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Kalpana The Star 9th Grade, 9th Grade, English 10th Grade, English d 10th G, English Second Language Second Semester
Introduction • Kalpana Chawla, the first Indian woman astronaut, was bold enough to make her career in aeronautics. • She was a source of inspiration to her friends and colleagues. • She is a role model for many young Indian women. This is an imaginary interview conducted in her own school. • Kalpana Chawla did a nearly a billion Indians proud when she embarked on her first space mission on November 19, 1997.
Born in Karnal in Punjab on July 1, 1961, Chawla completed her schoolings from the Tagore School in the city in 1976 and later took a degree in aeronautical engineering from Punjab Engineering College in 1982. • Chawla had a passion for flying and enjoyed hiking, back packing and reading. • Chawla went on to do her Masters in aerospace engineering from University of Texas in 1984 and later Doctorate of philosophy in aerospace engineering from university of Colorado in 1988.
In 1998 Kalpana Chawla started work at NASA Ames Research center in the area of powered- lift computational fluid dynamics. • In 1993 Kalpana Chawla joined Overset Methods Inc., Los Altos, California, as Vice President and Research Scientist to form a team with other researchers specializing in simulation of moving multiple body problems. • Her first space mission began on November 19, 1997 as part of the six-astronaut crew that flew the Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87. • In 2000 she was selected for her second flight as part of the crew of STS-107.
NASA EXPERIENCE • Selected by NASA in December 1994, Kalpana Chawla reported to the Johnson Space Center in March 1995 as an astronaut candidate in the 15th Group of Astronauts. • After completing a year of training and evaluation, she was assigned as crew representative to work technical issues for the Astronaut Office EVA/Robotics and Computer Branches. • Her assignments included work on development of Robotic Situational Awareness Displays and testing space shuttle control software in the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory. • In November, 1996, Kalpana Chawla was assigned as mission specialist and prime robotic arm operator on STS-87. • In January 1998, she was assigned as crew representative for shuttle and station flight crew equipment, and subsequently served as lead for Astronaut Offices Crew Systems and Habitability section. She flew on STS-87 (1997) and STS-107 (2003), logging 30 days, 14 hours and 54 minutes in space.
SPACE FLIGHT EXPERIENCE • STS-87 Columbia (November 19 to December 5, 1997). STS-87 was the fourth U.S Microgravity Payload flight and focused on experiments designed to study how the weightless environment of space affects various physical processes, and on observations of the Sun's outer atmospheric layers. • Two members of the crew performed an EVA (spacewalk) which featured the manual capture of a Spartan satellite, in addition to testing EVA tools and procedures for future Space Station assembly. STS-87 made 252 orbits of the Earth, traveling 6.5 million miles in in 376 hours and 34 minutes. • STS-107 Columbia (January 16 to February 1, 2003). The 16-day flight was a dedicated science and research mission. • Working 24 hours a day, in two alternating shifts, the crew successfully conducted approximately 80 experiments. • The STS-107 mission ended abruptly on February 1, 2003 when Space Shuttle Columbia and the crew perished during entry, 16 minutes prior to scheduled landing.
Memorial • Shortly after her last mission, India renamed its first weather satellite 'Kalpana-1' in her honor. • She died a hero and a role-model for many young women, particularly those in her hometown of Karnal where she periodically returned to encourage young girls to follow in her footsteps. • Her brother, Sanjay Chawla , remarked "To me, my sister is not dead. She is immortal. Isn't that what a star is? She is a permanent star in the sky. She will always be up there where she belongs."
Warm – up Activity VOCABULARY What qualities make a person dynamic? Identify them from the list of qualities given below: • enthusiastic • energetic • vigorous • active • magnetic • powerful • hardworking • courageous • adventurous
Activity Find the Odd Person / Odd Word out. 1. a) Biology b) Biomedicine c) Biochemistry d) Biotechnology 2. a) Astrologer b) Astronomer c) Astronauts d) Cosmonauts 3. a) Glider b) Air Plane c) Tail Wheel Plane d) Parachute 4. a) Yuri Gagarin b) Kalpana Chawla c) Valentina Tereshkova d) Neil Armstrong 5. a) Aircraft b) Satellite c) Space Shuttle d) Orbit
Activity Grammar Read aloud the words given in the box. Classify them into two groups: 1. Words beginning with a consonant sound. 2. Words beginning with a vowel sound air, beautiful, captain, dolphin, engineer, foreigner, government, honest, inkpot, jump, kangaroo, monster, shell, church, parachute, judge, universe, pleasure, yeast, organism, yellow, owl, aunt.
Activity COMPREHENSION AND COMPOSITION Circle the alphabet of the correct alternative. 1. What is the expansion of ISRO? a. International Space Research Organisation b. Indian Space Research Organisation c. Indian Scientific Research Organisation 2. We see death as part of the circle of life - These are the words of a. A.B. Vajpayee b. ClaudieHaignere c. PasspornSukmarg
Activity 3. The distance travelled by Chawla in the 16 day trip during which she made 252 orbits of the Earth is a. 65 million miles b. 650 million miles c. 6.5 million miles 4. Kalpana Chawla completed her schooling from a. Gandhi School b. Vivekananda School c. Tagore School 5. The laboratory which was well equipped for conducting experiments is a. Space Research Laboratory b. Space Hab Laboratory c. Bio-reactor Laboratory
Activity COMPREHENSION AND COMPOSITION Some events and incidents in the life of Kalpana Chawla are given below in a jumbled manner. Write them in the sequence as they occurred in her life. 1. acquiring master’s degree 2. renaming of METSAT after Kalpana Chawla’s name 3. admission to Punjab Engineering College 4. the first flight on board the Columbia 5. Chawla travelling 65 million miles 6. earning a PhD. degree