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Psych 241 – Methods Lab section 03. TuTh – 4:00-5:15. Quiz. Absences: Don’t miss more than four. Try not to miss any, of course!. Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?. Title: Clear, concise, and interesting! Abstract: Is this article something worth reading?

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slide2
Quiz
  • Absences: Don’t miss more than four. Try not to miss any, of course!
do words really interfere in naming pictures
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Title: Clear, concise, and interesting!
  • Abstract:
    • Is this article something worth reading?
    • What was the basic idea and finding of this research?
  • Introduction:
    • Why did they do this research?
    • What do we already know about this topic, and what do we not know?
do words really interfere in naming pictures1
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Introduction Questions:
    • What does the author say is wrong with the previous study by Rosinski, Golikoff, and Kukish (1975)?
    • They did not look at how quickly students could label pictures without any words.
    • How did Stroop, in his original study, control for this problem?
    • Stroop used as a control (non-word) condition naming color swatches (blocks of color).
do words really interfere in naming pictures2
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Introduction Questions:
    • Where is the researcher’s hypothesis stated in this report?
    • In the last part of paragraph 1 at top of second column (page 39) and a secondary hypothesis is in the next paragraph.
    • Is there only one hypothesis?
    • No, there are two.
do words really interfere in naming pictures3
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Introduction Questions:
    • What are the hypotheses?
    • 1) Performance will be faster in a condition with no words as compared with incongruent words (i.e. incongruent labels will cause interference) and there may be a positive effect of congruent words.
    • 2) There will be differences between the performance of poor and average/above average readers.
    • Is it an inductive or a deductive hypothesis?
    • The first appears to be more deductive, and the second, inductive.
do words really interfere in naming pictures4
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Method:
    • The method used in the research.
    • A “recipe” of how the study was done that can be used for replication.
    • Unlike this paper, it is important to include subsections!
      • Participants
      • Materials
      • Procedure
do words really interfere in naming pictures5
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Method Questions:
    • Who were the participants in this study?
    • 16 second graders, 16 fifth graders, and 16 Junior High students, equal #s male and female. Also 8 poor second-grade readers.
    • What were the three stimulus conditions in this study?
      • Control condition (no words)
      • Congruent condition (words that matched the image)
      • Incongruent condition (words that did not match the image)
do words really interfere in naming pictures7
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Results Questions:
    • What did the author use as her criterion for rejection of the null hypothesis?
    • Criterion: p<.01
    • What statistical test did she perform?
    • Analysis of variance or “F-test”
    • Were the results for congruent versus no-word significant? What was the “p”?
    • Yes, F(l,18) = 22.05, p < .01
do words really interfere in naming pictures8
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Results Questions:
    • In the second paragraph the author describes the analysis for the discrepant condition. Were the results significant?
    • Yes, F(l,18) = 66.44, p <.01. It took longer to name pictures with incongruent labels than pictures without words (no labels).
do words really interfere in naming pictures9
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Discussion:
    • Things to cover:
      • Summarize your findings
      • Relate to previous research
      • Talk about any weaknesses or limitations of your study
      • Talk about future directions for research
      • Talk about real-world applications of your research
do words really interfere in naming pictures10
Do Words Really Interfere in Naming Pictures?
  • Discussion Questions:
    • Do the results of this study support the findings of previous researchers (Ronsinski et al)?
    • Yes. Interference is indeed occurring, and the magnitude of interference is related to age, with beginning readers suffering more than proficient readers.
    • Does the author suggest a possible future direction?
    • No.
note on writing
Note on writing!
  • Formatting is key.
  • OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab
homework
Homework
  • Read Chapter 3 of the APA handbook
  • Read “Thinking Straight and Writing that Way” on the course website: http://courses.umass.edu/psyc241/
contact information
Contact Information
  • ladelman@psych.umass.edu
  • Tobin 626
  • Office hour: Tuesdays from 1-2pm