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Calais, ME-St. Stephen,NB Border Crossing Project A Case Study. Agenda. Introduction Planning, coordination, and permitting Considerations during Design Considerations during Construction Lessons learned. Introduction. New crossing discussed for about 30 years

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Presentation Transcript
agenda
Agenda
  • Introduction
  • Planning, coordination, and permitting
  • Considerations during Design
  • Considerations during Construction
  • Lessons learned
introduction
Introduction
  • New crossing discussed for about 30 years
  • 8th busiest commercial crossing along the U.S. / Canadian border
  • Annual traffic – 2.9 million vehicles
  • 7,500 AADT including 550 heavy trucks
  • Delays inbound to the U.S. can be up to 2 hours
  • Truck traffic entering Maine has doubled since NAFTA implementation (70,000 to 140,000 annually)
project management
Project Management
  • Maine and New Brunswick DOTs share the costs of bridge design/construction on a 50/50 basis
  • MaineDOT: Bridge design lead
  • MaineDOT: Project Manager for the bridge construction portion
agencies u s
Agencies — U.S.
  • FHWA – lead federal agency
  • MaineDOT
  • GSA – cooperating agency
  • U.S. Department of Homeland Security
    • Customs and Border Protection
    • U.S. Border Patrol
  • U.S. Department of State
agencies canada
Agencies — Canada
  • New Brunswick Department of Transportation
  • Transport Canada
  • Canada Border Services Agency
  • Canada Revenue Agency
  • Citizenship & Immigration Canada
  • Foreign Affairs Canada
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police
slide10
Four Alternatives including no action considered
  • Alternatives 2A and 3 deemed viable
  • Chosen: Alternative 3 Calais Industrial Park
timeline
Timeline
  • Preliminary design and NEPA compliance – started 1999
  • FHWA issued FONSI in July 2002
  • Final design and permittingJuly 2002 – September 2006
  • Construction Begins
    • NBDOT - Spring 2006
    • MaineDOT – Spring 2007
    • GSA and CBSA - 2007
  • Open to traffic - Fall 2008
this last year
This Last Year…
  • January 2006 – Reevaluation of 2001 Environmental Assessment
  • May 2006 – Army Corps of Engineers request for details
  • June 2006 – Maine DOT replies
  • June 2006 - US Coast Guard Approval
  • Sept 2006 – Army Corps of Engineers approval
  • Project tendered September 27, 2006
planning
Planning
  • Maine and New Brunswick circulated studies at same time
    • Changes in process (New Brunswick was very flexible)
    • Public Involvement
      • 9 PAC meetings, 2 public meetings, and 1 formal public hearing
  • MaineDOT – GSA enter into a cost reimbursement agreement for NEPA
international coordination
International Coordination
  • Partnership, respect for others’ process, flexibility
  • International Stakeholders workshops
    • Every 6 months to 1 year throughout the process
    • International partnering agreement
    • Master schedule discussed and developed
    • Good forum for troubleshooting problems like labor issues
    • Communication between workshops
  • Find ways to maintain national focus for future funding purposes
    • TBWG, BSPC, etc.
permitting coast guard bridge permit
Permitting — Coast Guard Bridge Permit
  • Required for an international bridge
  • Cooperating agency under NEPA
  • Bridge permit
    • 40% plans required
    • Approved Presidential Permit is also required
    • Long lead time is necessary
permitting presidential permit
Permitting – Presidential Permit
  • U.S. Department of State 2003-2005
  • No precedent for the northern border
    • First one in at least 30 years
  • Guidelines for complete application
    • State Dept. distributes application to at least 55 agencies for comment and determinations
    • Prepared and circulated own EA and FONSI as part of their process as well
treaties and approvals
Treaties and Approvals
  • Transport Canada – New Brunswick agreement
    • This project spurred a new Canadian equivalent of the U.S. Presidential Permit process
  • International Boundary Commission approval
  • International Joint Commission or exchange of diplomatic notes required between Foreign Affairs Canada and U.S. State Department
  • MaineDOT - New Brunswick agreement to construct and reimburse
design considerations u s
Design Considerations — U.S.
  • Inspection facility – increased in size from 20 to 50 acres. (Post 911)
  • MaineDOT – GSA cost reimbursement agreements
  • Advance notice for materials and people crossing the border
  • Buy America clause for steel
  • MaineDOT – NBDOT funding and management agreement
  • Bridge contractor ‘fact sheet’ and prequalification
  • Coordination between GSA and MaineDOT of design issues; staging issues, exchange of plans, etc.
considerations during construction labor
Considerations During Construction - Labor
  • Labor and requirements for foreign workers
  • Human Resources Development Canada-Canadian Labor Market Opinion
  • CBSA – immigration
  • Maine Dept of Labor
  • Security and background check
  • Ideal worker – dual citizenship, no criminal record
considerations during construction security
Considerations During Construction - Security
  • Security during construction
    • U.S. Border Patrol
    • RCMP
  • Movement of workers; must be able to cross border within project limits
    • No precedent on this issue
lessons learned
Lessons Learned
  • Partnerships among agencies on both sides of the border that are built to last
  • Respect for others and stay flexible
  • Communicate and communicate some more
  • Combine NEPA/Presidential Permit Process as much as possible
  • Maximize the use of the cooperating agencies
  • Taxation issues for international bridge projects are complex
project status
Project Status

International Bridge Construction (11.58 Million)

  • March 2007 – Summer 2008

U.S. Inspection Facility

  • Summer 2007 – Fall 2008

US Route 1 (9.33 Million):

  • April 2007 – Summer 2008

NB Route 1:

  • Spring 2007

Canadian Inspection Facility

  • Summer 2007 – Fall 2008