VERBTENSES Department of Mechanical Engineering Faculty of Engineering University of Riau 2010
REVIEW : • NOUN • ADVERB • ADJECTIVES • PREPOSITIONS • VERB • ARTICLES
What is Tense? • When we are talking about the English language, tense is all about time. • Tense is used to show the relation between the action or state described by the verband the time, which is reflected in the form of the verb.
NOW FUTURE PAST We deliver the goods now We delivered the goods last month We shall deliver the goods next month
Use 1 USE 1: Repeated Actions Use the PresentSimple to express the idea that an action is repeated or usual. The action can be a habit, a hobby, a daily event, a scheduled event or something that often happens. It can also be something a person often forgets or usually does not do.
I go to school everyday(habit); He usually eats an egg for breakfast (habbit); He drinks tea at breakfast They watch television regularly .
Adverb of Frequency/Time: • Sometimes • Often • Everyday • Seldom • Once a week • Usually • Never • Every Morning • Once in a while • Always
USE 2: Facts or Generalizations The Present Simple can also indicate the speaker believes that a fact was true before, is true now, and will be true in the future. It is not important if the speaker is correct about the fact. It is also used to make generalizations about people or things. examples:Snow falls in the December in Minnesota.Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius
USE 3: to give instructions or directions You walk for two hundred metres, then you turn left. You take the No.6 bus to Watney and then the No.10 to Bedford. Openthe packet and pour the contents into hot water.
USE 4:to express fixed arrangements, present or future: -Your exam starts at 09:00. -The bell rings at 8:00. The bus arrives at 7:00
USE 5: to express future time, after some conjunctions: after, when, before, as soon as, until: -He'llgive it to you when you come next Saturday -Our holiday startson the 26th March. -She'll see you before sheleaves.
Pattern: • Kalimat Verbal: I/We/You/They + Infinitive He/She/It + Infinitive +s/es • Kalimat Non Verbal Subject + to be (is/am/are) + Object
Pattern (+) S + V1 (-s/-ss) e.g. She works every day I take a bus to go to school (-) S + do/does + not + V1 e.g.She does not work every day I do not take a bus to go to school (?) Do/Does + S + V1 ? e.g. Does she work every day? Do I take a bus to go to school?
Subject + (Verb)+(s, es) + Object play • - I tennis. • -She play tennis. • Thetrain every morning at 8 am.-The train leave at 9am. • She goes to work everyday • They always eat lunch together does not leaves does not
Grammatical View Present Simple, third person singular Note: he, she, it s A: in the third person singular the verb, always ends in: s s she need he want
es B. Add to verbs ending in: ss sh x es es es he fix it push he pass o ch es es she catch He go
y y ies C: Verbs ending in ;the third person changes the to fly fl cry cr ies ies Exception: y If there is a vowel before the : s play play s pray pray
Negative and questionforms useDOES(=the third person of theauxiliary'DO') + the infinitive of the verb.He wants. Doeshe want? Hedoes notwant.
Examples: 1.Third person singular with s or esa.He goes to school every morning.b.She understands English.c. It mixes the sand and the water.d. He triesvery hard.e. She enjoys playing the piano.
Affirmative Interrogative Negative I think ? Do I think . I do not think You think ? Do you think . You don't think he, she, it think(s) ? Does he, she, it think . He, she, it doesn't think We think ? Do we think . We don't think You think ? Do you think . You don't think 2. Present Simple, form: Example: to think, present simple
They go to school every morning They do not go to school every morning Do they go to school every morning How do they go to schol every morning? Do not they go to school every morning? Why do not they go to school every morning? He goes to school every morning He does not go to school every morning Does he go to school every morning How does he go to school every morning? Does not he go to school every morning? Why does not he go to school every morning? He is lazy Budi and Andi are not lazy Is not he lazy? Are they lazy?
Customs- True/False _____ People in Thailand always takestheir shoes off before entering a house. _____ A woman usually covers her face in Saudi Arabia. _____ In the U.S., a student don’t stand up when a teacher enters the room.
