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Opportunities for On-Site Industrial Renewable Energy David Sjoding Northwest Clean Energy Application Center April 21, 2010. Northwest Clean Energy Application Center. About the Center A multi-state effort – AK, ID, MT, OR & WA WSU Extension Energy Program serves as lead

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slide1

Opportunities for On-Site Industrial Renewable Energy

David Sjoding

Northwest Clean Energy Application Center

April 21, 2010

slide2

Northwest Clean Energy Application Center

  • About the Center
  • A multi-state effort – AK, ID, MT, OR & WA
    • WSU Extension Energy Program serves as lead
    • 100 plus Regional CHP projects totaling over 1,300 MWc
    • 94% industrial projects
    • Technical assistance information, reports and case studies
    • Problem solving & trouble shooting
    • Website www.northwestcleanenergy.org
    • Support of regional & state CHP initiatives
    • CHP, district energy and waste heat recovery

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide3

Industrial Energy Efficiency and Renewables Fit Together

  • A major national effort is underway
  • 25% Reduction in energy intensity by 2017
    • Goal of U.S. Department of Energy Industrial Technologies Program
    • Goal of an 18% reduction in carbon intensity by 2018
    • Save Energy Now – Reduce energy intensity by 25% in 10 years – Lots of state energy office support

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide4

Industrial Energy Efficiency and Renewables Fit Together

  • A major national effort is underway
  • (cont.)
    • Energy Intensity – Accommodates production variation
    • Excellent fit for CHP, district energy and waste heat recovery
    • Especially Renewable CHP
    • http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide5

CHP - Combined Heat and Power

  • National Industrial CHP Goals
  • 241 GW by 2030 – 85 GW Today
    • 20% of U.S. electricity capacity for CHP – 9% today
    • CO2 Reduction of 848 MMT – 248 MMT today
    • Equivalent to 154 million cars off the road – 45 million today
    • How does this work? – CHP is very efficient 60-90%
    • It exceeds power production only systems
    • Needed policy and incentive changes vary by state and region
    • http://www1.eere.energy.gov/industry/distributedenergy/

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide6

Where does CHP fit?

  • Both sides of the equation
  • Is it an energy efficiency measure - Yes
    • Washington Energy Independence Act (I-937)
      • High efficiency CHP is included (33% thermal)
  • Is it renewable? Yes, if from a renewable energy source
    • A major opportunity for pulp and paper/forest products
  • Is it its own third category? Sometimes
    • Northwest Power Act treats CHP as a third priority behind energy efficiency and renewables

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide7

Where does CHP fit?

  • Both sides of the equation
  • (cont.)
  • Waste heat recovery fit? – Hmm, energy efficiency
    • Organic Rankine Cycle – An emerging technology for the Northwest
    • Seattle City Light with Nucor Steel kudos

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide8

Renewable CHP

  • Pulp and Paper/Forest Products
    • Yields a competitive advantage
    • Rough & Ready Lumber, Cave Junction – 1.28 MW
    • Simpson Tacoma Kraft – 60 MW
    • Reduce the Moisture! – Biomass Drying & Dewatering for CHP - Moisture reduces efficiency
    • Ensure you have the wood waste supply – If you own it, you control it
    • Washington – 142 MW of CHP ARRA Stimulus Projects – Most are wood waste CHP

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide9

Renewable CHP

  • Food processing, WWTFs, dairies, high solids composting
    • Anaerobic digesters
      • Ensure the technology/design works
      • Northern Climate precludes some designs – Insulate
      • Scrub the biogas – Be kind the genset and use the H2S
      • Parasitic load concerns
      • Good history & Bad
      • Multiple revenue streams
      • Vander Haak Dairy in Lynden, WA – 9 Revenue Streams
      • No longer any reason for technology problems

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide10

CHP Project Economics

  • Many options to improve the economics
  • Buy all, Take all power purchase arrangements
  • CHP Wheeling – Need willing utilities – Sierra Pacific
  • Additional co-products
  • Tradable Renewable Energy Credits
  • Selling carbon credits – See NW CEAC report
  • Utility ownership co-location – Amalgamated Sugar in Nampa
  • Integrated resource plans for base case
  • Fulfilling RPS & EPS requirements
  • Selling carbon credits – See NW CEAC report
  • Key Point: The days of simple “What’s your power rate?” calculations are gone

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide11

CHP Project Economics

  • And more options to improve the economics
  • State incentive grants and loans
  • Federal grants and loans – USDA Rural Development, U.S. & ARRA
  • Tax reduction incentives
  • Utility incentives
  • Key Point: Work with the project economics to get a win!

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide12

CHP Policies & Incentives

    • Kudos to Oregon
  • An amazing set of policies and incentives
    • A key was the OPUC report: Distributed Generation in Oregon: Overview, Regulatory Barriers and Recommendations www.northwestcleanenergy.org See Policy - Oregon
    • Standby rates, PURPA, net metering, decoupling, IRPs and interconnection
    • Plus BETC, Energy Trust of Oregon, Climate Trust
    • Comparative OR study by Bill Carlson: “Biomass Power as a Firm Utility Resource: Bigger Not Necessarily Cheaper”
    • Interconnection grades: Oregon a ‘B’, Washington a “D” – Source is “Freeing the Grid” by IREC

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington

slide13

Contact information

  • Northwest Clean Energy Application Center
    • Dave Sjoding
    • (360) 956-2004
    • sjodingd@energy.wsu.edu
    • www.northwestcleanenergy.org
  • Regional list of Industrial Qualified Specialists – See www.northwestcleanenergy.org
  • Regional State Energy Office Industrial Programs
    • Christine Love
    • Industrial Service Project Manager
    • (360) 956-2172
    • epis@energy.wsu.edu
    • www.energy.wsu.edu See Industrial Services

Alaska • Idaho • Montana • Oregon • Washington