el p ret rito y el imperfecto n.
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El p retérito y el imperfecto. You learned to use the preterite tense to talk about actions completed in the past. The imperfect tense describes events that occurred in the past. The imperfect is used: To speak about background events in a story

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You learned to use the preterite tense to talk about actions completed in the past. The imperfect tense describes events that occurred in the past.

The imperfect is used:

  • To speak about background events in a story
  • To talk about something you used to do as a habit
  • To speak about how old someone was
  • To say what time it was
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To form the imperfect tense, you take the root of the verb (before the –ar, -er, or –ir ending) drop the ending, then add the following:

-AR verbs -Er / -IR verbs

special meanings
Special meanings
  • Conocer :
  • Conocía Juan hace cinco años. I met Juan five years ago.(completedaction)
  • En aquella época conocíamos muy bien la ciudad. At that time we knew the city very well. (no definitebeginningorend)
  • Querer:
  • María quiso comprar la casa. Maria tried to buy the house. (completed action)
  • Juan queríacomprar la casa. Juan wanted to buy the house. (no definite beginning or end)
  • No querer:
  • María no quiso comprar la casa. Maria refused to buy the house. (completedaction)
  • Juan no quería comprar la casa. Juan did not want to buy the house.(no definite beginning or end)
special meanings1
Special meanings
  • Saber:
  • María lo supo ayer. Maria found out yesterday. (completed action)
  • Juan sabía que María estudiaba. Juan knew that Maria was studying. (no definitebeginningorend)
  • Poder:
  • María pudo levantar la mesa. Maria succeeded in lifting the table.(completed action)
  • Juan podíaparticipar en el concierto. Juan was able to participate in the concert. (no definite beginning or end)
  • Tener:
  • María tuvo una carta de su mamá. Maria received a letter from her mom.(completed action)
  • Juan tenía un cochenuevo. Juan used to have a new car. (no definite beginning or end)
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When I was little, I played hide-and-seek with my cousins and friends.

_________________________________________________________________________________________

2.My little brother always told jokes. There was much laughter!

_________________________________________________________________________________________

3.Did you climb trees or did you jump rope yesterday?

______________________________________________________________________________________

4. My little sister always built with blocks. She was creative.

______________________________________________________________________________________

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5.My best friend (fem) was animated and sociable. ______________________________________________________________________________________

6.I liked school a lot (watch out, think about gustar and how it would be conjugated for one item) and I got good grades. It was really easy! ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7. When my great-grandmother was little, her family was poor, but they were happy. ______________________________________________________________________________________

8. Last week all my relatives came to the party to celebrate my birthday. ______________________________________________________________________________________

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9. There were twins in my class last year.

______________________________________________________________________________

10. My mother was successful in returning (to return) to work after having my sister.

______________________________________________________________________________________

11. I was always embarrassed in school and my face was always red.

______________________________________________________________________________________

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12. My dad was always careful when he played with us.

______________________________________________________________________________________

13. My sister’s boyfriend was jealous when she spent time with her friends.

______________________________________________________________________________________

14. In school, my sister was shy, but at home, she was fun and animated.

______________________________________________________________________________

p o i
¿P o I?

Cuandoyo 1.___________(ser) joven, mi mejoramiga 2. _______________(llamarse) Yolanda, perosuapodo 3. __________________(ser) Yoli. Yoli y yosiempre 4. _____________ (andar) juntas.

A nosotrasnos 5. ______________gustar) hacerlasmismascosas. Porejemplo, a ella le 6.______________ (gustar) escribircuentos y a mi me 7. _______________(gustar) escribirpoemas. Yo 8.___________________(compartir) mis ideas con ella. Ella me 9._______________(influir) mucho.

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Un díaYoli10. _____________(estar) en mi casa cuandome 11. ____________(decir), “¿Porqué no vamos al centrocomercial?” Aunque me

12. ______________(parecer) buena idea, yo 13.____________(saber) que no 14.___________ (poder) ir sin pedirpermiso a mis papas. Peromispapás 15. ______________(estar) en el trabajo. “¡Anda, vamos!” me 16._______________(repetir) hasta que me 17._______________(convencer).

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Al llegar al centrocomercial, la primera persona que 18.______(ver) 19._____________(ser) mi tía. Mitíainmediatamente 20._____________(llamar) a mis padres paradecirlesque 21._________________(estar) fuera de casa sin permiso.Esedía, 22. __________ (resolver) jamáshacerlecaso a Yoli.