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4 th Global Vegetation Workshop, June 16-19, 2009. China Earth Observation Satellite Program. Dr. Yuan Zeng yuanz@irsa.ac.cn Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IRSA) China Centre For Resources Satellite Data & Application (CRESDA)

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China Earth Observation Satellite Program


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    1. 4th Global Vegetation Workshop, June 16-19, 2009 China Earth Observation Satellite Program Dr. Yuan Zeng yuanz@irsa.ac.cn Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences (IRSA) China Centre For Resources Satellite Data & Application (CRESDA) China National Space Administration (CNSA) China Meteorological Administration (CMA) China Oceanic Administration (COA)

    2. China Earth Observation Satellite Program • Meteorological Satellite (FY series) • Oceanic Satellite (HY series) • China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS series) • Environmental and Disaster Monitoring Satellite System (HJ-1 series)

    3. China Meteorological Satellite Program • Polar orbiting meteorological satellites were launched • FY-1A Sept. 7, 1988 • FY-1B Sept. 3, 1990 • FY-1C May 10, 1999 • FY-1D May 15, 2002 • Geostationary meteorological satellites were launched • FY-2A June 10, 1997 • FY-2B June 25, 2000 • FY-2C Oct. 19, 2004 • FY-2D Dec. 8, 2006

    4. Water Vapor Image of FY-2C MIR Image of FY-2C

    5. Applications of China Meteorological Satellites Typhoon May 13, 1991 July 25, 2002

    6. Applications of China Meteorological Satellites Urban heat Island

    7. Applications of China Meteorological Satellites Cloud and Wind Map from FY-2

    8. Applications of China Meteorological Satellites FY-1D RGB Image June 17, 2003, 1km

    9. Applications of China Meteorological Satellites Aerosol Optical Depth monthly over global sea by FY-1D June, 2003 MODIS Aerosol Product over global sea in the same period for comparison

    10. HY-1 Development objectives China Ocean satellite To detect the marine environmental parameters of theChina Seas • developing and utilizing the marine bio-resources • constructing and managing the harbor • detecting the ocean pollution • investigating and developing coastal resources • studying the global environmental changes

    11. Satellite and orbit characteristics • 10-band Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner (COCTS) , 8VNIR, 2TIR, 1.1km • 4-band CCD – 0.42-0.89µm, 250m • Launched on 15th May, 2002

    12. 3 Days coverage of HY-1 COCTS

    13. Red tide

    14. Suspended sediment distribution

    15. SST from COCTS

    16. The China-Brazil Earth Resources Satellite (CBERS) CBERS was jointly developed by China and Brazil since 1988 • Orbit: sun-synchronous recurrent and frozen orbit • Mean altitude: 778Km • Local time at descending node: 10:30 AM • Repeat cycle :26 days • Repeat cycle: 100.26 min • Revolution/Day: 14+9/26 • Inter-track distance: 107.4 Km • Time interval between adjacent track: 3 days

    17. CBERS-01/02 payloads CBERS-01: Oct. 1999 - Aug. 2003 CBERS-02: Oct. 2003 – present Download for free based on research contract in China

    18. CBERS-02B payloads CBERS-02B: Sept. 2007 - present

    19. CBERS-03/04 payloads CBERS-03/04 will be launched in 2011

    20. Applications of CBERS – Crop Growth Monitoring 2004.02.05 2004.03.28 2004.04.20 NDVI green index map for wheat based on WFI data of CBERS-02

    21. Applications of CBERS – Fire monitoring Forest fire disaster in Anning county, Yunnan province, Mar. 29, 2006 Fire disaster monitoring, Lantao Island and Tuen Mun Mountain in Hongkong, November 2007 Fire disaster in Inner Mongolia, May 2005

    22. Applications of CBERS – Flood monitoring Flood evaluation in Xincai and Huaibin counties, Henan province, July 18, 2007

    23. Applications of CBERS – Algae bloom monitoring in Taihu lake Blue-green algae bloom regions in red color, Mar. 28th and Apr. 23rd, 2007

    24. Applications of CBERS – Desertification monitoring Jinta in Gansu province, 1987(Landsat) and 2000(CBERS-01)

    25. Applications of CBERS – Urban expandingmonitoring Wuxi in JiangSu province, 2000 to 2003, urban expanding regions in red color

    26. Applications of CBERS – land use classification Jiangni region, Nanjing city, Jiangsu province Integration image of CBERS-02B CCD and HR CBERS-02B CCD Vegetation Map CBERS-02B CCD Land Use Map

    27. Applications of CBERS – Beijing Olympic Construction CBERS-02B HR, Aug. 2008 Beijing Olympic Center Tianjin Olympic Center Shanghai Olympic Center

    28. Applications of CBERS – Snow disaster monitoring CBERS-02B WFI, Jan. to Feb. 2008, south of China before after

    29. Applications of CBERS – Earthquake disaster monitoring CBERS-02B CCD and HR, Jun. 1st, 2008, Beichuan county, Sichuan province

    30. Environmental and Disaster Monitoring Satellite System • HJ-1 series satellites: HJ-1A, HJ-1B and HJ-1C • “HJ” is the “environment” in Chinese for short • HJ-1A/B were launched in Sept., 2008 • High spatial and high temporal resolution of HJ-1A/B • Currently, HJ-1A/B data are available for free based on research contract in China • HJ-1C is a SAR sensor, will be launched in 2009

    31. HJ-1 payloads

    32. Applications of HJ-1 – Change detection HJ-1A/B CCD combined with Landsat TM/ETM for land use change detection, natural protection area of Huanghe Delta between 1999 to 2008 2008 (HJ-1B) 2006 2005 2004 2001 1999

    33. Applications of HJ-1 – Fire monitoring Forest fire in Chayu county, Tibet, Dec 13, 2008 Estimating fire area using HJ-1A/B CCD and IRS images

    34. Applications of HJ-1 – Hyperspectral data HJ-1A Hyperspectral image, Zhujiang, Guangdong province, Oct. 1st, 2008

    35. Applications of HJ-1 HJ-1A CCD, California, Dec. 17th, 2008