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Parkinson’s disease is an ailment that affects millions of people worldwide, wherein there is loss of movement and brain activity. Although it cannot be cured, but it’s progression can be slowed down. Learn more about it here.\nRead more at: https://goo.gl/ezs9bA

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what is parkinson s disease know all about

What Is Parkinson’s Disease Know All

about It Here – Dr. Shivam Mittal

What Is Parkinson’s Disease? Know All About It Here

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic movement disorder, named after Dr. James Parkinson, who

first identified this condition. More than 4 million people across the world suffer from this

disease, which has no permanent cure, but treatments help maintain the quality of life of

the patients.

What happens in Parkinson’s disease?

When a person is infected with Parkinson’s disease, his brain progressively stops

producing dopamine, a neurotransmitter that is produced by brain cells. Dopamine is

responsible for relaying messages to different parts of the body to have smooth

coordinated muscle movements throughout the body. Thus, when Parkinson’s disease

attacks, less dopamine is produced, which makes it difficult for the patient to coordinate

movement of his muscles.

What causes Parkinson’s disease?

Although the specific reason for Parkinson’s disease is unknown, it has been seen that

specific genetic mutation is responsible for it, which is a neurodegenration disease. Also,

there could be clumps of widespread protein known as alpha-synuclein within the neurons

that may be responsible for this ailment. Another reason could be heredity, with the

disease being transferred from an ancestor into the progressing family members. This

ailment is seen to begin in the mid or late age, and is then seen to only increase. And, men

are more prone to this disease than women. However, there are certain Parkinson’s disease

patients who are able to live full productive lives, while there are others who get disabled

more quickly therefore the symptoms and effects

more quickly. Therefore, the symptoms and effects of this disease vary from person to

person.

How can Parkinson’s disease be diagnosed?

There are four basic signals that can alert one of Parkinson’s disease. These include –

Tremor– This is when shaking or shivering is seen in hands or fingers when the body is at

rest. It is generally seen on one side of the body when the person is at rest.

Rigidity– This can be identified when the person is trying to move a joint, but is unable to.

The patient feels pain due to stiffness in the joints.

Slow movement– The patient will over time find it difficult to move, making routine

activities difficult. Steps become shorter, slowly leading to dragging of the feet.

Imbalance –During a later stage of Parkinson’s disease, the patient may experience poor

posture with drooping shoulders and shuffling feet.

Other problems that can be faced as Parkinson’s disease increases include fatigue, sleeping

problems, excessive salivation, depression, change in speech, swallowing problems,

constipation, lack of facial expression, tiredness, bladder problems, smaller handwriting,

decreased sense of smell, visual hallucinations, change in blood pressure, and memory loss.

Stages of Parkinson’s disease

Stage 1– No to mild symptoms of tremor, change in walking, change of posture, or change

in facial expressions are seen, which generally do not interfere with everyday routines.

Stage 2– Tremors now start affecting both sides of the bosy with twitching face expression

and prominent posture problems.

Stage 3– Loss of balance become frequent with cases of falling or slow and weird

movements. Also, activities of dressing up and eating become affected.

Stage 4– Constant help is required with the daily activities.

Stage 5– The patient is bed-ridden and requires a 24×7 caretaker.

how is parkinson s disease treated as mentioned

How is Parkinson’s disease treated?

As mentioned above, there is no permanent cure of Parkinson’s disease. But, doctors

suggest medications to help control the symptoms and delay progression of the ailment.

Medications like carbidopa-levodopa, dopamine agonists, and MAO-B inhibitors are

generally given. Other than that, a

Parkinson’s disease specialist in Bangalore

Dr. Shivam Mittal, can perform surgical procedures of deep brain stimulation, wherein

electrodes are implanted into the brain, which are connected to a generator implanted in

the chest, to send electrical pulses to the brain, thus reducing the symptoms. Other

alternatives that can bring relief include yoga and acupuncture.

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