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chronology from columbus 1492 to the plains indian wars 1890

Chronology from Columbus (1492) to the Plains Indian Wars (1890)

Timeline Self-Test

To use this show, go to view and click “notes page.” Then start slide show. When you want to read more about an answer, end the show and the notes page for that slide will appear. After reading the notes page, return to the show.

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Remember, if it is italicized, know it well; if it is in bold, know it really well

table of thematic contents
Table of Thematic Contents
  • Skip this table of contents if you want to run through the PEPS chronologically from 1607
  • To examine themes, click one of the thematic buttons and away you go!!!!! (This is a work in progress.)


  • Interaction between old and new worlds (smallpox to new; potato to old; etc.)—name this process
  • Columbian Exchange

Native American

  • Powerful Native American force going into decline (generally sided with British against French)—name them
  • Iroquois Confederation (in what is now state of New York area, generally speaking)

Native American

  • First permanent English settlement (look for gold; starve 1609-10; find tobacco)—name the town
  • Jamestown
  • Separatists-Mayflower Compact (agree to obey all “just and equal laws”)—name them
  • Pilgrims


  • Dutch settle what became New York—name the settlement
  • New Amsterdam
Boston-Affluent-Congregational-Families-intolerant (Williams, Hutchinson get kicked out)—what do you call this group?




  • OK to baptize kids of unconverted parents (signals erosion of earlier church power)—name this
  • Halfway Covenant


  • Penn grant from King-protect Quakers (pacifist influence here)—name the colony
  • Pennsylvania


about 1660 to 1763
About 1660 to 1763
  • Name the theory (an “ism”): Eng/Britain gets raw materials; colony gets finished goods; keep other nations out of trading loop through answer to next slide
  • Mercantilism
about 1660 to 17631
About 1660 to 1763
  • Examples:
    • 1--Molasses Act 1733 = 6p/gal not to be paid
    • 2--ships to be owned by British, with mainly British crew and British captain
    • 3--colonies can’t make finished iron products (iron bars OK)
    • What do you call this?
  • Navigation and Trade Acts
17 th 18 th centuries
17th, 18th centuries
  • England (Britain after 1707) is lax in its enforcement of navigation and trade acts; Prime Minister Robert Walpole promoted this idea; the thriving colonies are left relatively unencumbered from royal and parliamentary control, thus fostering a spirit of independence, and, for practical purposes, independence in fact—name this
  • Salutary (benign) neglect
17 th century
17th Century
  • Most immigrants to 1670s were indentured for about 7 years—what do you call this?
  • Indentured Servitude
1686 1689
  • Andros consolidates NE colonies—colonies resent—government collapses—name this government
  • Dominion of New England
17 th 18 th centuries1
17th/18th Centuries
  • South = TRICS (what is TRICS?)
  • Tobacco, Rice, Indigo, Cotton, Sugar (do Tobacco in the Chesapeake colonies (MD and VA); do rice and indigo in the lower colonies (SC and GA); do cotton across the South after 1793; do sugar in the Southwest (LA) in 1800s
17 th 18 th centuries2
17th/18th Centuries
  • Middle colonies (NY, NJ, Penn)= ROB the COW from the Hedgss (what does all this represent)—diverse folks do lots of different kinds of farming—name the people and the crops
  • Rye, Oats, Barley, Corn, Wheat, Beef, Pork; Huguenots, English, Dutch, Germans, Swedes, Scot-Irish
17 th and 18 th centuries
17th and 18th Centuries
  • Northern colonies—who were they and what did they do?
  • Answer: Merchants, traders, shipbuilding, fishing, finance, slave trade
  • Remember that there are always small farmers all around the country, so small farms do not help you pull the regions apart, which AP likes you to do
1624 1691
1624, 1691
  • Virginia becomes this in 1624, and Massachusetts becomes this in 1691
  • Crown colonies
1660s onward
1660s onward
  • VA leads way with 1662 law saying child retains condition of mother—what are we talking about here?
  • Emergence of slavery as labor system of the South
17 th and 18 th centuries1
17th and 18th Centuries
  • Role of colonial cities—what was it?
  • Colonial cities were centers of an essentially agrarian society
17 th 18 th centuries3
17th, 18th Centuries
  • Role of women-what was it?
  • Fully ½ of marriage partnership; raise kids; farm as needed; make candles, soap (remember, this is largely a subsistance farming economy, where a family, including father, mother, and kids all contribute to the welfare of the farm home)
17 th 18 th centuries4
17th, 18th Centuries
  • Married woman’s rights—what were they?
  • Fully subordinate to husband; no property rights in marriage (a little less rigid in the Southern colonies)
Frontier poor in Western Virginia protest Berkeley policies; Gov. Berkeley crushes rebellion-name the event

