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BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN. AGENDA Aim of the course Theory - Tectonic as a term - Background in history of ideas - In the history of architecture Examples.

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Building technology and architectural design

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY

AND

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN


Building technology and architectural design

AGENDA

Aim of the course

Theory

- Tectonic as a term

- Background in history of ideas

- In the history of architecture

Examples

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

  • AIM OF THE COURSE

  • To provide the students an understanding enabling them to design tectonically in relation to the entity of an architectural idea with respect to structural systems and architectural room acoustics.

  • - A vocabulary in construction systems (shells, plates, frames, beams etc.)

  • Fundamental concepts related to architectural room acoustics

  • Assess the aesthetic significance of construction systems and acoustical concepts

  • Ability to work tectonically with architectural projects

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LECTURES

1st lecture (AMDS): Tectonic Concept development

Focusing on tectonic architecture where the developing of architectural concepts has been significantly influenced by both structural and aesthetic concerns

2nd lecture (PHK): Construction systems vocabulary I

Structural systems build up from beams, colums, archs, plates, frames and cables.

3rd lecture (PHK): Construction systems vocabulary II

Structural systems build up of arcs and shells.

4th lecture (PHK): Construction systems vocabulary III

Structural systems build up of arcs and shells.

5th lecture (PHK): Construction systems vocabulary III

Dynamics of structural systems.

6th lecture (PHK): Fundamental acoustics terms.

7th lecture (PHK): Definition of reverberation time and absorbing materials.

8th lecture (PHK): Room acoustic design

9th lecture (AMDS): Architectural room acoustics

An introduction to designing tectonically with room acoustic parameters.

10th lecture (PHK):Building acoustics design

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

COURSE MATERIAL

Can be downloaded from homepage www.civil.auc.dk/i5/dyn/lecture/7arsemb/7armain.htm

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONIC - ETYMOLOGY

ARCHITECT : ARCHITECTON

ARCHI+TECTON = MASTER BUILDER

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONIC - ETYMOLOGY

GREEK ‘TECTON’ : CARPENTER OR BUILDER

RELATED TO

GREEK ‘TIKTO’ : TO PRODUCE, A SIMULTANIOUS EXISTENCE OF ART AND CRAFT

ALSO RELATED TO

GREEK ‘TECHNÉ’ FOUND IN TECHNIQUE, TECHNICAL AND TECHNOLOGY

NOW UNDERSTOOD IN AN INSTRUMENTAL NATURE, AS A MEANS TO DO SOMETHING. ORIGINALLY CONNECTED TO ‘POESIS’, ARTS.

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONIC – IN THE HISTORY OF IDEAS

The intellectual experience versus the bodily experience

Galileo meets the pope

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONIC – IN THE HISTORY OF IDEAS

Around 1700-1800: Rejection of superstition but also rejection of poetic and emotional aspects of the human experience

Houses are build to live in, and not to look on; therefore, let use be preferred to uniformity, except where both may be had.’ Francis Bacon

Decartes, cogito ergo sum, one could only rely on logic, not on the bodily experience

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONIC – IN THE HISTORY OF IDEAS

A concern with tectonics can be seen as a means to mediate between the intellectual and the bodily experience

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

  • Classical architecture

  • the master builder

  • trial and error evolution in structural solutions

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

  • Break-away from master builder situation

  • Firenze Dome by Brunelleschi

  • Prestigious building, the master builder died, Brunelleschi took over

  • Building situation: not possible to scaffold, material available, only compression strength

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

End of 17th century

New materials

New ways of designing

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

The industrial revolution and modern architecture

Fascination with industrial production and building industries

Precision, lightness, mass production

Building boom

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

Critique of modernism

The ’tabula rasa’ method for being insensitive to the site and history

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

Postmodernism

Architecture as a sign, history as significant, arts, theatre and fun as sources of inspiration

architecture as transcending function and materiality, the sublime is the aim

peter eisenman

Michael Graves – the type

Peter Eisenman – coloumn and cardboard

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE

Tectonic expression as a critique of postmodern superficiality

‘Often the outcome of this idea in built terms is an unpleasant sense of an enlarged model, a lack of articulation of the parts at different scales: walls that seems to be made of cut-out cardboard, unfinished windows and openings; in sum, a general relaxing of tension from the drawing to the building. It is false to think that culture of industry or building (by now distant cultures from design) could solve the problem of detailing; this might be convenient or economic to the architect, but lead to unprecedented downfall of architecture.’

Vittorio Gregotti

..architecture is first and foremost an act of constructing, not a scenographic activity..

Kenneth Frampton

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – THE NEWEST DEVELOPMENTS

AESTHETIQUE

TECHNIQUE

RESEARCH CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT DETAILING CONSTRUCTION

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – THE NEWEST DEVELOPMENTS

TECHNIQUE

AESTHETIQUE

RESEARCH CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT DETAILING CONSTRUCTION

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

TECTONICS – THE NEWEST DEVELOPMENTS

New ways of working together between architects and engineers.

Digital tectonics, developing form through computer simulation.

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

EXAMPLES

Focusing on tectonic architecture where the developing of architectural concepts has been significantly influenced by both structural and aesthetic concerns

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

Luigi Nervi – Engineer who worked with minimizing structure, tension lines

Palazzo dello sport 1960

Portobello

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

Frei Otto – German, trained maison, pilot, leightweight construction inspired by spider webs

Olympic stadium Munich 1972

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

Hanging models to test complex tensile structures

Multihalle auf der Bundesgartenschau, Mannheim 1971(Mutschler und

Langner, Frei Otto, Ove Arup und Partner)

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

Buckminster Fuller

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

Dymaxion (Dy(namic)max(imum)ion) Deployment Unit 1940, small home for families. Emergency housing for members of the army. Inspiration from grain silos, existing industry.

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

Inspiration from nature, conciousness about resources

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

The geodesic dome ’48– the most area for least surface, improving housing of humanity

Geodesic – name from the lines of equator around the earth.

The longitudinal lines divide the sphere into two halves,

hence the term geodesic, which is from the Latin meaning "earth dividing"

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

The dome over Manhattan!

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

  • Grimshaw - Waterloo Station

  • 400-meter-long curved glass roof,

  • The length of the trains and the curve of the five new tracks determined the geometry

  • designed to use standard-size glass sheets

  • The form of the roof structure consists of thirty-seven prismatic, three-pinned bow string arches of varying spans covering the entire length of the trains

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

Grimshaw – Eden Project 2000

World’s largest artificial plant environment

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

China clay quarry in Cornwall

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

First attempt: Waterloo method

Site variation – geometrical definition difficult

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

First attempt: Waterloo method

Site variation – geometrical definition difficult

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

LIGHTNESS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

THE LINE AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

BLOBS AND NESTS AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES


Building technology and architectural design

REGULARITY / IRREGULARITY AIM OF COURSE THEORY

BUILDING TECHNOLOGY AND ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN AIM OF COURSE THEORY EXAMPLES