slide1 n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Designing for Residential & Light Commercial Projects with Modern Insulated Siding Technology PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Designing for Residential & Light Commercial Projects with Modern Insulated Siding Technology

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 65

Designing for Residential & Light Commercial Projects with Modern Insulated Siding Technology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 63 Views
  • Uploaded on

Designing for Residential & Light Commercial Projects with Modern Insulated Siding Technology. An AIA Continuing Education Program Credit for this course is 1 AIA/CES Learning Unit for HSW Credit.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Designing for Residential & Light Commercial Projects with Modern Insulated Siding Technology' - panthea


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

Designing for Residential & Light Commercial Projects with Modern Insulated Siding Technology

An AIA Continuing Education Program

Credit for this course is 1 AIA/CES Learning Unit for HSW Credit

slide2

Hughes & Associates is a Registered Provider with The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Systems. Credit earned on completion of this program will be reported to CES Records for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for non-AIA members are available on request.

This program is registered with the AIA/CES fir continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material, methods and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.

slide3

Introduction

Architects are challenged daily to design and specify building products that help them combine the best current technology, performance & energy efficiency to exceed the expectations of demanding clients.

slide4

Clients want environmentally friendly products that are low maintenance and provide cost effective long term performance.

slide5

Modern Insulated Siding products address these challenges and provide outstanding design options & great product performance for the design professional.

slide6

Course Learning Objectives

  • Understand The History of Siding
  • Define Insulated Siding Product compositions and performance attributes
  • Visually identify sidings
  • Installation of InsulatedSidings
  • Understand Warranty Issues
  • Divisional relationships of InsulatedSiding
  • Life cycle assessment of Siding Technologies
slide7

History of Siding

  • Wood
  • Asbestos
  • Hardboard
  • OSB
  • Aluminum
  • Steel
  • PVC
  • Fiber Cement
  • Modern Insulated Siding
wood siding
Wood Siding
  • Oldest Technology
  • Multiple Species
  • Prone to deterioration and loss of structural integrity
  • Constant maintenance, paint or stain and periodic replacement
  • Susceptible to mildew, mold and fungus growth
  • Insect damage
  • Extensive flashing required to maintain water integrity
wood siding1
Wood Siding
  • Wood has been the choice for construction since man sharpened stones. The supply has been abundant and easy to shape and install. After the logs were cut for the sidewalks, the remaining pieces were layered and used on roofs and to fill holes and gaps. Man has also endured the problems with wood shakes:
    • Deterioration and loss of structural integrity
    • Constant maintenance, paint or stain and replacement of damaged panels
    • Susceptible to mildew, mold and fungus growth
    • Insect damage
    • Extensive flashing is required to maintain water integrity and heavily dependent on labor expertise.
asbestos
Asbestos
  • Popular in 1940’s
  • First “Wood”Alternative
  • Insect Resistant
  • Heat Resistant
  • Long Term Warranties
  • Did not perform to expectations
  • Health Hazard
asbestos1
Asbestos

In the 1940’s, Asbestos was the first wood alternative that was accepted in the marketplace and was used in many products for it’s outstanding insect and heat resistant qualities. Asbestos mineral shingles and sidings were very popular and promoted with long term warranted performance, The most popular asbestos siding were formed and designed for a “wood-shake” appearance. Asbestos sidings were produced with “non-friable” asbestos which would not crumble, abrade or otherwise release fibers into the air. Unfortunately, even before the health hazards of “friable” asbestos became front page news with litigation against Johns Manville, Celotex and Owens Corning, asbestos siding products did not perform as advertised. They faded quickly, absorbed moisture and were poor insulators.

polyvinyl chloride pvc
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)
  • Thermoplastic
  • Introduced in 1950’s
  • Low Impact Resistance
  • Color Through
  • Low Maintenance
  • Long Term Warranties
  • “Vinyl Siding”
polyvinyl chloride pvc1
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC)

PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) is a versatile and widely used thermoplastic in many formulations included rigid PVC. PVC products were initially introduced in the late 50’s and early 60’s, but the early technology was expensive and the products exhibited problems with brittleness and color retention. Improvements in technology and extrusion techniques lowered the cost and extruded horizontal vinyl siding became the dominant choice for exterior cladding and today has a market share exceeding 40%.