Bacon’s Rebellion


Native American

  • Popé successfully leads revolt against Spanish in Santa Fe—name the event
  • Pueblo revolt


  • 50 South Carolina slaves rebel; crushed; harsher slave codes enacted (no meetings; no read)—name the event
  • Stono Rebellion
1689 91
  • Leisler overthrows Gov. Andros (Dominion of New England) in New York; he then resists new British govt. under William and Mary; he is hanged—name the event
  • Leisler’s Rebellion
18 th century
18th Century
  • Independent, tough, anti-king, anti-Anglican, frontier/backwoods people—name the ethnic group—name the people
  • Scot-Irish
17 th 18 th centuries5
17th, 18th Centuries
  • 1-Goods from Europe shipped to Africa; 2-slaves shipped to colonies; 3-rum/raw materials shipped to Europe—what is the name of this trade?
  • Triangular Trade
17 th and 18th centuries
17th and 18th centuries
  • Congregationalist = North; Quaker, Catholic, Meth, Pres = Middle; Anglican = So.—what is going on here?
  • Religious diversity


1730s 1740s
1st mass movement causes decline in authority of existing church as people convert—name it

(first) Great Awakening



18 th century1
18th century
  • God is nothing but cosmic watchmaker who does not actively intervene in world—name this “ism”
  • Deism


  • Slaves and poor whites burn New York City—whites are very fearful—name the event
  • New York Conspiracy Trials
1754 1763
  • War for empire between Britain and France; French lose; Brits need to raise money—name the war
  • French and Indian War
Ends Fr. and Indian War; Britain gets all to Mississippi (Spain west of Mississippi)—name the treaty

Treaty of Paris

1763 1764
  • Acts of Britain to manage empire and pay war debts—what do we call this?
  • Imperial Reorganization
  • Ottawa Chief leads attacks on British posts and forts in the West—name him
  • Pontiac
  • Indian threat (Pontiac-1763) causes king to say no settlers beyond Appalachians—what do we call the King’s action?
  • Proclamation Line
  • Colonists can’t use paper money to pay debts; colonists don’t have gold; big pain—name the act
  • Currency Act
  • Brit needs money; reduces tariff on foreign molasses from 6p to 3p/gallon = TAX—name the act
  • Sugar Act
  • [Recall that the ’33 Molasses Act tariff of 6p/gal was not meant to be paid; the ’64 tariff of 3p/gal was meant to be paid and was therefore a tax.]
  • Direct tax on some colonial paper [colonies = no tax w/o rep; and can’t be rep!!!]—name the act
  • Stamp Act
  • Stamp Act repealed but this act says Parliament can bind colonies in all cases—name the act
  • Declaratory Act
1760s on
1760s on
  • Members of Parliament represent all British citizens, even those who can’t vote—what is this called?
  • Virtual representation
  • Tariffs for revenue on glass, lead, paint, paper, tea [opposed by colonies]—name the act
  • Townshend Acts
  • Sons of Liberty dressed as Indians toss tea into Boston Harbor—name the event
  • Boston Tea Party
1772 1774
  • Sam Adams organizes the first; communications fostered among towns, and then among colonies; used to promote opposition to British policies—what do we call these?
  • Committees of Correspondence
  • Extends Quebec down to Ohio River; colonists resented—name the act
  • Quebec Act
  • Four acts designed to bring colonies into compliance after tea party—name them
  • Coercive Acts (add Quebec Act and you have the Intolerable Acts)
1774 coercive act 1
1774 Coercive Act #1
  • Must get governor’s approval to have town meetings; governor’s council, previously elected, now appointive—name the act
  • Massachusetts Government Act
1774 coercive act 2
1774 Coercive Act #2
  • Closes port of Boston until tea paid for; cripples Boston trade—name the act
  • Boston Port Act
1774 coercive act 3
1774 Coercive Act #3
  • Royal officials can be tried in England for crimes committed in Massachusetts—name the act
  • Administration of Justice Act
1690 philosophy of american revolution slide 1
1690 Philosophy of American Revolution: Slide #1
  • Life, liberty, property = natural rights; abolish govt. that is destructive of these
  • Name the man who wrote the Treatise on Civil Government that lifted up these points
  • John Locke (Recall that Jefferson said the Declaration of Independence is “pure Locke”)
1690 philosophy of american revolution slide 2
1690 Philosophy of American Revolution: Slide #2
  • Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau proposed that the people are source of all government power—what is the name of this principle?
  • Popular sovereignty (Little ‘ole me—all political power is in my hands—wow!)
1690 philosophy of american revolution slide 3
1690 Philosophy of American Revolution: Slide #3
  • Government does only what sovereign people tell it to do—what is the principle?
  • Limited government
summary of philosophy of american revolution
Summary of philosophy of American Revolution
  • Name the three elements mentioned in the last three slides that represent the philosophy of the American Revolution
  • Natural Rights, popular sovereignty, and limited government
  • The body was convened to respond to Coercive Acts—name the body
  • First Continental Congress
1775 1781
  • Fights the war from 1775 to 1781; declares independence, advises states to draft constitutions, drafts a constitution (the Articles of Confederation)—name the body
  • Second Continental Congress
before july 4 1776
Before July 4, 1776
  • Right before the Declaration of Independence, she wrote to her husband, “in the new code of laws which I suppose it will be necessary for you to make, I desire you would remember the ladies.” Who is she?
  • Abigail Adams
7 4 76
Colonies declare independence from Great Britain over a year after war starts—name the document

