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Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling. T. Altiok and B. Melamed. Simulation Modeling. Paradigm that creates simplified representations of complex systems Generates system histories and observes system behavior and statistics over time

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simulation modeling
Simulation Modeling
  • Paradigm that creates simplified representations of complex systems
  • Generates system histories and observes system behavior and statistics over time
  • Goals are understanding system performance and improving system design

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling

system vs its model
System vs. Its Model
  • Simplification
  • Abstraction
  • Assumptions

Model

Real System

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling

model classification
Physical (prototypes)

Analytical (mathematical)

Computer

(Monte Carlo Simulation)

Descriptive (performance analysis)

Prescriptive (optimization)

Model Classification

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling

physical prototypes
Physical (Prototypes)

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling

analytical mathematical
Analytical (Mathematical)

Single Stage Queuing Model

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling

computer monte carlo simulation
Computer (Monte Carlo Simulation)

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling

descriptive performance analysis
Descriptive(Performance analysis)

Simulation

vs.

Real World

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling

prescriptive optimization
Prescriptive (Optimization)

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling

typical uses of simulation
Typical Uses of Simulation
  • Estimating a set of productivity measures in production systems, inventory systems, manufacturing processes, materials handling and logistics operations.
  • Designing and planning the capacity of computer systems and communication networks so as to minimize response times.
  • Conducting war games to train military personnel or to evaluate the efficacy of proposed military operations
  • Evaluating and improving maritime port operations, such as container ports or bulk-material marine terminals (coal, oil or minerals), so as to find ways of reducing vessel port times.
  • Improving health care operations, financial and banking operations, transportation systems and airports, among many others.

Chapter 1 Introduction to Simulation Modeling