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What to achieve and how to link with regional and national components? Thai Perspectives Introductory Presentation for the Discussion on Ensuring the Sustainability of the SWITCH-Asia Policy Support Component Yogyakarta, 7-8 November 2011. Good Basis.

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slide1
What to achieve and how to link with

regional and national components?

Thai Perspectives

Introductory Presentation for the Discussion on

Ensuring the Sustainability of the SWITCH-Asia Policy Support Component

Yogyakarta, 7-8 November 2011

slide2

Good Basis

  • Since the 1990’s CT was introduced, later covering other SCP aspects
  • SCP incorporated in to the 9thand 10thNational Economic and Social Development Plans (NESDP, 2001-2011)
  • SCP gain even more importance in upcoming 11th Plan (2012-2016)
  • Other existing concepts are e.g. “Sufficiency Economy” (Thai Initiative), “Green Economy” and later Climate Change mainstreaming efforts
  • Excellent foundation for incorporating sustainability in all levels of legislation, planning and administration in Thailand
slide3

Good Framework

  • 11th NESDP 2012 – 2016
  • National Environmental Quality Promotion Strategy2012-2016
  • Thai SC Strategy
  • Thai SP Strategy
  • e.g.
  • National Environmental Quality Act, 1992
  • Factory Act, 1992
  • Draft Environmental Tax Act
  • e.g.
  • Green Public Procurement
  • Thai Green label
slide4

11th NESDP 2012-2016

SCP-related strategies out-lined in the next NESDP

Conserve, restore and secure natural resource and environment bases

Shift of the development paradigm and consumption behaviors towards the environmentally friendly society

Improving ecological efficiency of the production and service sectors towards the environmentally friendly society

Reinforce urban environment and infrastructure management

Enhance adaptive capacity to achieve climate-resilient society

Enhance good governance in natural resource management

slide5

Institutional Landscape

Policy Development & Implementation

Office of National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB)

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE)

Ministry of Industry

(MoIn)

Ministry of Finance (MoF)

Ministry of Energy (MoEn)

Thailand Greenhouse Gas Management Organization (TGO)

Ministry of Commerce (MoC)

Min. of Agriculture and Cooperative (MoAC)

Ministry of Education

M. of…

Thai Chamber of Commerce

The Federation of Thai Industries

(FTI)

Thailand Business Council for Sustainable Development (TBCSD)

Private Sector

Consumers &

Civil Societies

Consumer Protection Association

Environmental NGOs

slide6

Major Gaps and Weaknesses

  • Lack of capacities to develop and implement effective and widely accepted SCP policy instruments
  • Lack of monitoring and evaluation system to back-up effective policy strategies and supports
  • Lack of coordination and common direction of several line ministries/stakeholders
  • Lack of economic and financial incentives/tools/mechanisms for producers & consumers to improve SCP
  • Focus are more on SP, with limited action on SC (as a market force!)
  • Laws and regulationsneed to be revised/updated and enforcedto facilitate the implementation of SCP-related policies
  • Awareness and R&D
slide7

Awareness policy and

strategy developed

Sector baseline

studies conducted

Focal point strengthened,

action plan prepared

Stakeholders trained in M&E

SCP implementation

plan developed

Capacity strengthened

in GP at all levels

Monitoring conducted

100 enterprises

are supported

Innovative GPP/GBP

Introduced/supported

Recommendations for institutional improvements made

Experiences fed into

policy/regulatory framework

Project Response & Overview

Reduced environmental impact from Thai manufacturing and service sectors and from public and private consumption

  • Thai SCP institutional framework enabled to support increased SCP efforts

Thai SCP management

in place

Green procurement

policy strengthened

SP Principles applied in selected sectors

Increased awareness

and knowledge

M&E System established

SCP educational programme drafted

Awareness / educational programme implemented

Experiences fed into

policy/regulatory framework

Experiences fed into

policy/regulatory framework

Main Thai Partners

Department of Industrial Works (DIW)

Pollution Control Department (PCD)

Duration

3 Years, 10/2011–09/2014

Consultants

GIZ, TEI and CSCP

slide8

Project Main Approaches

  • Main working approaches and orientation for sustainable results
  • Focus on selected policy areas/issues and sectors identified by Thai main partners/stakeholders
  • The project assists to consolidate/mainstream SCP efforts both on national and provincial/local level, and to develop SCP enabling policy measures, e.g. economic and financial tools, where SC and SP policy measures are better linked
  • Strong support of the private sector (producers and consumers) in the policy formulation process, to ensure effectiveness and feasibility
  • Addressing relevant and forward-looking policies (e.g. education)
  • Strengthen capacities of policy and decision makers both in technical and methodological aspects
  • Promote integrated pollution control / environmental management
  • Enhance public participation and multi-stakeholder dialogues
  • Use and promote of adapted technology/know-how transfer
  • Strive for triple-win (economic, environment, social)
slide10

Ideasfor Synergy & Sustainability

Beyond Experience Exchange

  • On National / Local Level: Linkages with other SCP-related policy and
  • implementing projects to jointly improve existing structures, e.g.
  • Legislation/policy enacting: Establish a national/inter-ministerial (e.g. under prime minister office) competence/innovation centre as a “SCP policy umbrella” (e.g. legal entity), with a decentralized structure supporting SCP efforts in specific sectors and industrial areas/clusters…e.g. to serve as kind of national SCP policy clearing house
  • Policy formulation process: Establish new permanent platforms (e.g. for a “unified” national standard and certification system) between public, privatesector, academics and civil society for dialogues and initiating, driving or improving enabling policy measures at national and local/provincial level…e.g. annual national SCP forums
  • Sustainable Financing SCP Policy Support: The above could be established as a public-private-partnership entity to ensure ownership among all parties on the side of consumers and producers
slide11

Ideasfor Synergy & Sustainability

Beyond Experience Exchange

  • On Regional Level: Linkages with other SCP PSC and other regional or of
  • other national grant projects (e.g. via Network Facility) for joint efforts
  • Eco-Label/GP: Harmonize SCP criteria for national eco-labels…with the perspective of a regional eco-label in future (in the light of 2015 regional integration)
  • Eco-Label/SP: Develop a regional standard (and certification/labelling) for eco-industrial park in Southeast Asia…with the perspective of awarding economic/financial incentives to certified parks/estates
  • Regional SCP Body: Establish a regional (inter-governmental) SCP competence centre(SEA or ASEAN or selected) for tackling regional issues, e.g. capacity building on cross-border issues/industrial corridors, regional cooperation projects or environmental crisis, etc.