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Health and Safety. Fork Lift Trucks Health and Safety Awareness Adams Burt (H&S) Ltd. Situations?. Working Safely. Some thoughts to get started. "One of the most dangerous things you can do is turn up for work!" Dr Michael V. Manning. Purpose

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health and safety
Health and Safety

Fork Lift Trucks

Health and Safety Awareness

Adams Burt (H&S) Ltd

working safely
Working Safely

Some thoughts to get started...

"One of the most dangerous things you can do is turn up for work!"

Dr Michael V. Manning

h s awareness course

To help raise awareness of Health and Safety when using an FLT

NOT to teach you how to drive it!!!

H&S Awareness Course
Fork lift trucks are found in a variety of situations in all types of industries.

Unfortunately, they also feature prominently in work place accidents.

the problem
Each year there are approximately 8000 reportable accidents involving fork lift trucks.

This is about 1/3 of all transport related accidents at work

These injuries, some of which are fatal, create untold suffering for the victims and their dependents.

The Problem
reasons for the problem
Generally these accidents result from:

lack of operator training and awareness

Lack of co-worker awareness

(a well known FLT manufacturer recently stated that 60% of injuries/fatalities are sustained by co-workers)

poor maintenance

no safe systems of work regarding lift truck operations

Reasons for the Problem
main risks
The main risks associated with FLTs are:

Being struck by an FLT

The FLT rolling over

Driver being struck by falling items

Passengers falling out

Unauthorised start up

Inadequate braking

Restricted driver visibility

Main Risks
Most training concentrates on driver safety but we also need to be pro-active in ensuring the people around us are aware of the risks

One thing to remember – any pedestrian getting into an argument with an FLT is almost certainly bound to lose

accident prevention

Duty of Care

Physical and Emotional pain and ill health

Staff Morale


Enforcement and Prosecution

Civil Law


Costs of accidents

Loss of trade

Accident Prevention
the law lifting operations
A number of different laws apply to working with FLTs – the main ones are:

Health & Safety at Work Act

Management of H&S at Work Regulations

Provision & Use of Work Equipment

Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment

Workplace Health Safety & Welfare

Personal Protective Equipment

The Law – Lifting Operations
health safety at work act
Enabling Act

VDU Regulations

Work Equipment



Manual Handling

Management of H&S at Work

Health & Safety at Work Act
health safety at work act16
Section 2 “…employers duty to ensure so far as is reasonably practicable the health safety and welfare at work of all employees”.

Section 3 “…employers duty to ensure so far as is reasonably practicable that persons not in his employment but who may be affected are not exposed to risks to health and safety”.

Health & Safety at Work Act
health safety at work act17
Section 4 “.. dutyof each person who has control of premises to ensure as far as reasonably practicable the premises and any substances or equipment in them is safe and without risks to health”Health & Safety at Work Act
health safety at work act18
Section 7“ employees must take reasonable care of themselves and others by virtue of what they do or neglect to do and without risks to health”

Employees must co-operate with their employer in fulfilling legal requirements

Section 8 “no person shall intentionally or recklessly interfere with or misuse anything provided in the interests of H&S”

Health & Safety at Work Act
Management of

Health and Safety at Work


management regulations 1
Employers must

Assess risks to workforce (and others affected), includes young persons, pregnant women and women of childbearing age

Make arrangements to put appropriate measures in place including planning, controlling monitoring and reviewing

The appointment of a ‘competent person’

Management Regulations (1)
management regulations 2
Employers must

Set up emergency procedures

Provide employees with information on health and safety matters

Ensure employees (including casuals) have adequate training

Management Regulations (2)
management regulations 3
Employees must

Co-operate with the employer

Report faults, defects, unsafe procedures

Follow health and safety instructions

Management Regulations (3)
reasonably practicable
A balancing act

Need to consider the effort needed to make

safe – against the cost and possibility of injury

Reasonably Practicable

Time Trouble Cost Physical difficulty


of the


work equipment 1
Equipment must be:

Suitable for use – FLT to suit job

Take into account the conditions/hazards

Used for intended purpose

Maintained in good order

Users trained and provided with adequate instruction

Work Equipment (1)
work equipment 2
No one to be carried on mobile work equipment unless designed for it

Suitable restraining system (Dec 2002)

Equipped to reduce risk in case of rollover

Prevention of unauthorised starting

Device for braking or stopping

If direct line of vision inadequate – devices to improve vision

Work Equipment (2)
lifting equipment operations 1
Employer must ensure equipment:

Is of adequate strength

Stable in use

Every part of load and anything attached to it and used for lifting is of adequate strength

Marked with Safe Working Load

Information indicating safe working load for each configuration kept with FLT

Lifting Equipment & Operations (1)
lifting equipment operations 2
Lifting operations must be:

Properly planned

Appropriately supervised

Carried out in a safe manner

Lifting Equipment & Operations (2)

Lifting equipment must be Thoroughly Examined at least once every 12 months – more often if there are conditions which could cause deterioration and result in dangerous situations

day to day considerations
Day-to-Day Considerations


Daily Checks

Lifting & Transporting Loads


Do’s & Don’ts


Flashing Beacon

Reversing Beeper

Side Mirrors

Safe Working Systems

driver maintenance

Oil levels




Driver Maintenance

Daily Check to include:

  • Water
  • Steering
  • Mast
  • Battery/ies
  • Hydraulic leaks
lifting transporting
Load weight

Load Security


Lifting Capacity

Check Route

Lifting & Transporting
  • Overhead hazards
  • Other traffic
  • Travelling load position
  • Speed limit
  • Loading bays
battery charging
Well ventilated area

Eye protection

Eye wash facilities

Overfilling batteries with water

Battery Charging
don ts
Do Not:

Allow people to walk under the load

Leave a truck unattended with keys in ignition

Carry passengers

Drive forward if visibility impaired

Operate truck with load raised - except at very low speeds


Be careful with pedestrians

Keep to the speed limits

Sound horn at potential danger spots

Stop before entering a building – sound horn – enter

Avoid violent breaking

the end
The End

Safety is Everyone's Business