polyvinyl pvc extruded
Polyvinyl (PVC) Extruded

The PVC is co-extruded and pulled through dies to shape the pliable PVC. The product is then immersed in water to cool. The product is cut to length and boxed. PVC products are color through the panels and have good resistance to chemicals . They have a low temperature threshold of 159 and are more prone to exhibit heat distortion. PVC will also produce carbon monoxide when burned.

hardboard
Hardboard
  • Introduced in 1960’s
  • Dominate Market Share for 20 Years
  • Wood Fibers & Resins
  • Tempered Manufacturing Process
  • Did Not Perform To Expectations
  • Multiple Performance Problems
  • National Class Action Lawsuits
hardboard1
Hardboard

Hardboard is a composite of wood fibers bonded with resins formed into a particular pattern or shape under heat and pressure. It may be tempered or standard. The tempered process will produce a denser product with higher moisture resistance. Hardboard is available in numerous profiles such as lap siding, shingles, or panel forms. Hardboard may be embossed with many different surface finishes from smooth to a heavy texture to simulate wood grain or even stucco with a primed or factory pre-finish.

hardboard2
Hardboard

The majority of product problems and subsequent class action lawsuits were due to their susceptibility to moisture damage – either due to inherent product deficiencies or improper installation. Unsealed cut edges, overdriven nail heads and inadequate finish coatings all contribute to the absorption of moisture that caused the material to swell and/or deteriorate.

Proper installation and maintenance are critical to the functional life of this material. Once deterioration or decay occurs, it cannot be corrected other than by material replacement.

hardboard3
Hardboard

Peeling in hardboard is often due to poor maintenance of the coated surface. It generally originates at butt joints and drip edges. Water contact directly with bare hardboard in these areas eventually penetrates into the board to repeatedly permeate and expand the compressed wood fibers in the board. The swelling process is irreversible, resulting in delamination of both the paint film and the board.

Hardboards are still available in the market in spite of dramatic market share losses and litigation. The number of producers are limited and warranties are clearly written to protect manufacturers from litigation due to lack of homeowner maintenance.

oriented strand board
Oriented Strand Board
  • Created in late 1970’s
  • Evolved from wafer board
  • Engineered from oriented, non random long wood strands
  • Multiple Performance Problems
  • Class Action Lawsuits
osb manufacturing process
OSB Manufacturing Process

Oriented Strand Board (OSB) is an engineered, mat-formed panel product made of strands, flakes or wafers sliced from small diameter, round wood logs and bonded with an exterior-type binder under heat and pressure.

OSB sidings consist of layered mats. Exterior or surface layers are composed of strands aligned in the long panel direction; inner-layers consist of cross or randomly-aligned strands. These large mats are then subjected to intense heat and pressure to become a "master" panel and are cut to size.

osb manufacturing process1
OSB Manufacturing Process

Strand dimensions are predetermined and have a uniform thickness. The majority of Structural Board Association (SBA) member mills use a combination of strands up to 6" (150mm) long and 1" (25mm) wide.

OSB's strength comes mainly from the uninterrupted wood fiber, interweaving of the long strands or wafers, and degree of orientation of strands in the surface layers. Waterproof and boil proof resin binders are combined with the strands to provide internal strength, rigidity and moisture resistance.

oriented strand board1
Oriented Strand Board

OSB sidings are still available in the market in spite of dramatic market share losses and litigation.

The number of producers are limited and warranties are clearly written to protect manufacturers from litigation due to lack of homeowner maintenance.

aluminum
Aluminum
  • Created in 1947
  • Recycled Content
  • May Qualify for LEED
  • Baked Enamel Finish Surface
  • Not Color Through
  • Low Impact Resistance
  • Long Term Warranty
aluminum cladding
Aluminum Cladding

In North America, aluminum facades have been popular for residential buildings since the 1950’s. Original aluminum siding appeared on houses in the late 1950s as a retrofit product utilized to cover existing wall materials.

The primary advantage of aluminum is the that the material is highly chemical resistant, rigid and lightweight. It also has a low rate of dilation, contraction and condensation. Extremely stable, durable and thermal efficient, they are waterproof and among the easiest sidings to handle. They come in a wide range of colors and textures and are warranted for as long as 40+ years.

aluminum cladding1
Aluminum Cladding

However, like most metals, aluminum does present some disadvantages. It will dent easily and is a good conductor of electricity that may prove to be dangerous when a wall area comes into contact with electrical wiring. Replacing or repairing a damaged area of the siding is very difficult due to the panel locking mechanism.

