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A simple sentence consists of one independent clause. An independent clause contains a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought. Ex: I went to the amusement park on Saturday.

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Happy Monday!! Add these definitions to your grammar notes


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    1. A simple sentence consists of one independent clause. An independent clause contains a subject and a predicate and expresses a complete thought. Ex: I went to the amusement parkon Saturday. • A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses that are connected by a comma and a coordinating conjunction (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). A semi-colon may be used instead of a comma and FANBOYS. Ex: I went to the amusement parkon Saturday, but my brother stayed home. Happy Monday!! Add these definitions to your grammar notes

    2. Halloween is a scary holiday. I dress up for Halloween every year. • Fall is a time for family and football. The cooler weather means it’s finally time to wear warmer clothes. • We only have four days of school this week. There will still be a lot of work to complete. Combine each sentence pair below to make a compound sentence. Remember that you need two separate subjects, two separate verbs, and a FANBOYS conjunction.

    3. Grammar homework due Friday • Expository vocabulary (+ Vocab Workshop for Pre-AP) quiz on Friday • Grades are finalized tomorrow at 7:25. Look at your grades for any errors tonight and email me TODAY if you see a problem! • 2nd Quarter Syllabus Announcements and Reminders

    4. If this is the definition of expository, what do you think the definition of expository writing will be? Expository writingDefinition of Expository: “serving to expound, set forth, or explain” Expository Writing: writing with a purpose to explain a topic or idea

    5. Organizational Styles 1. Compare/Contrast Definition:explain how 2+ more things are alike/ different Example:Explain the types of changes a student may undergo from middle school to high school. As a writer you would have to explain what the student was like before (in middle school) and what student was like after (in high school).

    6. Organizational Styles 2. Cause/Effect Definition:- identifies one or more causes and the resulting effects Example:Explain the importance of being involved in your community. As a writer you would have to explain what are different things that would causeyou to become involved in the community and what the effects of your involvement would be (could be for yourself or for the community as a whole)

    7. Organizational Styles 3. Definition Definition:- describes characteristics or features of something Example: Explain what it means to be a productive citizen. As a writer you would have to explain what are the characteristics that make a person an involved and productive citizen.

    8. “Two Ways of Seeing a River” Page 479 in Models for Writers

    9. “Two Ways of Seeing a River” Text Comprehension Chart What is the purpose of this chart? Before you can skillfully craft your own essays, we need to look out how professional writers structure their ideas. Why do they put things in a certain order? What do we want to learn from this? What organizational style does this essay follow? How does the organizational style impact the presentation of the ideas? What is the main idea of this essay? How can I write a thesis for this essay following the main idea?

    10. Simple and Compound SentencesTuesday Warm-UpFor each sentence cross out the prepositional phrases, label the subject(s) and verb(s), circle the conjunction (if there is one) and determine whether the sentence is simple or compound. • You can ask for a refund, or you can request a replacement for your product. • After the football game we went to Brittany’s house for movie night. • Jesse Owens was born in Alabama in 1913 and he became one of the world's greatest track and field athletes. • Some galaxies have clouds of dust and gas, but others do not. • Chris and Jocelyn went to the movies and out to dinner.

    11. Simple or Compound Sentence Warm-UpFor each sentence cross out the prepositional phrases, label the subject(s) and verb(s), circle the conjunction (if there is one) and determine whether the sentence is simple or compound. • Youcanaskfor a refund, oryou can request a replacement for your product. Compound • After the football game wewent to Brittany’s housefor movie night. Simple • Jesse Owens was born in Alabama in 1913 andhe became one of the world's greatest track and field athletes.Compound • Some galaxieshaveclouds of dust and gas, butothersdo not. Compound • Chris and Jocelynwentto the movies andout to dinner.Simple

    12. “Two Ways of Seeing a River”

    13. When I heard the learn’d astronomer, When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns before me, When I was shown the charts and diagrams, to add, divide, and measure them, When I sitting heard the astronomer where he lectured with much applause in the lecture-room, How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick, Till rising and gliding out I wander’d off by myself, In the mystical moist night-air, and from time to time, Look’d up in perfect silence at the stars. When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer

    14. Intellectual • Learn’d • Proofs • Charts • Figures • Columns • Diagrams • Add • Divide • Measure • Gliding • Wondered • Mystical • Time to time • Silence Versus Magical