Put verbs into Present Simple. 1. They ………[swim] every evening. 2. Nancy ………[fly] to London every year. 3. The sun …………[rise] in the east and ………. [set] in the west. 4. I ……..[go] to the park on Sundays. 5. They ………[be] good police. 6. There ……[be] some water in this jug.
Put verbs into Present Simple. 7. My parents always……[drive] to Pekanbaru. 8. Their father often ……..[fix] his car. 9. Mother …….[fry] fish today. 10. Sue and I …….[do] projects every night. 11. I …….[be] a good student. 12. That baby always …..[cry] at night.
The Present Progressive This tense is used to describe an action that is occurring right now (at this moment, today, this year, etc.). The action has begun and is still in progress. She is typing a paper for her class. He can’t talk. He is fixing the sink right now. They are studying English now
The Present Progressive The present progressive can also be used to describe an action that is occurring in the present, but is temporary. John is living in Modesto, but he might move soon. She is reading now but she will write soon
Pattern: Subject + to be (is/am/are) + Present Participle (Ing-Form) Time Markers : • Now • At the moment • At present • This time
They are studying english now They are not studying english now Are they studying english now? Where are they studying english now? Are not they studying english now? (+)Ali and Andy are playing badminton now (-)Ali and Andy are not playing badminton now (?)Are Ali and Andy playing badminton now? Note: We may note use these verb to indicate present continuous tense: • Know • Understand • Have • Believe • Hate • Need • Hear • Love • Appear • See • Wish • Sound • Own • Like • Seem • Smell • Want • Taste The wrong usage: X : we are understanding now X: They are having a car now X: I am liking you now
Note: We may note use these verb to indicate present continuous tense: • Verbs of emotion ; like, dislike, refuse, want • Verbs of senses ; feel, hear, see, smell • Verbs of thought or opinion ; believe, expect, forget, know, prefer, realize, think • Verbs of posession ; own, belong, owe
The Present Perfect The present perfect is used to talk about an event that began in the past and continues up to the present. He has lived in Pekanbaru for two years. (He began living in Pekanbaru two years ago and he still lives there.)
The Present Perfect The present perfect is also used to talk about an event that was completed in the past, but the specific time of the event is not important. I have seen that movie before. He has already visited Vietnam. (Specific dates and times are not mentioned.)
What do you need the Present Perfect for ? • to tell what you have done recently/ lately. • to tell what you have just or already done. • to tell what you have never/ ever done. • to tell what you have done so far/ up to now. • to tell what you have done today/ this week/ this month/ this year.
Pattern: Kalimat Nominal Subject + has/have + been + complement ex; He has been in Surabaya before He has not been in Surabaya before Has he been in Surabaya before? Kalimat Verbal Subject + has/have + V3 + Object/Complement
Time marker: - Since ..... : since last week, since 1912 - For ...........: for three months, for two days - Already , Just, not yet, three times, so far - Up to present time - Recently
Peter ........never watched „Si Bolang”. A) had B) have C) has D) none of these Peter ........ has never watched„Si Bolang”. Congratulations! Choose the correct answer.
Lidka hasn’t ........to Majorka yet. A) had B) seen C) drove D) none of these None of these Lidka hasn’t been to Majorka . Precisely! How about this?
....you ever smoked? A) has B) do C) have D) none of these Have you ever smoked? Good! Try the next question.
She hasn’t ..........the dinner already. A) cooks B) cooked C) make D) none of these She hasn’t cooked the dinner already Very well! Choose the correct answer again.
He hasn’t ........ a shower today. A) take B) took C) taked D) none of these None of these He hasn’t taken a shower today. Well done! Can you do this one ?
...........Joan ever...........a shark? A) has J. eat B) does J. eaten C) has J. eaten D) none of these Has Joan ever eaten a shark? Not bad! Keep on trying Try this one !
..........you ever ......... your head ? A) have..........lost B) do............lose C) did...........lose D) none of these Have you ever lost your head ? Right again! Choose the correct answer.