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Presented at: The SP - PPW, JN CC - 26/11/13 by, Jeanne K. Ndyetabura - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SOCIAL PROTECTION INITIATIVES IN THE COUNTRY & Potential Opportunities to Accelerate initiatives to Improve Livelihood for Vulnerable Groups. Presented at: The SP - PPW, JN CC - 26/11/13 by, Jeanne K. Ndyetabura Asst Commissioner for Social Welfare MoHSW. Introduction. Concepts

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SOCIAL PROTECTION INITIATIVES IN THE COUNTRY&Potential Opportunities to Accelerate initiatives to Improve Livelihood for Vulnerable Groups

Presented at: The SP - PPW, JN CC - 26/11/13

by, Jeanne K. Ndyetabura

Asst Commissioner for Social Welfare




  • Social Protection

    • “Social protection” is systems and programs intended to promote access to essential human needs in the areas of health, water and sanitation, education and vocational training, food, housing, and life-and-asset saving.

  • Vulnerable groups

    • Persons experiencing or at risk of experiencing lack of basic welfare and protection needs and services including the Elderly, Persons with disabilities, destitute families and the most vulnerable children

Social protection initiatives
Social Protection Initiatives

  • (NSGRP II) − identifies social protection (SP) as one of the key government priorities. It proposes to mobilize and engage public and private sectors to eradicate the growing social and economic vulnerability in Tanzanian Society

  • The NSPF hence, is a mechanism by which stakeholders’ efforts are coordinated and harmonized to improve the lives of the poor, particularly the most vulnerable groups, including people with disabilities, orphans, most vulnerable children, widows, the elderly and the abject poor.

The situation
The Situation

Coverage in identification of MVC,

  • to date 110 Districts have identified MVCs, in 1685 wards and 8249 villages/mitaa have been covered. A total of 894,519 MVC with 474,095 girls and 420,424 boys have been identified and provided with basic services. Id. Scale up continues.

    Disability Status in Tanzania

  • Results of the 2008 Survey on disability in Tanzania, as summarised in Tables 2.2 and 2.3, revealed that 7.8 percent of the population aged 7 years and above had some form of activity limitation disability.

The situation1
The Situation.....

  • Institutional care of Orphans and vulnerable children

    • A countrywide assessment conducted in 2012 revealed an existence of 282 children’ homes housing about 11,216 children (6089 boys and 5127 girls).

    • Out of the 282 Homes only 112 are registered and have a licence to operate

The situation2
The situation.....

  • Disability Status in Tanzania

    • Results of the 2008 Survey on disability in Tanzania, as summarised in Tables 2.2 and 2.3, revealed that 7.8 percent of the population aged 7 years and above had some form of activity limitation disability. Prevalence is higher on the Mainland (7.8 percent)

Policy and legal framework

  • Services provided by the Department of Social Welfare are guided by various policies, laws and guidelines namely:-

    • National Aging Policy (2003),

    • National Disability Policy (2004),

    • National Health Policy (2007),

    • National Social Welfare Policy (in final process)

    • The Persons with Disability Act, Na. 9/2010

    • The Law of the Child Act (2009),

    • The Anti - Human Trafficking Act (2008)

  • Includes their regulations and implementation guidelines

Social welfare and protection services to vulnerable groups
Social Welfare and Protection services to vulnerable groups

  • The Department of Social Welfare (DSW), has mandatory responsibility to provide social welfare and protection services to the Most vulnerable groups

  • Provides most non-contributory services, which range from healthcare services to income transfer programs

  • Collaborate with other key sectors, stakeholders and LGAs

  • The provision of services is structured through three sections namely; Family, Child Welfare/protection and ECD; Services to People with Disabilities and the Elderly; and Juvenile Justice and correctional Services.

Existing support programs and implementation

So far 2 main recorded social protection programs

  • National community based care, support and protection of most vulnerable children (MVC Programme) Implemented through its NCPAll

  • Tanzania Social Action Fund (TASAF lll) implemented through its ‘Productive Social Safety Net (PSSN) by engaging in Public works, Conditional Cash transfers, and unconditional CTs

Ncpa ll for mvc tasaf

  • Community based and community targeting and community participatory in Id.

