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AUSA Panel V. “TRAINING FOR CERTAINTY AND EDUCATING FOR UNCERTAINTY”. Panel Members. “TRAINING FOR CERTAINTY, EDUCATING FOR UNCERTAINTY”. Context. Nation at war Adaptive, asymmetric threat Protracted, full spectrum conflict Tactical missions with strategic implications

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AUSA Panel V

“TRAINING FOR CERTAINTY

AND

EDUCATING FOR UNCERTAINTY”


Panel Members

“TRAINING FOR CERTAINTY, EDUCATING FOR UNCERTAINTY”


Context
Context

  • Nation at war

  • Adaptive, asymmetric threat

  • Protracted, full spectrum conflict

  • Tactical missions with strategic implications

  • Cultural awareness impacts military operations

  • Soldiers deploy shortly after arrival at first unit

“TRAINING FOR CERTAINTY, EDUCATING FOR UNCERTAINTY”


Desired Skill Set of an Adaptive, Self Aware Leader

  • Comfortable with being uncomfortable

  • Adept at handling massive amounts of information

  • Possesses technical savvy

  • Able to devise creative solutions

    to complex challenges - thinkers

  • Able to interact with indigenous

    populations

  • Understands 2nd and 3rd order effects of actions – have global implications

  • Imbues Warrior Ethos – commands trust and confidence of Soldiers…

“TRAINING FOR CERTAINTY, EDUCATING FOR UNCERTAINTY”


TRADOC Panel V

Objectives

  • Educate audiences about how the Army is adapting training and leader development and education programs to ensure Soldiers are prepared for the complex, uncertain, challenging environments of current and future battlefields.

  • Provide diverse perspectives on anticipated requirements, resources, and challenges the Army faces in training and education.

  • Stimulate creative thought and innovative approaches to training and education for the future

“TRAINING FOR CERTAINTY, EDUCATING FOR UNCERTAINTY”


Association of the United States Army

2005 Conference

Mr. Maxie L. McFarland

Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence

United States Army Training and Doctrine Command


Commercialization of Space

Globalization

Friction between Cultures

Technology Proliferation

ENDURING TRENDS:

International Crime

Gangs & Drugs

Population and Economic Imbalance

Competition for Natural Resources


RELATIVE CERTAINTIES

KEY UNCERTAINTIES

  • Some number of states will fail

  • Conflict between states will continue

  • U.S. will remain dominant global power

  • U.S. will remain globally engaged

  • Extremism will exist

  • Which ones?

  • Where and to what degree?

  • Anti U.S. alliances and/or coalitions - Emerging regional powers

  • Engaged where?, with whom?

  • Global terrorism – rogue state – transnational organizations

THERE WILL BE CONFLICT !

WHERE? WHEN? WHO?


FUTURE OPERATIONAL ENVIRONMENT WILL BE CHARACTERIZED BY:

  • Situations that are volatile, complex, uncertain and continuously changing.

  • Threats that are combinations of traditional, irregular, unconventional and non-military.

  • Environments that are urban, culturally diverse and governmentally fractured.

  • Capabilities that are combinations of advanced, modern and low technologies.

  • Tactics, methods and end states completely asymmetric to those of the United States.


Relative Certainties for Training

Educate for Uncertainties…

  • Full spectrum problems on every mission

  • Dynamic change in tactics and technology during operations

  • Integration of coalition, allied and partner forces

  • Modular, adaptive capabilities for missions

  • Human dimension (culture) a factor in all operations

  • …So that US Leaders are competent to:

  • Operate and function with different cultures

  • Understand, leverage and apply new technology

  • Swiftly adapt to changing situations

  • Create conditions for decisive conclusion and stability


Cultural awareness

Cultural Awareness

MG Barbara G. Fast

Commander

United States Army Intelligence Center



Cultural Awareness Defined game!!

