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Mindfulness. EDU6882 Positive Psychology/Spirituality in Schools Wednesday March 5 th , 2013 Guest Speaker: Richard Cleveland, PhD. Outline for Our Time Together. Introduction to Richard Introduction to Mindfulness Experiencing Mindfulness Relationship of Mindfulness & Spirituality. Mom.

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mindfulness

Mindfulness

EDU6882 Positive Psychology/Spirituality in Schools

Wednesday March 5th, 2013

Guest Speaker: Richard Cleveland, PhD

outline for our time together
Outline for Our Time Together

Introduction to Richard

Introduction to Mindfulness

Experiencing Mindfulness

Relationship of Mindfulness & Spirituality

slide3

Mom

Dad

Richard

Drew

Honor

Character

Humility

Practice

Serving

Humor

richard s theoretical orientation
Richard’s Theoretical Orientation
  • SFBC
    • Brief, GOALS!
    • Strengths-based
    • Looking for exceptions
  • Existential
    • Meaning in life; finding a “why” to live
    • Reality of evil; almost “anti-Rogerian”
    • Awareness, freedom, responsibility
  • Systems
    • Brofenbrenner’s ecological systems theory
  • Positive Psychology
    • Mindfulness
    • More than cognitive flexibility, awareness and novel distinctions
    • Being intentional about being
mindfulness1
Mindfulness

Doris Heritage

14 US Track titles

5 World Cross Country titles

Competed in multiple Olympics

Coached multiple Olympic teams

slide9

Mindfulness

Mindfulness

Flow

Resiliency

Positive Psychology

Mattering

Spirituality

mindfulness2
Mindfulness

Definition

  • Purposeful, non-judgmental present-moment awareness. More than cognitive-flexibility, mindfulness incorporates novelty production.

(Gage, 2003; Gehart & McCollum, 2007; Kabat-Zinn, 2005; Langer, 2009; McCown, Reibel, Micozzi, 2011; Nanda, 2009, 2010)

mindfulness3
Mindfulness
  • “Purposeful”
  • “Non-Judgmental”
  • “Present-moment awareness”
  • “Novelty production”
  • Intentional; on-purpose; dedicating mental/cognitive energies towards the initiative
mindfulness4
Mindfulness
  • “Purposeful”
  • “Non-Judgmental”
  • “Present-moment awareness”
  • “Novelty production”
  • Acceptance; not dismissing certain observations/feelings because of pre-constructed parameters or definitions; developing a state of “being with”
mindfulness5
Mindfulness
  • “Purposeful”
  • “Non-Judgmental”
  • “Present-moment awareness”
  • “Novelty production”
  • Awareness of the present moment and what’s occurring in that moment; starting with the self and working outwards; an ebb & flow of attending, reflecting or processing
mindfulness6
Mindfulness
  • “Purposeful”
  • “Non-Judgmental”
  • “Present-moment awareness”
  • “Novelty production”
  • Building off of acceptance and intentionally stretching or going beyond pre-constructed parameters, definitions, etc.
mindfulness7
Mindfulness
  • Theory
    • Eastern philosophy roots
    • Western tradition distinct
    • Malleable perspectives
    • Novelty production
mindfulness8
Mindfulness
  • Empirical Findings
    • Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)
      • Eating disorders, Addiction, Depression, Anxiety, Suicide
      • Depression
    • Mindful instruction mitigated gender differences in mathematics performance. Anglin, Pirson, & Langer (2008)
    • Mindfulness improved students mapping performance (both names of places as well as spatial proximity). Carson, Shih, & Langer (2001)
mindfulness9
Mindfulness
  • Empirical Findings
    • Mindfulness correlates with overall adolescent well-being. Ciarrochi, Kashdan, Leeson, Heaven, & Jordan (2011)
    • Mindfulness improved student executive functioning. Flook, Smalley, Kitil, Galla, Kaiser-Greenland, Locke, Ishijima, & Kasari (2010)
    • Mindfulness improved student productivity. Jennings, Foltz, Snowberg, Sim, & Kemeny (2011)
slide18

Processing (4 thoughts)

  • How might someone feel participating in this meditation?
  • What might surprise someone participating in this meditation?
  • How might this connect with someone’s spirituality?
  • How might this connect with the PK-12 educational environment?

Mindfulness Reflection Meditation

[adapted from McCown et al., 2011]

mindfulness spirituality
Mindfulness  Spirituality

Buddhism

Momentum from Dalai Lama

Continued by Jon Kabat-Zinn (MBSR)

Social-Psychological Construct

Mindfulness ≠ Spirituality

Mindfulness = Spirituality

mindfulness spirituality1
Mindfulness & Spirituality
  • Mindfulness & Spirituality
    • ThichNhatHanh

Kingdom of God & Pure Land of the Buddha

    • Cognitive Flexibility vs. Novelty Production in Spirituality
    • Diligence in Spirituality
being mindful in practice life
Being Mindful in Practice/Life
  • Breathing Techniques
      • Centering on the breath as an illustration of what we do and do not have control over; generating feelings of empowerment, etc.
  • Cultivating awareness of and directing focus
      • Individual, small group, even classroom guidance
  • Vehicle for social/emotional, interpersonal skills
      • Similar to Second Step, STR, etc. an approach for creating self and other awareness
  • Don’t just preach mindfulness, live mindfulness

Tadlock-Marlo, R. L. (2011). Making minds matter: Infusing mindfulness into school counseling. Journal of Creativity in Mental Health, 6(3), 220-233.

being mindful in practice life1
Being Mindful in Practice/Life
  • Living Mindfulness
    • Demonstrating intentionality, awareness, etc. and creating opportunity for students to experience this as well
  • In-Session Activities or as “Homework” (Ohrt & Young, 2012)
    • Grounded in theoretical and empirical support
    • Used intentionally with clear rationale, purpose/goals, and expected outcomes
    • Invite rather than force participation and recognize/allow opportunity to decline while processing apprehension
  • Mindfulness as “Reflection +”
    • More than what has taken place, what is taking place?
being mindful in practice life2
Being Mindful in Practice/Life
  • Koan
    • Introducing “Being With” paradox
  • Mindfulness Meditative Attending
    • More than just deep breathing
    • Centering one’s self
    • http://youtu.be/9TyU2ejdnYs
  • Mindfulness in Schools Project
    • .b curriculum
    • Training/Directing attention
    • TEDtalk re: .b curriculum
    • http://youtu.be/6mlk6xD_xAQ
being mindful in practice life3
Being Mindful in Practice/Life
  • Site CGCP alignment with professional/ethical guidelines (ACES, ACA, ASCA, ASERVIC, CACREP, etc.)
  • Recognizing your “spiritual” lens
  • Identity as School Counselor (e.g. theoretical orientation)
  • Daily Ritual (Wicks, 2007)
  • Life Map/Spirituality Map (Hodge, 2006)
thank you
Thank you!

Richard Cleveland, PhD

Counselor ProCert Coordinator

Assessment & Accreditation Assistant

Seattle Pacific University

(206)281.2384

rclevela@spu.edu

http://richardcleveland.me

Twitter: RichieKinz