  • Potential for scale up to full country coverage

  • Targeting the most vulnerable

  • Coordinated through a Government system, strengthening collaboration with other stakeholders

Other services targeting vulnerable groups
Other Services targeting vulnerable groups

  • To The Elderly and People with disabilities

    • Institutional care in 17 government owned Homes and 24 private owned homes

    • Counselling services

    • Re-integration and reunification with their family

    • Community based rehabilitation program and resettlement (about 50 houses built for them)

    • Educational support to 500 children of the beneficiaries

    • Formation of Micro-credit groups and provision of seed money used as a revolving fund - This program implemented by the DSW in collaboration with ‘German Leprosy and TB Relief Association

    • Vocational training for PWDs in 2 Vocational Rehabilitation Centers

Other services
Other Services.....

  • Exemption in cost sharing health services according to the National Ageing Policy (2003) and Nat. Health Policy (2007)

  • To Vulnerable Families

    • Destitute Emergence Aid poor and vulnerable families

    • Counseling and psychosocial support services

    • Marital counseling, Reconciliation and Mediation.

    • President’s bounty for triplets

    • Response to GBV and VAC

    • Rehabilitation, support, and reintegration of victims of Human Trafficking

    • Crisis Intervention and disaster management

    • CT & CCT through TASAF Productive Social Safety Net to HHs with identified MVC

Other services1
Other Services

  • To MVC

    • Education support

    • Provision of basic needs – food/nutrition, shelter, health services, psychosocial support and counseling

    • Foster care and adoption

    • ECD services

    • Child protection services

    • Legal support services

    • Family re-unification

All Children




Who are the MVC?: (The diagram below is intended to help understand the

subset of most vulnerable children)


  • Through the situation assessment and various studies ,major categories of MVC characterised by sugnificant unmet basic needs:-

    They include but are not limited to:

    • Children living in abject poverty

    • Children living in elderly-headed households with

    • Children in households with a disabled or chronically sick caregiver,

    • Orphans, chronically ill or children with disabilities living in households.

    • Children victims of trafficking or in bonded labor

    • Children victims of neglect, abuse, violence and exploitation


  • Children in prostitution

  • Children in conflict with the laws

  • Displaced children due to wars and other calamities.

  • Children in Elderly headed households

  • Children living in child-headed households


  • The new NCPA is a multi-sectoral social protection plan covering 2013-17, with great potential for synergies with PSSN.

  • Of particular note in the document (enclosed) are the various reference s to TASAF, the Plan's emphasis on Household Economic Strengthening (to enhance their capacity to care and support their MVC's) as one of its key strategic pillars, and the criteria used for defining who must be considered an MVC for the sake of receiving public assistance as outlined in the Plan.

The ncpa ii

  • The National Costed Plan of Action (NCPAII) for Most Vulnerable Children (MVC) is aimed at guiding the implementation of actions and policies in the next five years (2013-2017) that aim to enhance the wellbeing of MVC through preventing and/or reducing the incidences of risks and the impacts of shocks and protect their rights.

  • This is a multi-sect oral plan developed by Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOHSW) through the Department of Social Welfare (DSW) in collaboration with other line ministries, Development partners and other stakeholders

Ncpa ii strategic objectives
NCPA II Strategic Objectives

  • Strengthen the capacity of households and communities to protect, care and support MVC

  • Increase access to effective gender responsive child protection services within a well-resourced child protection system that has the best interest of the child at its core

  • Improve access to and utilization of primary health care and education and Early Childhood Care and Development (ECD) services

  • Strengthen the coordination and leadership, policy and service delivery environment


  • Low budgetary allocation

  • Critical shortage of Social Welfare Workforce

  • MVC response is dependent on external financing.

  • Challenges to re integrate people cared in the institution because most of them have developed dependency syndrome

  • The implementation of Universal pension to the all elderly in Tanzania because of difficulties to identify the age of the elderly and capacity of the country to finance the big program before 2015.

  • Reluctance of families to care for vulnerable groups

  • Weakening of traditional social protection systems or safety nets due to effects of globalization and the change of socio economic policies since early 1990

  • Adverse increase of household poverty that results in rural – urban influx of the youth leaving their families and parents without any manpower and support.


  • MOF through the Commissioner of budget to raise the budget allocation to DSW to enable it carry out its core functions more effectively

  • PMO-RALG,PS-PSM,MOHSW to increase the social welfare workforce at the Council level.

  • Implement Universal pension to all elderly in Tanzania

  • MDAs ,NGOs and FBOs which made commitments to implement NCPA ll to allocate budgets in their MTEFs to implement their commitments.


  • Addressing Social protection initiatives in Tanzania requires Joint efforts and commitment

  • The success depends on availability of adequate resources both human and financial

  • The critical need to address child vulnerability can not be overemphasised

  • Investment in human capital is is investing in future

Thank you for listening but remember
Thank you for listening-But Remember -