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Opening Task. Identify the events you learned about in the Moderate Phase on the timeline that I provided to you on Handout 2a!!!. Day 58-60 Objectives. Chronicle the events of the Moderate Phase of the French Rev Analyze the PERSIAGM effects of the French Revolution on Europe.

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opening task
OpeningTask
  • Identify the events you learned about in the Moderate Phase on the timeline that I provided to you on Handout 2a!!!
slide2

Day 58-60 Objectives

  • Chronicle the events of the Moderate Phase of the French Rev
  • Analyze the PERSIAGM effects of the French Revolution on Europe
slide3

4 Phases of French Rev

  • Moderate Phase (National/Legislative Assembly) 1789-1791
    • France becomes a Constitutional Monarchy
  • Radical Phase 1792-1794
    • Reign of Terror
  • The Directory 1795-1799
  • Age of Napoleon 1799-1815
slide4
G = Gov action FM = French Mob action

Great Fear starts after Bastille Day (FM)

NA writes Dec Rights of Man in S-1789 (G)

Women’s March on Versailles in S-1789 (FM)

NA takes power from Clergy (G)

June 1791, Louis XVI caught fleeing France (G)

Constitution of 1791 (G)

Legislative Assembly made (EG-NA-LA)

Warbegins when France reacts to Declaration of Pillnitz(G)

Great Fear inside from 1789-1792 gets worse and worse (FM)

Moderate Phase

Storyline (1789-1792)

slide5

Revolution

Story

Begins

  • King has no answers for bankruptcy scare…hmm
  • His next action will open the door to revolution that he won’t be able to close
slide6

Who is summoned to meet?

  • Estates General in 1788
    • Jacques Necker, Nobles and Bourgeois ask for the EG to be called
    • Hasn’t met in 175 years!!!
  • Cahiers are created in early 1789
    • Each estate throughout France makes one to send to the Estates General
    • What is a Cahier?
    • Everyone gets in on this!!!
slide7

Clergy’s Grievances

    • True monarchy kept
      • Upholds law
      • Laws must be made with his consent
    • Estates General should exist too 
      • King has right to call it…
      • at least every 5 years
      • Vote by order/head?
    • No tax w/o consent of nation
    • Every citizen has sacred right to personal liberty and to property…
slide8
Nobility’s Grievances
    • Personal Liberties (person & property)
      • Writ of Habeas Corpus, Trial, Speech and Press (w/except)
    • Taxes = only w/consent
    • One code of laws for all
    • National Education for all
    • Constitution should be made that makes indissolvable EG
      • EG has Leg power…
      • King = ???
    • Military oath should be to king and…
slide9

3rd Estate Grievances

    • No nobility…No Serfdom
    • Rights…Writ of Habeas Corpus
    • Taxes…should be for the good of the country
      • Corvee (peasant chores) & banalite (peasant dues) OUT
      • All should be taxed
      • Taille replaced with land tax!! (salt tax )
    • Justice System be reformed
      • Merit system and positions for all
    • Military Reform
      • Nobles are not exempt from service
      • Joining should be voluntary
    • Old Privileges eliminated
      • Hunting rights extended
slide10

Meanwhile, a certain

log creates the spark

slide11

EG has 3 Estates

  • 1st Estate/Order = 300 Members (some liberal)
  • 2nd Estate/Order = 300 Members (some liberal)
  • 3rd Estate/Order = 600 Members (most are lib)
  • Big Issue is?
    • Vote by
      • Order
      • Head
slide12

3rd Estate is the

Loser & reacts!

  • Break off the EG and become…
    • National Assembly
      • “we are majority”
      • “we represent France”
  • What else does the NA do?
    • Invites other 2 estates to join…do they join?
slide13

What does

the NA want?

  • To make a Constitution
  • What does Louis XVI do? 
    • Tries to lock them out of their meeting hall
  • What does the NA do?
slide15

The NA wants to form a new gov

  • What gives them the right?
  • What don’t they have? What can Louis XVI do to them?
  • Who bails them out? 
slide19

Bastille Day Details

  • When?
    • July 14, 1789
  • What causes it? (2)
    • Rumors of French army coming!!!!!!!!
    • Jacques Necker fired
  • French mob reacts to rumors
    • Goes to Bastille for ammo
    • Mob takes over fort
    • Tons of Bloodshed
slide20

Who took part

In Bastille Day?

  • Sans-Culottes
    • Working poor of 3rd estate
    • Urban
    • Very Radical
    • Large % of population in Paris
    • “Mad as hell and...”
slide21

Bastille

Day

Effects?