    15. Pre-AP Imitation of “When I Heard…” When I heard the learn’d astronomer, When the proofs, the figures, were ranged in columns before me, When I was shown the charts and diagrams, to add, divide, and measure them, When I sitting heard the astronomer where he lectured with much applause in the lecture-room, How soon unaccountable I became tired and sick, Till rising and gliding out I wander’d off by myself, In the mystical moist night-air, and from time to time, Look’d up in perfect silence at the stars. Try to imitate Whitman by creating your own example of this poem. What similar situation have you been through? Leave the line in yellow, but change everything around it to fit a different scenario. Be sure to pay attention to the poem’s structure, organization, imagery, and tone.

    16. Block Day Warm-UpTransform all of these simple sentences into compound sentences by adding additional information. Remember: You need a subject and verb on each side of the conjunction (FANBOYS) for it to be a compound sentence. You also need a comma before the conjunction. • My lowest grade right now is in Biology. • I had so much fun at the Homecoming dance! • My favorite show is The Walking Dead. • After school I am going to take a nap. • I am going to be Sy from Duck Dynasty for Halloween.

    17. Organizing your own compare/contrast essay Thesis Statements • A single sentence that expresses what you want your readers to understand; the controlling idea of your essay and road map for your paper • Last sentence of your introduction

    18. Organizing your own compare/contrast essay Thesis Statements Main idea of paper (using words from the prompt) + transition word + topics/reasons of paper. Examples: Prompt: Explain the types of changes a student may undergo from middle school to high school. Many students undergo changes from middle school to high school such as becoming more responsible and feeling more stress. Prompt: Explain the importance of being involved in your community. Being involved in the community is important because it helps people stay connected and gives people pride in their community.

    19. How do I prove my claims? • Evidence • Facts or examples to prove that your ideas are true • 1. Facts and Data: • - information that you would research and cite from reliable • sources. • Ex: 80% of American households have internet access. • 2. Historical or Literary examples: • - using well known examples from history and literature to • prove a point • Ex: Rosa Parks demonstrates how one woman’s involvement in her • community impacted not only a single city but an entire country. • 3. Personal examples: • - using your own life experiences to relate to your audience • Ex: Having to balance school work and basketball practice was one element of my high school experience that caused an increased amount of stress.

    20. How do I prove my claims? • Analysis • Definition: explaining to the audience how your evidence connects to your thesis. • Good analysis (connects evidence to the big picture): Many students experience similar juggling acts as I did, trying to succeed both academically and extra curricularly. Many students lack the time management skills needed to balance all these activities, leading to an amount of stress that was not experienced in middle school. • Weak analysis (only applies to the writer): Trying to keep up with all my stuff was just crazy. It was really hard to stay focused on all the things I was supposed to do. I don’t remember feeling that way in middle school.

    21. Body Paragraph Organization Body paragraphs should follow this basic outline: *Topic Sentence (sentence 1) – shows the main idea of the paragraph (baby thesis statement) *Evidence (sentence 2) – facts/data, quotes, examples *Analysis (3 and 4) – your analysis, explanation, or interpretation of your evidence. *Concluding/Transition Sentence (5) – wraps up the main idea of the paragraph, or leads the reader into the idea of the next paragraph

    22. Body Paragraph Organization An example of an entire paragraph: One negative change that many students experience from middle school to high school is an increased amount of stress. Having to balance school work and basketball practice was one element of my high school experience that caused an increased amount of stress for me. Many students experience similar juggling acts as I did, trying to succeed both academically and extra curricularly. Many students lack the time management skills needed to balance all these activities, leading to an amount of stress that was not experienced in middle school. Even though the increased stress can be difficult, learning those time management skills are a valuable life lesson for students.

    23. Strong Transitions Your reader needs to see how your ideas connect or where your ideas are about to change. Here is a toolbox of strong transition words to use in your writing Therefore Even though However Consequently Furthermore In addition,

    24. Let’s Practice Outlining an Expository EssayGet out your notes over the Walt Whitman poem from yesterday

    25. “Why We Crave Horror Movies” Page 504 in Models for Writers

    26. With a Partner… Complete the text comprehension chart over “Why We Crave Horror Movies” (the sheet with the boxes). This needs to be turned in before the end of the period. Yes, it’s for a grade!