The Sweet Alternative. Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. Chris Stothart. Stevia rebaudiana. Outline. Overview Historical Perspective Botany Ethnobotany Chemistry Extraction & Commercial Uses Nutrition Regulation Controversies References. Stevia rebaudiana. Overview.
Historical Perspective cont.
Paraguay, Brazil, Japan, China, Korea, Mexico, USA, Indonesia, Tanzania, & Canada
Figure 4: Paraguayans harvest stevia.
3 explanations for limited historical record
1. Sweet-tasting properties were known since the beginning of time, but kept a secret
2. Natives shared plant with Spaniards, but the knowledge was disregarded or overlooked
3. Stevia’s potential as a sweetener was not discovered by natives until only a short time before European contact
Chemical structure of stevioside (left) and rebaudioside A (right)
commercially available stevia products: stevioside and rebaudioside A include Truvia, Fructevia, Krisda, & PureVia.
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