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10 th American History Unit III- U.S. Foreign Policy World War II - Today. Nixon-Bush #7. Reading Quiz- Nixon- Bush #7. 1. Who was Manuel Noreiga? 2. What was Operation Just Cause? 3. Why did Iraq seize Kuwait? 4. What was Operation Desert Shield? 5. What was Operation Desert Storm?

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reading quiz nixon bush 7
Reading Quiz- Nixon- Bush #7
  • 1. Who was Manuel Noreiga?
  • 2. What was Operation Just Cause?
  • 3. Why did Iraq seize Kuwait?
  • 4. What was Operation Desert Shield?
  • 5. What was Operation Desert Storm?
  • 6. What happened in Tiananmen Square?
  • 7. What was the “Goddess of Democracy”?
  • 8. Who was General Norman Schwarzkopf?
communism continues in china
Communism Continues in China
  • 1980’s- Government loosens grip on business and eliminates some price controls.
  • Students in China demand freedom of speech and a greater voice in government.
  • Premier Deng Xiaoping cracks down on Tiananmen Square Demonstration- April 1989.
  • A student leader said, “The government has won the battle here today. But they have lost the people’s hearts.”
tiananmen square
Tiananmen Square
  • On May 13, 1989, several students began a hunger strike at Tiananmen Square in the afternoon and formal talks with the government began a day later but they quickly broke down. Among the demands of the students and workers were more democracy, less corruption, and accurate press coverage. Days later, after no conclusion was reached, the government prepared to declare martial law
  • On June 3, 1989, troops received orders to reclaim Tiananmen Square at all costs.
  • Due to a lack of witnesses, the exact number of people killed in this so-called "Tiananmen Square Massacre" is not known. Some say that it was as few as 500 and as many as 3000.
chernobyl
Chernobyl
  • In the early morning hours of 26 April 1986, a testing error caused an explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in northern Ukraine. During a radioactive fire that burned for 10 days, 190 tons of toxic materials were expelled into the atmosphere. The wind blew 70% of the radioactive material into the neighboring country of Belarus. Almost 20 years later, the people of Belarus continue to suffer medically, economically, environmentally and socially from the effects of the disaster. These are the facts: The Accident* The Chernobyl power plant is located on the border area between Ukraine and Belarus.* The explosion of the reactor at Chernobyl released 100 times more radiation than the atom bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. (1)* At the time of the accident, about 7 million people lived in contaminated territories, including 3 million children.* About 5.5 million people - including more than a million children - continue to live in contaminated zones. (2)Thyroid cancer, Leukemia, Childhood diseases, Cancers, Birth Defects, Genetic mutations and Heart disease.
chernobyl6
Chernobyl

3:44 min.

3:17 min.

operation just cause panama
“Operation Just Cause”- Panama
  • 1988- Federal Grand jury indicts Noreiga on drug trafficking charges. (International drug trafficking)
  • Manuel Noriega- commander of police and military forces in Panama, in charge of Panama. Stuffed the ballot box.
  • Dec. 20, 1989- President Bush sent in U.S. forces to topple Noriega.
  • Noriega took refuge in Vatican embassy but finally surrenders.
  • Convicted in Miami and sentenced to 40 years in prison.
  • Many Latin American nations deplored this “Yankee Imperialism”, but many were please to be rid of the dictator.

1:16 min.

operation desert storm iraq
“Operation Desert Storm”- Iraq

Patriot Missile Battery

operation desert storm iraq11
“Operation Desert Storm”- Iraq

In 1979 Saddam Hussein took control of Iraq, killing 21 of his cabinet members.

In 1990 he invaded Kuwait and in less than 4 hours he had taken Kuwait and controlled 24% of the worlds oil supplies. It seemed as if his next target was Saudi Arabia.

United States entered after a call for protection by Saudi Arabia.

The United States set a deadline, January 15, 1991 for all Iraq forces to be out of Kuwait, but Saddam ignored the deadline.

That triggered Desert Shield, or the build-up of troops in the region and eventually led to Desert Storm, a all-out attack to free Kuwait.

3:51 min.

operation desert shield iraq
“Operation Desert Shield”- Iraq
  • Chronology: Important Events- 1990
  • On 25 July US Ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie, tells Hussein that the Iraq/Kuwaiti dispute is an Arab matter, not one that affects the United Stat
  • Hussein invades Kuwait on August 2.
  • President Bush freezes Iraqi and Kuwaiti assets.
  • The United Nations calls on Hussein to withdraw.
  • Economic sanctions are authorized.
  • Iraq annexes Kuwait
  • The UN declares Iraq's annexation invalid
  • Military interdiction authorized by the UN.
  • UN Security Council authorizes force if Iraq doesn’t withdraw from Kuwait by midnight EST Jan. 15.
  • Congress votes to allow for US troops to be used in offensive operations.
operation desert storm iraq13
“Operation Desert Storm”- Iraq
  • Chronology: Important Events- 1991
  • The air war started Jan 17 at 2:38 a.m. (local time) or January 16 at 6:38PM EST due to an 8 hour time difference, with an Apache helicopter attack.
  • US warplanes attack Baghdad, Kuwait and other military targets in Iraq.
  • Iraq launches first SCUD Missile attack.
  • US forces in the Gulf exceed 500,000.
  • Feb 6,President Bush issues an ultimatum of Feb 23 for Iraqi troops to withdraw from Kuwait.
  • Feb 23, 1991 Ground war begins with Marines, Army and Arab forces moving into Iraq and Kuwait.
  • Feb 27, 1991 President Bush orders a cease fire effective at midnight Kuwaiti time.

5:15 min.