“We’re Glad We Got the Convicts and You Got the Puritans” – Australian Journalist - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

we re glad we got the convicts and you got the puritans australian journalist n.
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“We’re Glad We Got the Convicts and You Got the Puritans” – Australian Journalist

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  1. “We’re Glad We Got the Convicts and You Got the Puritans” – Australian Journalist • Stereotypes of first Massachusetts settlers (& Indians?) • “Pilgrims” and “Puritans” – what’s the difference? • Later literary representations • Reaction to 18th & 19th c. religious revival movements • “Thanksgiving” traditions started much later • Protestant Reformation in England & Holland • Puritan theocracy – compare with other colonial governments • “Citie on a hille” (Winthrop’s “Model of Christian Charity”) • An “errand in the wilderness”

  2. Massachusetts Rhode Island New York Pennsylvania Maryland Virginia Georgia Separation of church & state Toleration of religious (& linguistic, cultural) diversity Pacifism (or militarism) Drinking, dancing etc. Sense of community Land ownership/voting rights Literacy/print culture Indentured servitude/slavery Relations with Native Americans American Traditions?

  3. “Banned in Boston” • Early dissenters from Puritanism • Roger Williams – banished 1635, founded RI • Translated Indian languages • Preached that Indian religion equal to Christianity • RI founded on basis of religious liberty • Anne Hutchinson – banished 1637, moved to RI • Weekly women’s meetings, rejected all laws in favor of personal intuition of God’s grace – “Antinomianism” • Accused of heresy by rural ministers • Quakers – banished, whipped, mutilated, hanged • Salem witch trials – socioeconomic schism?

  4. “Merie Mount • 1625: Thomas Morton arrives in MA • Rebels against partner who sold indentured servants • Took over Mt. Wollaston north of Boston (modern Quincy) • Educated aristocrat, London gigolo, bold, inventive & irreverent • Wild times – renamed “Merry mount” by Puritans • Raised a Maypole, invited Indians to party, sold them liquor & guns • “drinking both wine and strong waters in great excess” • “dancing and frisking together like so many fairies – and worse practices.. . As if this joylity would have lasted ever” –Wm. Bradford • Competed with Pilgrims in fur trade, also for young colonists & servants • Captured after “battle”, banished (1628) but returned, rebanished • Wrote satire of saints, Ne England Canaan