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OBSERVATIONS VS. INFERENCES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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OBSERVATIONS VS. INFERENCES. Observations. Quantitative – measureable or countable 3 meters long 4 marbles 50 kilograms 35 degrees Celsius Qualitative – describable, not measureable I see red flowers. It smells like fresh baked cookies in here. This feels cold!

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OBSERVATIONS

VS.

INFERENCES


Observations
Observations

Quantitative – measureable or countable

3 meters long

4 marbles

50 kilograms

35 degrees Celsius

Qualitative – describable, not measureable

I see red flowers.

It smells like fresh baked cookies in here.

This feels cold!

This sounds really loud.


Observations1

Observations

vs.

Inferences


Observation
OBSERVATION

LIMITED TO THE FIVE SENSES


Quantitative observations
QUANTITATIVE OBSERVATIONS

INCLUDE NUMERICAL VALUE (QUANITY)


Qualitative observations
QUALITATIVE OBSERVATIONS

QUALITIES OF THE ITEM


Inference
INFERENCE

EXPLANATION

OR

CONCLUSIONS BASED ON OBSERVATIONS


Inference1
INFERENCE

WE DO NOT OBSERVE AN INFERENCE.

WE USE OBSERVATIONS TO CREATE INFERENCES


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