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Environment and Security. Ellý Katrín Guðmundsdóttir March 19, 2010. environment and security. environmental threats national security and the environment risk assessment for Iceland the actors working for the environment. environmental threats.

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Environment and security

Environment and Security


March 19, 2010

Environment and security1
environment and security

  • environmental threats

  • national security and the environment

  • risk assessment for Iceland

  • the actors working for the environment

Environmental threats
environmental threats

  • environmental threats mean changes in the environment which can harm or even danger human health, impact the business environment, threaten the existence of species or alter the ecological balance

  • environmental threats can be generated by human activity or natural phenomena

Environmental threats national security
environmental threats & national security

  • environmental threats may remain local but may involve regions or the entire earth

  • when negative impacts from the environment are felt across borders they become security issues for the affected nations

  • security analysis now addresses environmental threats

Risk assessment for iceland
risk assessment for Iceland

  • the mandate of the risk assessment commission

  • climate change and civil protection and emergency management system

  • climate change and security

Mandate of the risk assessment commission
mandate of the risk assessment commission

  • the commission approached its task on the basis of a broad and inclusive definition of security, encompassing “new threats” posed by global, transnational, societal and human factors

Civil protection emergency management
civil protection & emergency management

  • emergency plans for how to deal with natural disasters or environmental accidents have been been prepared and are part of the Civil Protection and Emergency Management System in Iceland

  • how will climate change affect the risk factors defined in this system?

Climate change security issues in iceland
climate change & security issues in Iceland

  • receding glaciers will cause major runoff threatening road security

  • thinning of large glaciers will reduce the load on the Earth's crust which will rebound causing increasing volcanic eruptions but reduce the impacts of rising global sea levels

  • receding ice on the North pole may open up new shipping routes in the future increasing the risk of sea accidents and oil spills

Working for the environment
working for the environment

  • international community

  • states

  • local authorities

  • individuals

  • NGOs and businesses

  • cooperation is essential

Environment and security