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Chapter 5/Section 4. The Spread Of Greek Culture. I. Greek Culture Spreads (pgs. 182 – 183). Hellenistic cities became centers of learning and culture. Architecture boomed with new cities being founded and old ones being rebuilt. Greek sculptors filled cities with thousands of statues.

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chapter 5 section 4

Chapter 5/Section 4

The Spread

Of

Greek Culture

i greek culture spreads pgs 182 183
I. Greek Culture Spreads (pgs. 182 – 183)
  • Hellenistic cities became centers of learning and culture.
  • Architecture boomed with new cities being founded and old ones being rebuilt.
  • Greek sculptors filled cities with thousands of statues.
literature and theater
Literature and Theater
  • The Hellenistic Age produced a large body of literature, although very little has survived.
  • One that did survive was a epic poem called Argonautica by Appolonius (a*phu*loh*nee*uhs).
  • Another poet, Theocritus (thee*ah*kruh*tuhs), wrote short stories about beauty and nature (pastoral poetry).
  • One of the best known playwrights was Menander (muh*nan*duhr)
ii philosophy pg 184
II. Philosophy (pg. 184)
  • The two most important philosophers during the Hellenistic Era were Epicurus and Zeno.
slide5

Established the science of physics – figured out the value of pi (used to measure the area of circles)

“SolidGeometry “ – study of spheres and cylinders

Explained the lever and compound pulley

Established that Earth revolves around the sun

Figured out that Earth is round

Measured Earth’s circumference within 185 miles of actual distance

First to establish the principles of geometry

Pythagorean Theorem – used to determine the length of the sides of a triangle

Created a system to explain how planets and stars move

Known as the “Father of Medicine”

First to write a medical code of good behavior

Expanded knowledge of mathematics and astronomy

Greek mathematician who wrote about “plane geometry” that shows how points, lines, angles, and surfaces relate to one another

Wrote book, Elements

Greek Scientists/Mathematicians and Their Contributions

Archimedes

Aristarchus

Eratosthenes

Euclid

Hipparchus

Hippocrates

Hypatia

Pythagoras