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Era of Good Feelings: 1815-1825. After the War of 1812. Americans gain international respect Republicans are the only political party James Monroe president Economic prosperity “Era of Good Feelings”. Shift in Republican Ideology: Federalism without Elitism. Favored industrialization

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Presentation Transcript
after the war of 1812
After the War of 1812
  • Americans gain international respect
  • Republicans are the only political party
  • James Monroe president
  • Economic prosperity
  • “Era of Good Feelings”
shift in republican ideology federalism without elitism
Shift in Republican Ideology:Federalism without Elitism
  • Favored industrialization
  • Loose constructionism
  • Nationalism, not states’ rights
laws of 1816
Laws of 1816
  • Tariff of 1816
  • Bank of U.S. re-chartered
  • Military Expansion
first wave of industrialization
First Wave of Industrialization
  • Samuel Slater founded cotton textile industry in America – mill work
  • Eli Whitney – interchangeable parts
transportation revolution part one
Transportation Revolution: Part One
  • As the West opened up it became essential for transportation to improve
  • Steamboat and canal would make rivers and lakes an even more efficient travel option
erie canal 1825
Erie Canal, 1825
  • Opened up the American frontier and made westward expansion inevitable.
  • Make New York Harbor the nation‘s #1 port
  • Shaped social and economic development
national cumberland road
National (Cumberland) Road
  • First highway built entirely with federal funds
  • By 1818 the road stretched from Maryland to Ohio
  • In the 1830s construction ceased due to lack of funding
hudson river art school
Hudson River Art School
  • Led by Thomas Cole
  • Images of American wilderness in the Hudson River Valley (N.Y.) and newly opened West.
henry clay s american system
Henry Clay’s American System
  • National bank
  • Protective tariff
  • Internal improvements
  • New England and New York were against internal improvements
  • South and Southwest were against the protective tariff
missouri compromise 1820
Missouri Compromise 1820
  • Missouri’s admittance would upset balance of 11 free and 11 slave states
  • Tallmadge Amendment proposed
  • Compromise:

1. Missouri enters as a slave state but prohibited slavery in the rest of the Louisiana Purchase north of 36 degrees and 30 minutes north latitude (Missouri Compromise Line)

2. Maine enters as a free state

john marshall
John Marshall
  • Loose constructionist, strong Federalist
  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward(1819)
  • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

“Let the end be legitimate, let it be within the scope of the constitution, and all means which are appropriate, which are plainly adapted to that end, which are not prohibited, but consistent with the letter and spirit of the constitution, are constitutional.” – John Marshall

monroe doctrine 1823
Monroe Doctrine, 1823
  • 1821- America recognizes independence of Spain’s Latin America colonies
  • Monroe fearful that Latin American nations would be taken over again, issued this
  • Warned that western hemisphere is closed to European colonization
education
Education
  • Most children who received education did so with private tutors in the home
  • Massachusetts leads way in public financing for education: Boston’s English Classical School (1821) was the first public high school in the country
  • Concept of training teachers just beginning
noah webster
Noah Webster
  • 1828-Webster’s dictionary contained 70,000 words
  • He wrote his dictionary to have a uniform American, not British, language since different parts of the country used different spellings
federal architecture 1780 1820
Federal Architecture 1780-1820
  • Found mainly in the East in homes owned by the wealthy (or in public buildings) the architecture was inspired by ancient Roman architecture, the first republic!