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Sexually Transmitted Infections. Common Signs and Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Infections. Chlamydia. University of Southern Mississippi. (2006). Human Papillomavirus (HPV). University of Southern Mississippi. (2006). Genital Herpes .

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Presentation Transcript
slide7

Genital Herpes

-Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) 1- is found mostly in areas above the waist (cold sores).HSV 2- is found mostly n areas below the waist (genital herpes).-Type 1 can sometimes cause genital herpes and type 2 cause cold sores (5).-Transmitted by vaginal, oral, or anal sex (8).

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Hepatitis B

-Virus that affects the liver.

-Found in salvia, blood, semen, and vaginal fluid.

-Transmission by sexual contact, sharing items such as, toothbrush, razor, or needles.

most common modes of sti transmissions
Most Common Modes of STI Transmissions

1. Sexual contact with an infected partner with no condom

2. Blood transfusion and/or contact with a cut in the skin or infected blood products

3. Sharing of needles and razors etc

4. Mother to child (pregnancy, delivery, and breastfeeding)

Oral, vaginal, and anal sex without a condom

Pregnancy, delivery or breastfeeding

Contact with blood by: a cut in the skin, needles, razors etc.

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Risk for STIs

If answered “yes” to any one question from 1-3 assume high risk

No

low

Yes

HIGH

No

low

Yes

HIGH

No

low

Yes

HIGH

Always

low

Sometimes

HIGH

Never

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Nursing Interventions

Increase knowledge and prevent spread of disease

  • Education about how to take preventative measure to decrease the spread of STI’s.
  • Discuss risk factors, and emphasize behaviors that lead to STI transmission (unprotected sex, sharing of needles, etc.).
  • Make sure information given and or explained is appropriate depending on age group, gender, culture etc. so that the particular group or individual can fully understand STI information and how to prevent the spread of disease.
  • Discuss the value of condoms, and how they reduce the risk of STI’s.Explain to the infected person what organism caused the infection, what signs and symptoms to look for, and possible complications.
  • The nurse should stress the importance of following through, and finishing any medication given for STI infections, and not to partake in sexual activity while on medication or a week after finishing medication.

Increasing compliance

  • Openly discuss and communicate in a non-judgmental manner about STI information, and facilities that are accessible when wanting more education, teaching or information about STI’s.
  • Discomfort when dealing with STI’s can be decreased when explanations of the different causes, consequences, treatments, preventative measure are discussed openly.