breakdown of excess protein through deamination • type of nitrogenous compound produced related to • availability of water in animals environment • toxicity • energy cost in production

  4. Ammonia • highly toxic • small molecule – can diffuse easily across membranes • very soluble in water • limited to aquatic animals as water is plentiful for dilution Urea • low toxicity, high energy cost • very soluble in water – less soluable • mammals are able to regulate water balance Uric acid • low toxicity, highest energy cost • insoluble in water, precipitates out of solution • birds, land reptiles, insects

  5. The mammalian kidney


  6. The mammalian kidney • The kidneys maintain the body fluid composition at a steady rate. • The functioning unit of the kidney is the nephron. • There are three basic principles of kidney function: • 1. Ultrafiltration - the blood is filtered at high pressure across the glomerulus into the Bowman’s capsule • 2. Selective reabsorption – the useful parts of the filtrate are returned to the blood (~99% of primary filtrate) • 3. Secretion – further substances not required by the body are secreted into the filtrate e.g. ammonium, potassium hydrogen ions • View animation: http://www.biologymad.com/resources/kidney.swf

  7. Alcohol • ADH (anti diuretic hormone which is produced in the pituitary gland) regulates reabsorption of water. • Alcohol decreases ADH production • this causes an increase in dilute urine • this can lead to dehydration