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Legal Aid Clinics in India and the United States – Service learning and Social Justice. By: Sumit Kapoor LL.B(Hons.), Final Year Law School, Banaras Hindu University. 2 Professors Prof. David Tushaus Dr. S.K.Gupta. TEAM. 10 Student Volunteers divided in 4 Teams.

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legal aid clinics in india and the united states service learning and social justice

Legal Aid Clinics in India and the United States – Service learning and Social Justice

By:

Sumit Kapoor

LL.B(Hons.), Final Year

Law School, Banaras Hindu University

slide2

2 Professors

    • Prof. David Tushaus
    • Dr. S.K.Gupta

TEAM

10

Student

Volunteers divided in

4 Teams

  • Team 1: Access to justice
    • Amit Singh
    • Dheeraj Singhal
  • Team 2: L.A.C in USA
    • Meenakshi Dutta
    • Varsha Srivastava
  • Team 3: L.A.C in India
    • Abhinav Mishra
    • Tarun Bhowmik
  • Team 4: Conducting Surveys
    • Sumit Kapoor (Student Coordinator)
    • Arpit Sharma
    • Hriday Pratap Singh
    • Hunter Ehwart (Missouri, U.S.A)
focus of teams
FocusofTeams
  • Team 1: Access to Justice
  • Access to justice issues in India and USA.
  • Legal needs of the poor.
  • How Legal Aid Clinics are meeting need of poor's
  • Lack of Legal Aid Clinics present work in this area.
  • Team 2: Legal Aid Clinics in USA
  • L.A.C in USA an overview.
  • Historical background of L.A.C in USA
  • Characteristics of L.A.C in USA.
  • Coordination with other teams.

Cont..

focus of teams continue
FocusofTeamsContinue…
  • Team 3: Legal Aid Clinics in USA
  • L.A.C in India an overview.
  • Historical background of L.A.C in India
  • Characteristics of L.A.C in India.
  • Team 4: Research and Survey
  • Development of questionnaire.
  • Preparation & Dissemination of surveys.
  • Storing and analysis of survey results.
  • Coordination with other teams.
slide6

Developmentof Questionnaire

  • Development stage:
  • Division of questionnaire in 4 stages.
  • General Information
  • Legal Aid Clinic Information
  • Opinion on Legal Aid Clinics.
  • Legal Aid Clinic Support
  • Inclusion of objective and subjective questions.
  • Pre-Development stage:
  • Understanding need for L.A.C in Law schools.
  • Analyzing L.A.C in Law School, BHU its importance and shortcomings.
  • Analyzing of NLSA (Legal Aid Clinic) Regulations, 2011.
  • Regular talks with Prof. D. Tushaus and L.A.C In charge at Law School, BHU
slide7

Creating Database& Disseminationof questionnaire

  • Creating Database of Law Schools in India
  • Collecting e-mail id and phone numbers of LAC in charge in Law schools.
  • Making calls and surfing website of Law Schools.
  • Around 900 colleges database created.
  • Dissemination of Survey
  • Coordinating with IT Department of Missouri western state university.
  • Online sending of questionnaire through e-mail and completion of survey.
  • Intimation via Regular reminders and calls.
slide8

Storage of Data

&

Coordination among teams

Google Drive was used Extensively

SNAP SHOT OF DRIVE

  • Every Team member uploaded his work on Google drive.
  • Different folders on drive made it convenient to use.
  • Every Member was able to review work of other on drive.
  • Drive helped in storage of data at one place.
slide9

Survey was sent to more than 600 Institutions delivering legal education in India.

  • 35 colleges participated in survey.
  • Small Response rate is disappointing.
  • Around 10 National Law Schools Participated.
  • Participants from 14 states completed survey.

PARTICIPANTS

teachers serving in legal aid clinics
Teachers Serving in Legal aid clinics
  • On average 3 – 5 Teachers are serving Legal Aid Clinics.
  • Satisfactory situation with regard to number of teachers.
  • Actual Participation in working of LAC is required.

Teacher’s Supervising LAC

students in legal aid clinics
Students in Legal Aid Clinics

1

Student Volunteer in LAC

  • On Average 30 – 40 students volunteer.
  • Many Law Schools have more than 60 student Volunteers.

2

Number of hours Volunteer serve LAC

  • Average time spent in LAC is 4 – 6 Hours.
  • In many Law Schools volunteer serve for 10 – 12 Hours per week.
financial assistance to legal aid clinics
Financial Assistance to Legal Aid Clinics

Financial Assistance Received by LAC

  • Maximum number of Legal Aid Clinics Lacks financial Assistance.
  • Major reason for operational Legal Aid Clinics.
slide13

Statements to which Participants Agreed.

SA: Strongly; Agree A: Agree; N: Neutral

slide14

Justice Delivery System and Role Legal Aid Clinics can play.

  • LAC should assist Local Gram Panchyats.
  • LAC can play an important role in assisting Lok adalats.
slide15

Mixed and Negative Opinion

Disagree

  • LAC should confine itself only to give advice to its clients. (SA:10; A: 9; D:9; SD:5)
  • There is a lack of commitment among the LAC members. (A:17; D:10)
  • Faculty serving at LAC should be allowed to plead clients.(SA:3; A:14; N:11 ; D:5)

Mixed

SA: Strongly; Agree A: Agree; N: Neutral; D: Disagree; SD: Strongly Disagree

slide16

Community Education Programs by Legal Aid Clinics

  • This is a positive sign in providing social justice via LAC in Law Schools.
  • Anti-Ragging Campaign, group discussions and small Seminars for creating legal awareness.
  • Working for Juvenile Homes, conducting RTI awareness workshop in collaboration with local NGO’s.
  • Legal Literacy Camps, Community based research projects, Para-legal Training,
slide17

NALSA REGULATIONS, 2011 IMPLEMENTATION IN

LEGAL AID CLINICS IN LAW SCHOOLS

1

Awareness about NALSA Rules.

2

Contact for establishment of LAC by N/S/DLASA.

slide18

ASSISTANCE BY N/S/DLSA TO LEGAL AID CLINICS

1

Financial Assistance to LAC’s in Law Schools by N/S/DLSA

2

Technical Assistance to LAC’s by N/S/DLSA

slide20

LEGAL AID CLINICS

&

ROAD AHEAD

Need to do something more than mere advice.