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2013 NATIONAL CONFERENCE IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION“ReAksyon: Rethink, Reduce, Reform … AkoangSolusyon” (Investing in Philippine Development Through Effective Public Administration)The Office of the Vice President for Research, Extension, Planning and Development (OVPRED) throughInstitute of Social Sciences and Development (ISSD),College of Public Administration and Governance (CPAG)Circle of Public Administration and Governance Students (CPAGS)
The Local Government Operations Officers’ Assessment on the Implementation of the Decentralization Policy of Republic No. 7160 by Christopher F. Bueno, Ph.D. UNIVERSITY OF NORTHERN PHILIPPINESUNESCO Heritage City of Vigan
( Local Governance)
Boosting the Positive Image of the Country
“The Philippines is no longer the sick man of East Asia, but the rising tiger. There is macroeconomic stability, and the fiscal situation of the government is sound and improving. The fight against corruption is being waged with determination and it is paying off. Transparency is improving everywhere in the Philippines”
(The World Bank Country Director MotooKonishi for the Philippines at the closing of the 2013 Philippine Development Forum at the Marco Polo Hotel )
In consonance to the prescription of joining the positive perception of the World Bank as the “Rising Tiger Economy in Asia ”...
Conference Theme :
“ReAksyon: Rethink, Reduce, Reform … AkoangSolusyon” (Investing in Philippine Development Through Effective Public Administration)
The public administration research entitled “ The LGOOs’ Assessment on the Implementation of the Decentralization Policy of Republic Act No. 7160” provides us the substantial answer to the conference theme on the “ Rising Tiger Economy of Asia in Local Governance"
The provision of Section 17, Book 1 of this Act served as the basis of the decentralization assessment along the:
The PROFILE OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS OFFICERS (LGOOs)
Most of the LGOO respondents were assigned in the 4th class municipalities (41.68 percent) including the 3rd class and 5th class municipalities (with 20.83 percent) equivalent to 83.33 percent in this study.
Most of the local sources were within the range below 2 million pesos ( 62.50 percent).
Section 17 for a municipality (iii) on the basic services and facilities subject to the provisions of Title Five, Book I of Republic Act No. 7160, health services which included the implementation of programs and projects on primary health care, maternal and child care, and communicable and non-communicable disease control services, access to secondary and tertiary health services, purchase of medicines, medical supplies, and equipment needed to carry out the services
(1) maternal deliveries ;
(2) growth monitoring;
(3) consultation and treatment;
(4) expanded program on Immunization
(BCG,OPV,DPT,HEPA B, TT, Measles);
(5) nutrition and operation timbang including
micronutrients supplement ( Vt. A., Iodine and
(6) national tuberculosis program;
(7) family planning program; and
(8) malaria, dengue and acute respiratory program.
It followed the same high level of performance in social governance along the health services in 2011 that had excellent performance 20.83 percent ( 5 municipalities) and high rating of 54.17 percent ( 12 municipalities)
Although, it was highly effective and responsive for the communicable and non-communicable diseases (X 3.76) the medical viability was limited to primary health care for maternal and child care.
Although, it is highly effective and responsive for the communicable and non-communicable diseases (X 3.76) the medical viability is limited to primary health care for maternal and child care.
The Private- Public Partnership (PPP) for secondary and tertiary health services may not be viable for 3rd and 4th class municipalities as to its medical investment and demand analysis unless there is a presence of the sustained expansion of commercial activities in locality.
(Section 17-iv) Social welfare services which include programs and projects on child and youth welfare, family and community welfare, women's welfare, welfare of the elderly and disabled persons; community-based rehabilitation programs for vagrants, beggars, street children, scavengers, juvenile delinquents, and victims of drug abuse; livelihood and other pro-poor projects; nutrition services; and family planning services;
It is high performance (Rank 3: X-3.63) but no specific LGPMS indicators in social governance to triangulate the result in order to review the result of the study. In the LGU accomplishment reports provide specific functions and responsibilities reflective in social welfare development that the LGOO has tangible observation to have high assessment in this area:
It is high performance in social governance along peace, security and disaster management of 54.17 percent (12 municipalities). However, the areas of improvement were identified :
It is high performance in social governance along education services with one (1) municipality rated as excellent and 11 municipalities rated high, however 5 municipalities with a rating of fair and 1 municipality with a rating low. These are the areas of improvement identified in Local Government Monitoring System :
The Comparative Analysis on the Responsiveness of the Executive Official (EO), SangguniangBayan (SB) and National Programs (NP) in the Delivery of Basic Services
1. The Community Based-Forestry consistently rank as one of lowest level of responsiveness national program (Rank 6), sangguniangbayan (Rank7) and executive official (rank 9).