Cultural Awareness is possessing an understanding, sensitivity, and

appreciation of the history, values, experiences, behaviors, interactions,

affective understanding and lifestyles of groups that include, but, are not

limited to: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Sexual Orientation, Religious Affiliation,

Socio-economic Status and Mental/Physical Abilities.

Colorado State University Research Center

“Culture is the ‘human terrain’ of warfare. Human terrain is key terrain.”

MG(Ret) Geoffrey Lambert


Integrating Culture into Operations game!!

OPERATIONS

Competence

Decision Makers

Timeline

DEPLOYMENT

Understanding

Key Personnel

Awareness

Focused or Pre-Deployment

ONGOING TRNG

Consideration

All personnel

Cultural Intelligence

+PLUS

Advanced Training

+PLUS

Specific Training

+PLUS

“How and Why”

(Extract from “Through the Lens of Cultural Awareness”, LTC Wunderle, CGSC April 2005)


Professional Military Education Goals game!!

Soldiers and Leaders who understand and can apply cultural knowledge to enhance and improve the accomplishment of their military missions.

I. Culture: understand the basic factors (beliefs, values, behaviors and norms) that comprise the key elements of any culture.

II. American Culture: understand the basic factors (beliefs, values, behaviors and norms) that comprise the key elements of American culture, and how these factors/biases impact how other cultures are viewed/perceived.

III. COE Culture: understand the basic factors (beliefs, values, behaviors and norms) that comprise the key elements of the COE culture.

IV. Impact of Cultural Knowledge on Military Operations: the ability of Soldiers/Leaders to apply their understanding of the COE culture to the successful accomplishment of their military operations.


Cultural Awareness Initiative game!!

Goal: Establish the Fort Huachuca Cultural Center of Excellence

Build a center of applied cross-cultural training, education, applied research, and dissemination at Fort Huachuca

Forefront of applied research and development of training materials for cultures

around the world

Collaborative team (Army, DOD, university faculty, and other

government agencies)

Consists of institutional training, training the force, training the trainer and distance learning


Closing Thoughts game!!The “So What” of Cultural Awareness

NOT JUST FOR KNOWLEDGE !!!

To Facilitate application Soldiers and Leaders must :

Understand impacts of religion on how they act

Understand impacts of geography on how they act and think

Understand what may insult /offend them

Understand what is important to them

Understand the dangers of stereotyping and other biases

Understand how they (Indigenous Persons and Coalition Partners) think

Understand social relationships and structure impacts the way they think or act

Understand historical events and how they impact behaviors, beliefs and

relationships

Understand how to communicate with Coalition Partners and Indigenous Persons

Understand Cultural Awareness impact on Battle Command

And then act to apply all of the above in the decisions and actions they take

to accomplish their missions.


IET & NCOES game!!

Supporting an Army at War


Agenda game!!

  • Need to Transform Initial Entry Training (IET)

  • Current Warrior Tasks & Battle Drills (WTBD) Training in IET

  • NCOES Transformation


Transforming iet
Transforming IET game!!

  • Feed-back from OIF/OEF

  • CSA directed A-Z review of IET

  • WTBD recommendations & implementation

Relevance and Rigor

  • Weapons Training

  • Weapons Immersion

  • Increased tactical training


Current wtbd in initial entry training
Current WTBD game!!in Initial Entry Training

  • Challenges to Implementing WTBD

    • Resources

    • Cadre

    • Ranges

    • Weapons Immersion in AIT

  • Transforming Forward

    • Implementation of Weapons Immersion in AIT units

    • TRADOC & field commanders continue to evaluate how Soldiers are prepared to conduct future combat operations


  • FTX-3 game!!

