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Harmonizing a Melody. Chorale Style Rules: . 1. Use a Half Cadence ( I – V, IV – V, or ii – V) or an Authentic Cadence (V – I) for the final two notes of each phrase. . 2. Use mostly circle progressions. . 3. Harmonize one chord per melody quarter note. Use repeated chords sparingly. .

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slide1

Harmonizing a Melody

Chorale Style Rules:

1. Use a Half Cadence ( I – V, IV – V, or ii – V) or an Authentic Cadence (V – I) for the final two notes of each phrase.

2. Use mostly circle progressions.

3. Harmonize one chord per melody quarter note. Use repeated chords sparingly.

4. Use inversions and NHT to make a smooth bass line.

slide2

Only one of these is by Bach.

Listen and see if you can figure out which one.

CLICK ME!

slide3

Let’s look at the rules.

Cadences -

No cadence in No. 1, Authentic cadence in 1 and 2.

slide4

Let’s look at the rules.

Circle Progressions-

None in No. 1, Three each in 1 and 2.

slide5

Let’s look at the rules.

Harmonic Rhythm -

All three have one chord per melody tone, and only one repeated chord.

slide6

Let’s look at the rules.

Bass Line -

1 and 2 have a good bass line contour, but three skips around everywhere

slide7

Let’s look at the rules.

Weak Progressions -

1 has three descending 2nd progressions and one ascending 3rd progressions. The other two have no weak progressions.

slide8

The Winner Is ...

Bach wrote #2. (What God Does Is Well Done)

slide9

Harmonic Rhythm

General Rules:

1. Chords usually change on the first beat of a measure, to establish pulse or meter.

2. In 4/4 and 6/8 there is often a chord change in the middle of the measure.

3. In 3/4, if there is a chord change it is usually on the third beat.

4. A skip between two melody notes usually indicates that the melody notes are members of the same chord.

slide10

Which has the best harmonization?

Listen to determine.

CLICK ME!

Melody

Harmony 1

Harmony 2

Harmony 3

Harmony 4

slide11

Version 2 and 4 change harmony much too often.

Version 1 changes harmony on unusual beats.

Version 3 wins. 

Melody

Harmony 1

Harmony 2

Harmony 3

Harmony 4

slide12

Time for you to harmonize!

Please refer to your sheet to complete today’s activities.

There is no homework for today’s class.