  • Think PERSIAGM
    • Royal Power looks weak
      • Louis XVI does NOTHING
    • National Assembly is saved…
      • sword bails out pen
slide22

Great

Fear

  • What happened?
slide24

Emigres

Flee from

France…

  • Who are they?
  • Why did they leave?
  • When they escape to surrounding countries, what do they do?
  • What do they want?
slide25

French Revolution

Ripple Effect is felt

  • What is its impact??
  • How will other European Monarchs feel? How will they react?
    • Close borders
    • Control their “3rd estates”
    • Plot to help Louis XVI
      • Especially Austria…why?
slide26

Moderates

and

Radicals

start to

make

groups

  • Moderates (in charge) make 
    • National Guard
slide27

Radicals

Make…

  • Protest groups
  • Political Clubs…
  • Newspapers
    • Jean Paul Marat’s “The Friend of the People”
      • Will tell Sans-culotte what to do
      • Literary Terrorist
slide28

The Pen &

The Sword

  • What actions did they perform in unison?
slide29

5a. National Assembly

is on the clock!!

  • National Assembly from 1789 to 1791
    • EG-NA-LA-NC
  • Mob revolts push NA to act fast
  • First big action by NA is…
    • August 4 1789 = ____________is abolished
    • Nobles lose tax and legal privileges

Feudalism

slide30

5a = 

  • Completed Late August 1789
  • Modeled after…?
  • Pair Work…
  • Big proclamations?
    • Protect natural rights
    • Equality
    • Any French man can hold office
    • Fairer taxes
    • Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion
  • Problems w/ Dec?
slide31

Louis XVI’s reaction?

  • Not accepting the reforms
  • Plans to retake Paris from NA and Radicals
  • Thinks Palace of Versailles protects him…ha!!!
slide32

5b. Thousands of women

March on Versailles!!!

slide33

Why are

These Sans-

Culottes

Women

so mad? (2)

  • Bread for starving children
  • Marie Antoinette’s blood!! (Louis too)
    • Why?
      • Hated Marie for being a symbol of extravagance
slide34

Why is

Marie

even

the

queen?

slide37

Count

Axel

von

Fersen

slide39

6. Civil Const of the Clergy

  • Details of it?
    • 1st estate loses…
      • Power…how?
  • Reaction to it?
    • RC Church is MAD!!!
  • Why is this a big deal?
slide40

7. Constitution written

September 1791

  • It will last for less than 1 year!!
  • Type of Gov Created…
    • 3 branches
  • National Assembly (NA) is now called…
    • Legislative Assembly (LA)
      • One chamber Leg...
      • King = ???
  • Who could vote?
  • Rights?
slide41

Constitution = Moderate

  • Think Pyramid…who made it?
    • Bourgeois (Lawyers) and Nobles
  • Only taxpaying male citizens vote
  • Few men are eligible for LA
  • Nobles get back land from peasants
slide42
But this 1st Constitution is already threatened before it is done!
    • Louis XVI…
    • External Enemies…
    • LA is splitting

France has gift of Democracy

slide43

c. Louis XVI tries

to flee France!

  • NA does not promise Constitution will keep him as King
  • Marie Antoinette = Secret Agent
  • Flee on June 20, 1791
  • Goal of this journey?
  • Axel von Fersen leads the escape!!!
  • Royal family disguised as servants
  • Halfway through trip, Louis makes von Fersenleave…why?
slide44

King

Louis is

captured

right

before

the

border

in

Varennes

slide46

Why was Louis XVI caught?

  • Stopped close to Belgian (Why Belgium?) border
  • Royalist troops come to HELP HIM
  • Louis chooses not to have armed conflict and waits
  • National Assembly orders him to be returned
slide48

Royal Family image now?

Why should the NA worry?

slide49

8b. Legislative Assembly

(Pen) Is Becoming Split…

Who

Is in

this

group?

Info

about

this

group

slide50

The Jacobin leaders

  • Led by MaximilienRobespierre, George Dantonand journalist Jean-Paul Marat
slide51

9. Declaration of

Pilnitz and War

  • Made Late August 1791
  • Made by…
    • Austrian Emperor Leopold II
    • Prussian King Frederick William II
slide52

Dec of Pilnitz Cont…

  • What did it say? What did it NOT say?
  • Overzealous Legislative Assembly reacts
    • France declares war on Austria in April 1792
    • Then Prussia
    • Then GB