Cleaning aluminum siding is quite easy with a power washed light bleach solution. Cleaning should be done once a year. Painting aluminum siding must be done with care, one should use 100% acrylic latex paint for aluminum siding, this paint will provide great performance

fiber cement
Fiber Cement
  • Made From Cement, pulp fiber, sand & water
  • Developed in Europe in the early 1900’s
  • Labor Intensive
  • Zero Flame Spread
  • Termite & Insect Resistant
  • Moisture Problems-Low Perm Rating
  • Poor Windload Performance
fiber cement production process
Fiber Cement Production Process

Fiber cement siding is produced from a mixture of cement, sand, and cellulosic fibers. The manufacturing of fiber cement siding utilizes autoclaving, a high temperature steam curing process, to increase strength and dimensional stability. The cellulosic fibers are added to the mixture to prevent cracking. Fiber cement siding is manufactured in layers forming a sheet of the desired thickness. A wood grain is imprinted onto the surface at the time the uncured product is lifted by an accumulator roll and cut into individual sections, or in a separate high pressure molding process immediately after the product is cut.

fiber cement1
Fiber Cement

Fiber cement is available in several profiles and a large color palette. One option is horizontal lap siding, which includes profiles such as Dutchlap, beaded, and traditional clapboard. Shaped fiber cement siding is available as shingles, half rounds, octagons, and random squares. Vertical siding options include a traditional stucco appearance, smooth or cedar (either without vertical grooves or with regular interval grooves.)

Fiber-cement siding holds paint well, usually 7-15 years. Some manufacturers make their siding available pre-primed or pre-finished. The siding must be thoroughly clean and dry and must have adequate time to dry. Dirt and mildew may adhere to flat paint. Satin topcoats have a higher chance of looking blotchy than flat ones, so thorough priming is critical. Oil-based primers are not recommended, but oil-based topcoats are acceptable over latex primers. Prolonged surface exposure to water causes degradation, so it is important to paint your siding within 90 days of installation.

fiber cement2
Fiber Cement

Fiber cement products are heavy and difficult to install due to ease of breakage at the edges. They lack the detailing depth and shadow lines of other cladding products and have to be carefully primed on edges and overlaps painted and repainted regularly and lack the depth and shadow lines of PVC and PP shake panels. They are also comprised of 50-80% crystalline silica which is a known carcinogenic when breathable dust from installation is inhaled. Fiber Cement also have a low Perm Rating and are more likely to contribute to an environment conducive to the creation of mold. The back of fiber cement products must be left unprimed to allow moisture to dissipate due to low permeability. Fiber cement will absorb & retain moisture.

steel
Steel
  • Introduced in late 1940’s
  • PVC Surface
  • Class A Fire Rating
  • Insect Repellent
  • Low Maintenance
  • Wide Color Palette
  • High Impact Resistance
  • Long Term Warranty
steel1
Steel

Steel siding is a low maintenance siding product. It will not rot, flake, crack or chip; imitates "wood look" more naturally, hides wall imperfections and requires no painting. Steel siding has a clean rigid appearance, is non-combustible and requires no maintenance except for periodic cleaning. The disadvantages of steel is that it is more expensive than vinyl or aluminum and can dent if hit hard enough and will show scratches. Most siding is 29 gauge and weighs less than hardboard or most other types of siding. It has an extremely high tensile strength and is galvanized on both sides to prevent rusting.

slide32

Modern Insulated Siding Physical Properties

  • Laminated Substrates:
    • Expanded Polystyrene
  • High Impact & Hail Resistant
  • Energy Saving “R” Value-ENERGY STAR®
  • Sound Deadening
  • Termite Resistant
  • High Permeability-Reduces Mold & Mildew
  • Fire Retardant
insulated siding lamination
Insulated Siding Lamination
  • 1# Density Virgin Grade Expanded Polystyrene
    • Aged “R” Value of up to 5
    • High PSI Rating
    • Termite Resistant Mineral Additive
    • Fire Retardant Additive
    • Perm Rating of 5
    • Green Building Technology
    • Contains no CFCs, HCFCs or formaldehyde
modern insulated siding performance characteristics
Modern Insulated Siding Performance Characteristics

Insulated siding laminated to PVC will provide impact, hail and durability comparable to hardboard and fiber cement cladding

modern insulated siding performance characteristics1
Modern Insulated Siding Performance Characteristics

EPS Lamination will add an “R” of up to 5 and provide a “thermal” envelope to address the 25% left without insulation with typical OSB/Plywood wall systems.

