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Hugues Lantuit IPA Secretariat IPA Standing Committee on Data, Information and Communication. "If the permafrost in Russia completely melts, it could completely transform the weather patterns on the planet, in some cases in very dangerous ways". Interview to ITAR-Tass, July 5, 2009.

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hugues lantuit ipa secretariat ipa standing committee on data information and communication
Hugues Lantuit

IPA Secretariat

IPA Standing Committee on Data, Information and Communication

slide2

"If the permafrost in Russia completely melts, it could completely transform the weather patterns on the planet, in some cases in very dangerous ways"

Interview to ITAR-Tass, July 5, 2009

monitoring polar permafrost
Monitoring Polar Permafrost
  • Observed Parameters
    • Temperatures in boreholes, near-surface temperatures in the region (Thermal State of Permafrost, TSP)
    • Active Layer Thickness (Circumpolar Active Layer Monitoring, CALM)
slide4

Active layer measurements on CRREL plots starting in the 1960s and resumed in 1991. Data are from 1000 x 1000 m CALM grid on Barrow Environmental Observatory, Alaska. Supported by U.S. National Science Foundation, project #OPP-0352958.

tsp svalbard nordenski ldsland permafrost observatory svalbard

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m Borehole depth

TSP Svalbard:Nordenskiöldsland Permafrost Observatory, Svalbard
  • CO2-boreholes
  • Dh1-CO2-07 & Dh2-CO2-07
  • Logging 04-06 Dec 2007
  • Dh4-CO2-09
  • Logging 10-10 Oct 2009
  • CO2-free Svalbard project
  • Endalen, solifluction 50 m asl
  • EN-B-1
  • 19.7 m
  • Campbell instr. (±0.05°C)
  • Online data transfer
  • TSP-PYRN
  • UNISCALM 10 m asl
  • AS-B-1
  • 10 m
  • Tinytags (±0.2°C)
  • AS-B-2
  • 9.9 m
  • Geoprecision (±0.2°C)
  • TSP-PYRN
  • Innerhytte pingo
  • IP-B-1
  • 19.1 m
  • Geoprecision.(±0.2°C)
  • Longyearbyen school
  • SK-B-1
  • 9.3 m
  • Geoprecision (±0.2°C)
  • EPSCoR school project

Longyeardalen and Adventdalen area

  • Kapp Linné
  • KL-B-1bedrock
  • 30 m
  • Campbell instr. (±0.05°C)
  • KL-B-2 sed./bedrock
  • 38.8m
  • Campbell instr. (±0.05°C)
  • KL-B-3 org./sed.
  • 4 m
  • Geoprecision (±0.2°C)
  • KL.B-4 snow in sed.
  • 2.8m
  • Tinytags
  • Janssonhaugen 270 m asl
  • JA-B-1 & JA-B-2
  • PACE-project
  • 102 m & 15 m
  • Campbell instr. (±0.05°C)
  • Gruvefjellet 450 m asl
  • GF-B-1
  • 5 m
  • Campbell instr. (±0.05°C)
  • Online data transfer

Lunckefjell, 900 m asl

LF-B-1

90 m

  • Larsbreen rock glacier
  • LB-B-1
  • 11.5 m
  • Geoprecision (±0.2°C)
  • Borehole deformation meas.

Breinosa 677 m asl

BN-B-1

10 m

GeoPrecision

  • Svea 15 m asl ice-cored moraine
  • SV-B-1, SV-B-2, SV-B-4 & SV-B-5
  • 8 m
  • Lakewood (±0.1°C)
  • Road construction project
  • Snowpatch 10 m asl
  • SN-B-1 thin snow
  • 10 m
  • Geoprecision (±0.2°C)
  • Thin snowcover
  • SN-B-2 thick snow
  • 5.4 m
  • Geoprecision (±0.2°C)
  • Thick snow cover (2-3 m)
  • Drilled and instrumented 15 new holes for thermal monitoring, in total 265.5 m
  • Borehole depths ranging from 4 to 90 m
  • Borehole logging in deep CO2 project boreholes to 800 m
slide10

Online permafrost temperatures

from two boreholes in Svalbard

NORPERM

slide11

NORPERM =

The Norwegian Permafrost Database

tspnorway.com

monitoring mountain permafrost
Monitoring Mountain Permafrost
  • European Monitoring Networks
    • Continental: PACE transect
    • National: Permafrost Monitoring Switzerland (PERMOS), TSP Norway
    • New boreholes in Alpine countries (PermaNET, e.g. Zugspitze, Aiguille du Midi)
  • Observed Parameters (e.g., in PERMOS)
    • Temperatures in boreholes, near-surface temperatures in the region
    • Ice and water content with ERT monitoring
    • Kinematics of creep processes (terrestrial survey and photogrammetry)
    • Inventory of rapid mass movements from permafrost areas
borehole results 2009
Borehole Results 2009

PACE and PERMOS Site Schilthorn

2970 m asl, Bernese Alps

Max. ALT 2003: 8.55 m

Max. ALT 2009: 6.99 m

source: permos

achievements and challenges
Achievements and Challenges
  • New and re-activated boreholes and active layer measurements during the IPY
  • Pilot real-time ISO-compliant temperature database (NORPERM)
  • Standardization of methodologies and metadata format
  • Coordination largely based on the internal IPA structure, with limited institutional support
  • Data delivery limited to regional initiatives
slide16

Future Strategy / Recommendations

  • GTN-P will devise a new strategy and action plan to address the growing dichotomy between its global reach and its current management capacity
  • GTN-P will provide a snapshot on the thermal state of permafrost under the leadership of the IPA for June 2010
questions to gtos sc actions
Questions to GTOS SC & Actions
  • GTOS SC to help identify the institutional partners with the capacity and expertise to host and support GTN-P’s central management.
  • Cooperation with GCW on potential synergies between GTN-P and the upcoming Global Permafrost Watch (GPW)