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Poultry Improvement Project. Disease Prevention. Diseases. Causes are from: Hereditary Physiological Nutritional Animate Examples include bacteria and protozoan Managerial Others Poisons, dusts, etc. How Diseases Spread?. By introducing diseased birds to healthy flocks.

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Poultry improvement project

Poultry Improvement Project

Disease Prevention


Diseases
Diseases

  • Causes are from:

    • Hereditary

    • Physiological

    • Nutritional

    • Animate

      • Examples include bacteria and protozoan

    • Managerial

    • Others

      • Poisons, dusts, etc.


How diseases spread
How Diseases Spread?

  • By introducing diseased birds to healthy flocks.

  • By introducing healthy birds who may be carriers to healthy flocks.

  • Contact with objects that have the disease on them such as water dishes, crates, and feeders.


Poultry improvement project

  • Carcasses of dead birds that have not been disposed of properly.

  • Impure water, such as surface drainage water.

  • Rodents and free-flying birds.

  • Insects; for example fowl pox is commonly transmitted by the mosquito.

  • Shoes and clothing of people.

  • Contaminated feed and feed bags.

  • Contaminated soil or litter.

  • Airborne (especially in large #’s of chickens)


Vaccinations
Vaccinations properly.

  • A vaccination is like an insurance policy.

  • For viruses it is one of the best ways to control disease.

    • When to Vaccinate:

      • Purchase day-old chicks vaccinated at the hatchery against Marek’s Disease.

      • Vaccinate for Newcastle at 7 days and at 4 weeks of age.