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The Progressive Movement. What was the name of the 20 th century social and political reform movement, which occurred on every level of government in the United States?. The Progressive Movement. What were three causes of the Progressive Movement?. 1) Excesses of Gilded Age

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What was the name of the 20th century social and political reform movement, which occurred on every level of government in the United States?

  • The Progressive Movement
slide4
1) Excesses of Gilded Age
  • 2) Poor working conditions of American labor (workers)
  • 3) Low standard of living of American labor
what did the progressives believe should solve the problems created by industrialization
What did the Progressives believe should solve the problems created by industrialization?
  • The Government
slide7
Government controlled by the people instead of big business and special interests
  • Economic opportunity for all Americans
  • Eliminate social injustices
what was the gilded age
What was the Gilded Age?
  • A period in the late 1800s characterized by great wealth, corruption, and inequality
who held almost all the great wealth created in america during the gilded age
Who held almost all the great wealth created in America during the Gilded Age?
  • A small upper class of businessmen and industrialists
what is another name of the gilded age
What is another name of the Gilded Age?
  • The Age of the Robber Barons
who were the robber barons
Who were the robber barons?
  • Members of the newly rich upper class who had extravagant lifestyles
what did the extravagant lifestyle of the robber barons point out
What did the extravagant lifestyle of the robber barons point out?
  • The severe difference in income between the small, super rich upper class and the average American family
who were the muckrakers
Who were the Muckrakers?
  • Progressive writers who wrote about social and political evils in late 19th and early 20th century America.
which progressive president was known for offering the american people a square deal
Which Progressive president was known for offering the American people a “Square Deal”?
  • Theodore Roosevelt
slide24
Referendum
  • Initiative
  • Recall
  • Secret ballot
  • Primary elections
by what process may citizens vote to approve or reject a measure passed by a legislative body
By what process may citizens vote to approve or reject a measure passed by a legislative body?
  • Referendum
slide27
By what process may citizens vote to remove government officials from office before they have finished their terms?
  • Recall election
what does one call an election in which voters nominate a political party s candidates for office
What does one call an election in which voters nominate a political party’s candidates for office?
  • Primary election
at what level of government were child labor laws an example of a progressive reform
At what level of government were child labor laws an example of a Progressive reform?
  • State government
what type of reforms were the 17 th and 19 th amendment and the clayton anti trust act
Whattype of reforms were the 17th and 19th Amendment and the Clayton Anti-Trust Act?
  • Progressive reforms on the federal or national level.
what was the 17 th amendment
What was the 17th Amendment?
  • Direct election of United States senators
what did the term trust mean during the late 19th and early 20 th centuries
What did the term “trust” mean during the late 19th and early 20th centuries?
  • A business monopoly
what does the term monopoly mean
What does the term monopoly mean?
  • Absence of competition
what did anti trust laws try to do
What did anti-trust laws try to do?
  • Restore free competition to the American economy
what did the clayton anti trust act do
What did the Clayton Anti-Trust Act do?
  • 1) Outlawed price fixing
  • 2) Exempted unions from the Sherman Anti-Trust Act
slide40
In what two ways did Progressives try to make local governments less corrupt, more efficient, and more responsive to the people?
slide41
Commission form of city government
  • Council/manager form of city government
slide43
Voters elect a city council
  • City council hires a professional manager to serve as the city’s administrator
slide46
During what war did the women’s suffrage movement first encourage American women to enter the labor force?
  • World War I
what were three progressive reforms on the federal or national level of government
What were three Progressive reforms on the federal or national level of government?
  • 17th Amendment
  • 19th Amendment
  • Clayton Anti-Trust Act