“R” value can be added to comply with IRC Simplified Building Envelope Calculations, Section N1102.

modern insulated siding performance characteristics2
Modern Insulated Siding Performance Characteristics

Insulated Siding will provide sound deadening and provide an additional STC Rating. A typical 2’ x 4’ wall with R-13 batt will have an STC of 37+.

modern insulated siding performance characteristics3
Modern Insulated Siding Performance Characteristics

Insulated Siding has a termite resistant additive made from naturally occurring boron. It is non-toxic and deters termites. It should be used in conjunction with a total insect management program.

Without Pest Repellent

With Pest Repellent

modern insulated siding performance characteristics4
Modern Insulated Siding Performance Characteristics

Insulated siding provides maximum permeability and wall systems that “breath”. Thermal siding has a built in moisture management system that provides easy egress for any moisture that may enter the wall system.

modern insulated siding performance characteristics5
Modern Insulated Siding Performance Characteristics

Insulated siding laminated to PVC is designed to perform well in fire situations. Fire testing has confirmed that when exterior walls with thermal siding are exposed to a radiant heat source (as from a nearby burning building) and from open flame. The expanded polystyrene used in insulated siding is manufactured containing a fire retardant that reduces the product's contribution to a fire. When exposed to an open flame or a high radiant heat source, the EPS simply melts and sags away from the source of heat.

modern insulated siding performance characteristics6
Modern Insulated Siding Performance Characteristics

In addition, insulated siding completely fills the hollow void that exists behind hollow back vinyl and aluminum siding products. Since there are no air pockets, insulated siding eliminates the "chimney effect" that can contribute to the flammability of other siding systems.

Insulated siding will meet the national building codes requiring foam plastic insulation used in the walls of residential construction to have a flame spread of not more than 75 and a smoke developed of not more than 450. Insulated siding will meet UL and ASTM E119 as part of a one-hour wall system.

slide41

Insulated Siding Accessories

Universal starter strip

3 3/4" Outside Corner

Post 1 1/4” Opening

J-Channel 1 1/4" Opening

Window/Door Surround

slide44

Installation Techniques

  • Use Solid Substrate
  • Use proper accessories
  • Use weather resistant barrier per code
  • Follow manufacturers installation guidelines
basic installation guidelines
Basic Installation Guidelines

Insulated siding is rigid and may be used over any code compliant sheathing product in new construction or renovation. Insulated siding will “float” most substrate imperfections. Furring strips may also be used to provide a nailable surface. A 3/4” stud penetration is recommended with flathead galvanized or aluminum roofing nails. Each thermal siding manufacturer may have different guidelines and strict adherence should be specified and enforced.

Use of proper accessories is vital to achieve the long-term warranted performance from thermal siding. Insulated siding will provide an excellent water resistant cladding when proper accessories are specified and detailed.

basic installation guidelines1
Basic Installation Guidelines

A code approved weather resistant barrier should be used to protect the substrate. Panel configurations mandate different installation techniques to assume the proper alignment to hide or minimize seams and ensure water and air infiltration integrity.

slide47

Warranties

  • Manufacturer warranty
  • Contractor’s warranty

It is critical to understand the difference between the manufacturers and a contractor’s warranty.

In addition to the great aesthetics and low-maintenance of Insulated Siding, manufacturers’ warranties are an important reason for their selection. Due to the differences in formulation and color retention, each manufacturers’ warranty may have important differences that may be critical to your clients.

warranty questions
How long is product warranted to original purchaser & what is covered?

Is the warranty transferable?

Does the warranty prorate after transfer?

Is coverage based on initial purchase price or actual replacement cost?