    STX

    FTX-1

    FTX-2

    STX

    STX

    Initial POI Revision

    9 Week (Resourced)

    39 & 9

    NBC

    First Aid

    Bayonet

    Combatives

    Law of War/ROE

    Commo

    Guard Duty

    Land Nav

    Checkpoint

    Operations

    ARM

    Machine

    Guns

    Patriot

    Quickfire

    BRM

    Grenades

    Convoy &

    Defensive

    Operations

    Gunfighter

    Squad EXEVAL

    Application of BCT Pilot Lessons

    • Limited reinforcement time for DS

    • 3 FTXs; final FTX about right length

    • STX validation at end of each phase

    • Most days very intense for cadre/DS

    • Less time for COE training/immersion

    • Warrior Tasks and Drills focus of POI

    • Individual tasks trained in collective setting

    • After Day 5; 9 POI hours/day

    IED/Mines

    Urban

    Opns

    Basic

    Tactics

    Warrior

    Drills

    Skill

    Validation

    Warrior


    Educating NCOs game!!

    NCOES must balance the needs of the current and future force

    • Focus on leading and warfighting - today

    • Develop innovative leaders capable of leading in uncertain and complex environments

    • Technical expertise must exist inside a warrior-first mentality

    • Reinforce the foundation of ethical decision making and Army values

    • Instruction that trains leaders for next job and prepare them for future responsibilities


    Ncoes transformation strategy
    NCOES Transformation Strategy game!!

    • Develop Train-Ahead concept (facilitates Life Long Learning with guided self development)

    • Reduce resident course lengths across NCOES - without degradation of learning outcome (supports Modular Force/ARFORGEN)

    • Expand experiential learning with increased situational awareness (Agile Leaders, COE, cultural awareness, lessons learned, and conceptual learning)


    Marine corps adaptations to training leadership development

    Marine Corps Adaptations to game!!Training & Leadership Development

    BGen M. G. Spiese

    CG, Training Command


    LEADER DEVELOPMENT game!!

    ENLISTED

    MCRD

    RECRUIT

    TRAINING

    SCHOOL

    OF

    INFANTRY

    INITIAL

    MOS

    TRAINING

    ENLISTED PME

    CPL | SGT | SSGT | GYSGT | 1st SGT

    SKILL PROGRESSION BY GRADE/MOS

    OFFICER

    EXPEDITIONARY

    WARFARE SCHOOL

    THE

    BASIC

    SCHOOL

    MOS

    TRAINING

    E

    COMMAND

    AND

    STAFF

    COLLEGES

    WAR

    COLLEGES

    USARMY

    CAREERLEVELSCHOOL


    MAGTF Training game!!

    Command

    Surr. MEB Staff

    Predepl. Trng

    EPME/T – Restructure

    Entirely

    TECOEs

    Functional

    Responsibilities

    Throughout

    TECOM

    Officer PME/T

    MC Center for

    Lessons Learned

    (Forcing Function

    For Change)

    Developing the 21st Century Leader

    Leadership &

    Mentorship (Lejeune Leadership Institute)

    Lead

    Subordinate

    Leaders

    Develop

    Subordinate

    Leaders

    Develop

    Leadership

    Climate

    Develop

    Leadership

    Climate

    LeadingChange

    Preparing

    To

    Lead

    Lead

    Marines

    Leading Self

    Seminar

    Sgts Course

    Sgt

    Career Course

    SSgt

    Adv Course

    GySgt

    Corporals Course Cpl

    Symposium

    Pvt /

    2ndLt

    SgtMaj-

    MGySgt

    1stSgt-MSgt

    Captain

    Major

    LtCol & Col

    Lieutenant

    Gen

    Unit Training

    JNTC

    Professional Military

    Education/Training

    Entry

    Level

    JPME (JKDDC)

    Skill

    Progression

    Common Combat Skills Training

    GOWP

    TBS

    WOBC

    EWS

    CSC

    SAW

    EWS OFEC

    (BATTLE

    CAPT)

    TLS

    OCS/TBS

    OCS

    Leverage and Exploit DL

    Cultural

    Training

    Throughout TECOM

    Reading Program

    ROAD MAPS


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