Kangaroo Care Effects on Autonomic Nervous System Regulation and Functional Outcomes in Premature Infants Emily Erwin and Brooke Sowards Bellarmine University Physical Therapy Program. Evidence. Introduction. Conclusion. F irst used in Bogota , Colombia as a substitute for incubators 1
Kangaroo Care Effects on Autonomic Nervous System Regulation and Functional Outcomes in Premature Infants
Emily Erwin and Brooke Sowards
Bellarmine University Physical Therapy Program
Effects of Prematurity
Kangaroo Care has been proven to affect ANS regulation, cognition, and states of consciousness in developing premature infants. These developing processes have a significant impact on sensory, motor, and cognitive functioning throughout childhood. With decreased cognitive functioning, the child is less motivated to explore their surroundings hindering their motor skill development . KC also facilitates mother child interaction which improves infants’ attentiveness and ability to interact with their environment. Preemies who received KC spent more time in quiet restful sleep states and could more effectively transition between sleep wake cycles. Restful sleep is important because this is the behavioral state where neural growth occurs. Current evidence has only investigated outcomes up to eighteen months post intervention. Future longitudinal research is needed to explore the long term effect of KC on motor and functional development throughout childhood and adolescence.