Warranty Questions
slide49
Sheathing-Section 06 16 00

Weather Resistant Barriers 07 27 00

Divisional Relationships of Insulated Sidings

sheathing section 06 16 00
Sheathing Section 06 16 00

The rigidity of Insulated Siding allows the use of any code compliant sheathing. The high permeability of Insulated Siding encourages a wall system with insulated sheathing products

slide52

Additional Information

Insulated Siding is manufactured with a patented process by Progressive Foam Technologies. The result is an extraordinary siding that outperforms any cladding available in the marketplace. Insulated siding products are available worldwide from numerous vinyl siding manufacturers and are available through an extensive distribution network. Complete information is available at 800-860-3626 or by visiting www.fullback.com.

hughes associates
Hughes & Associates
  • Our mission is to serve the architectural & design community
  • Contact us first for any assistance
  • Thank you for your time and participation in this AIA CE course
  • Please complete the test beginning at the next slide and you will receive 1 HSW LU based on a 75% score
test questions
Test Questions

1. What was the first composition for siding?

  • Fiber Cement
  • Vinyl
  • Wood

2. What siding composition from the 1940’s was removed from the marketplace and created major legal actions?

  • Vinyl
  • Asbestos
  • Fiber Cement
test questions1
Test Questions

3. Which siding composition typically requires the most maintenance?

  • Wood
  • Insulated Siding
  • Fiber Cement

4. Which siding composition requires NO painting?

  • Insulated Siding
  • Fiber Cement
  • Wood

5. Which siding composition is health hazard and known carcinogenic when dust is created during installation?

  • Fiber Cement
  • Insulated Siding
  • Wood
test questions2
Test Questions

6. Which siding composition has the lowest perm rating and is more likely to trap moisture that can create mold and mildew problems?

  • Wood
  • Insulated Siding
  • Fiber Cement

7. Which composition has the highest original installation cost according to R. S. Means?

  • Wood
  • Insulated Siding
  • Fiber Cement
test questions3
Test Questions

8. Should a weather resistance barrier be installed with Insulated Siding?

  • Yes
  • No

9. What is the recommended sheathing for Insulated Siding?

  • Extruded Polystyrene
  • Polyisoanurate
  • OSB or Plywood
  • Any of the above
test questions4
Test Questions

10. Which additional 2004 Masterformat section is commonly referenced with Insulated Siding?

  • Division 8-Openings
  • Division 6-Sheathings
  • Division 4-Masonry

11. Which application would you NOT use Insulated Siding?

  • Full Home
  • Gables
  • Dormers
  • Wainscot
  • None of the above
test questions5
Test Questions

12.Which siding composition will provide the best life cycle analysis performance?

  • Fiber Cement
  • Insulated Siding
  • Wood

13. Can Insulated Siding be used in a One-Hour Rated Wall Assembly?

  • Yes
  • No
test questions6
Test Questions

14. Which siding will add significant “R” value to a wall system?

  • Fiber Cement
  • Insulated Siding
  • Wood

15. Which siding will provide the best warranty for long term performance?

  • Fiber Cement
  • Insulated Siding
  • Wood
hughes associates1
Hughes & Associates
  • You may fax your test score to 901.414.2360 with you AIA number or e-mail to info@hughesspec.com and we will submit for credit and forward a Certificate of Completion ASAP
glossary
Glossary
  • Accessories: Components used to install, cover exposed product edges and complete installation
  • Course- A horizontal strip of cladding material
  • Embossing-Pattern molded or rolled into panels
  • EPS: Expanded polystyrene is made from styrene monomer and hydrocarbon blowing agents. Molecules of styrene monomer are linked together to form the polymer called polystyrene. It is a closed-cell foam insulation
glossary1
Glossary
  • Exposure-The exposed width of each siding panel after installation
  • Finish- Refers to the texture and/or gloss level
  • Lock- Where siding panels lock together
  • Nail Hem- The panel top where the panels are nailed to the substrate
  • Polymers- A compound consisting of molecular chains formed from monomers occurring as repetitive building blocks
slide64

Glossary

  • Polyolefin- A generic term for cress-linkable thermo set polymers
slide65

Glossary

  • Polyvinylchloride (PVC)- This versatile and widely used thermoplastic has many formulations, including rigid PVC, flexible plasticized PVC, plastisols and organisols made via emulsion processes. Most PVC is used in building and construction industries for pipe, siding and window glazing. PVC is limited due to heat resistance of only 150-175 degrees Fahrenheit
  • Resin- The base material in a plastic compound
  • Shadow Line- The shadow pattern cast by the panel
  • Square- A unit of measurement for siding products e.g. one square of siding-100 sq.ft
  • Starter Strip- A concealed component to receive the first course of siding
  • Weatherization- Photochemical degradation of materials caused by the UV degradation, water and air born particulate