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Parkinsonâ€™s disease is an ailment that affects millions of people worldwide, wherein there is loss of movement and brain activity. Although it cannot be cured, but itâ€™s progression can be slowed down. Learn more about it here.\nRead more at: https://goo.gl/ezs9bA
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about It Here – Dr. Shivam Mittal
What Is Parkinson’s Disease? Know All About It Here
Parkinson’s disease is a chronic movement disorder, named after Dr. James Parkinson, who
first identified this condition. More than 4 million people across the world suffer from this
disease, which has no permanent cure, but treatments help maintain the quality of life of
What happens in Parkinson’s disease?
When a person is infected with Parkinson’s disease, his brain progressively stops
producing dopamine, a neurotransmitter that is produced by brain cells. Dopamine is
responsible for relaying messages to different parts of the body to have smooth
coordinated muscle movements throughout the body. Thus, when Parkinson’s disease
attacks, less dopamine is produced, which makes it difficult for the patient to coordinate
movement of his muscles.
What causes Parkinson’s disease?
Although the specific reason for Parkinson’s disease is unknown, it has been seen that
specific genetic mutation is responsible for it, which is a neurodegenration disease. Also,
there could be clumps of widespread protein known as alpha-synuclein within the neurons
that may be responsible for this ailment. Another reason could be heredity, with the
disease being transferred from an ancestor into the progressing family members. This
ailment is seen to begin in the mid or late age, and is then seen to only increase. And, men
are more prone to this disease than women. However, there are certain Parkinson’s disease
patients who are able to live full productive lives, while there are others who get disabled
more quickly. Therefore, the symptoms and effects of this disease vary from person to
How can Parkinson’s disease be diagnosed?
There are four basic signals that can alert one of Parkinson’s disease. These include –
Tremor– This is when shaking or shivering is seen in hands or fingers when the body is at
rest. It is generally seen on one side of the body when the person is at rest.
Rigidity– This can be identified when the person is trying to move a joint, but is unable to.
The patient feels pain due to stiffness in the joints.
Slow movement– The patient will over time find it difficult to move, making routine
activities difficult. Steps become shorter, slowly leading to dragging of the feet.
Imbalance –During a later stage of Parkinson’s disease, the patient may experience poor
posture with drooping shoulders and shuffling feet.
Other problems that can be faced as Parkinson’s disease increases include fatigue, sleeping
problems, excessive salivation, depression, change in speech, swallowing problems,
constipation, lack of facial expression, tiredness, bladder problems, smaller handwriting,
decreased sense of smell, visual hallucinations, change in blood pressure, and memory loss.
Stages of Parkinson’s disease
Stage 1– No to mild symptoms of tremor, change in walking, change of posture, or change
in facial expressions are seen, which generally do not interfere with everyday routines.
Stage 2– Tremors now start affecting both sides of the bosy with twitching face expression
and prominent posture problems.
Stage 3– Loss of balance become frequent with cases of falling or slow and weird
movements. Also, activities of dressing up and eating become affected.
Stage 4– Constant help is required with the daily activities.
Stage 5– The patient is bed-ridden and requires a 24×7 caretaker.
As mentioned above, there is no permanent cure of Parkinson’s disease. But, doctors
suggest medications to help control the symptoms and delay progression of the ailment.
Medications like carbidopa-levodopa, dopamine agonists, and MAO-B inhibitors are
generally given. Other than that, a
Parkinson’s disease specialist in Bangalore
Dr. Shivam Mittal, can perform surgical procedures of deep brain stimulation, wherein
electrodes are implanted into the brain, which are connected to a generator implanted in
the chest, to send electrical pulses to the brain, thus reducing the symptoms. Other
alternatives that can bring relief include yoga and acupuncture.
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