The LGU has to look the strategic opportunity on its natural resources with substantial portion of the national and international funding for environmental programs, forest development and sustainable development that aligned with the community based-forestry.
As a matter of fact, the LGPMS has proof to show the excellent performance that it is hard to accomplish by the LGU for the record in the environmental variable along forestry as the by-product of its responsiveness in this area along environmental governance:
2. The Solid –Waste Disposal System has average assessment (X-3.14) with rank 4 (X-3.14) in the national program ; rank 7 ( X-3.36) in the executive officials; rank 8 in the sangguniangbayan when compared among the variables of the basic delivery services.
3. The Agricultural Services have average assessment (X-3.39) with rank 6 when compared on the other basic services. The executive officials have been able to comply with high level of assessment ( X-3.82) and priority rank 2 in the basic services, however, local legislation (Rank 4 : X-3.40) and national program ( Rank 8:X- 2.95).
4. The Education Services have able to rank 6 for the executive officials (X-3.55) and sangguniangbayan (X-3.22) of the LGU while rank 2 (X- 3.50) in the national programs that positively affected with the over-all rank of 5 ( X-3.50).
5. The Social Services have better rank standing (OR-Rank: 4) when compared with the education services, agricultural services and community-based forestry with a overall meaning rating of 3.51 and descriptive rating of high.
The Inferential Analysis as to the Relationship of Local Governance Variables in the Delivery of Basic services in the LGU
** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2 tailed)
*Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level ( 2 tailed)
The inferential Analysis as to the Relationship of Local Governance Variables in the Delivery of Basic Services in the LGU
The peace and security demands more on law enforcement while health services and education are to be given more attention on the areas of improvement in the LPGMS.
On the other hand, the male respondents are receptive infrastructure projects, agricultural and health services to be more responsive in the basic social services. These variables relate on the participation in the actual in field site projects for them to agree with the high level of assessment in these areas.
On Internal Revenue Allotment, Income Source and Other Sources of Income
Based on this study, there seems disparity as to the LGOOs’ assessment that the high financial income of IRA produced low level of responsiveness and effectiveness in the delivery of basic service as implemented by the Chief Executive Officers and inter- government agency collaborations in the LGU.
The areas of improvement in the LGPMS on indicators of State of Local Governance along administrative governance, economic governance, environmental governance, social governance and valuing governance are almost the same regardless of the income class of the municipalities.
. On Income Sources.
The Critical Issues that must be addressed in the comparative analysis on the responsiveness Executive Official (EO), SangguniangBayan (SB) and National Programs (NP) in the Delivery of Basic Services for the Prescription to follow the standards of the “ Rising Tiger Economy of Asia in Local Governance"
The economic governance has been the strategic core ingredients in the government capacity to enhance the basic delivery of services. The IRA dependent support may not provide enough leeway to prescribe in joining the “Rising Tiger economy of Asia” as investment and local economy contributed the leap frog development in the Philippines.
The LGUs must respond the following indicators under the entrepreneurship, business and industry promotion for 3rd to 5th class municipalities :
The direct support services to business in the micro, small and medium business including product labelling, product packaging, training, job fair and trade. It is important that administrative support body to take the lead in marketing the potential investments in the LGU.
The prescription for the “Rising Tiger Economy in Asia” primarily gauges in indicator 1 with the valuing governance fundamentals of governance follow the political maturity of development in the LGU. The value of economic success depends of careful planning in the long term , however, the current reality of economic growth and development defines more success in” traffic congestions” as the indicator of the real development in the LGU.
The prescription for the “Rising Tiger Economy of Asia in Local Governance”
2013 NATIONAL CONFERENCE IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION“ReAksyon: Rethink, Reduce, Reform … AkoangSolusyon” (Investing in Philippine Development Through Effective Public Administration)
AkoangSolusyon....... Local Government Units ( Local Executives Officials) need the help and assistance of the PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION EXPERTS LIKE YOU !
The creation of demand-driven support on infrastructure, tourism including entertainment parks, agriculture ( including forestry and fishery development), education, peace and security disaster management, and local economic zones.