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Environment and Security

Environment and Security

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Environment and Security

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  1. Environment and Security EllýKatrínGuðmundsdóttir March 19, 2010

  2. environment and security • environmental threats • national security and the environment • risk assessment for Iceland • the actors working for the environment

  3. environmental threats • environmental threats mean changes in the environment which can harm or even danger human health, impact the business environment, threaten the existence of species or alter the ecological balance • environmental threats can be generated by human activity or natural phenomena

  4. environmental threats & national security • environmental threats may remain local but may involve regions or the entire earth • when negative impacts from the environment are felt across borders they become security issues for the affected nations • security analysis now addresses environmental threats

  5. risk assessment for Iceland • the mandate of the risk assessment commission • climate change and civil protection and emergency management system • climate change and security

  6. mandate of the risk assessment commission • the commission approached its task on the basis of a broad and inclusive definition of security, encompassing “new threats” posed by global, transnational, societal and human factors

  7. civil protection & emergency management • emergency plans for how to deal with natural disasters or environmental accidents have been been prepared and are part of the Civil Protection and Emergency Management System in Iceland • how will climate change affect the risk factors defined in this system?

  8. climate change & security issues in Iceland • receding glaciers will cause major runoff threatening road security • thinning of large glaciers will reduce the load on the Earth's crust which will rebound causing increasing volcanic eruptions but reduce the impacts of rising global sea levels • receding ice on the North pole may open up new shipping routes in the future increasing the risk of sea accidents and oil spills

  9. working for the environment • international community • states • local authorities • individuals • NGOs and businesses • cooperation is essential

  10. Risk Assessment for Iceland: http://www.utanrikisraduneyti.is/media/Skyrslur/Skyrsla_um_ahattumat_fyrir_Island_a.pdf