Declaration of Independence

1777 october
  • Great U.S. victory in upstate New York—leads to Franco-American alliance in 1778—name the battle
  • Saratoga
1781 88
  • Congress under the articles had some problems that can be remembered using the Lum words. What are those silly words
  • Answer: WART.Com +no E and no J

Congress can’t declare war, tax, regulate commerce; Congress can’t ensure domestic tranquility (the dot), and there is no executive or judicial

1776 1783
  • Revolutionary War diplomacy with the French—comment
  • France allies with U.S. in 1778 after Saratoga; provides troops, supplies, ships; French aid essential
1776 17831
  • Mistreated within colonies; U.S. breaks ’83 treaty promise to restore property-who are they?
  • Loyalists
  • Britain recognizes U.S. sovereignty and independence; war over; U.S. wins—name the treaty
  • Treaty of Paris
1776 81
  • State constitution making--comment
  • Second Continental Congress says (1776) states should draft new constitutions ; states draft constitutions republican in form, with bills of rights
1781 1788
  • U.S. organizing document (constitution); WART.COM + no E = no J—name the document
  • Articles of Confederation
  • Survey western lands; 36 sq. mile townships; one section for education; great law—name it
  • Land Ordinance of 1785
  • Up to five state to come out of northwest territory; no slavery; fugitive slave provision—name the law
  • Northwest Ordinance
1786 87
  • Farmers in Western Massachusetts rebel, prevent courts from meeting and foreclosing on farms; put down by Mass. Militia; shows weakness of Articles—name the event
  • Shays Rebellion
1787 constitution
  • Senate = 2/state; House representation based on population of state—what do we call this?
  • Great Compromise
1787 constitution1
  • For taxes and representation in the House of Representatives, 3/5ths of slave population can be counted—what do we call this?
  • 3/5 Compromise
1787 constitution2
  • States choose electors who vote for president and vice president—what do we call this?
  • Electoral College
1787 88
  • What are the names of the two groups who either supported or opposed ratification of the Constitution?
  • Answer: Federalists (pro) and Anti-Federalists (con)
1787 881
  • Name two reasons why Anti-Federalists opposed ratification
  • 1--Too strong of a central government and 2--there was no provision for a bill of rights (remember that the states put bills of rights in their constitutions)
1787 882
  • Name the 85 essays written by Hamilton, Madison, Jay to support ratification of Constitution
  • The Federalist, or The Federalist Papers
  • 1st ten amendments protect freedoms of speech, religion, life, liberty, property—what do we call them?
  • Bill of Rights


  • Fund national debt at par; assume state debts; good for speculators and rich; tie wealthy to national government—name the report
  • Hamilton’s Report on Public Credit #1
  • Calls for BUS, the BA in BART (Congress accepts); 1st BUS runs from 1791-1811
  • Hamilton’s Report on Public Credit #2
  • Calls for the R and T in BART (Congress doesn’t accept)
  • Hamilton’s Report on Manufacturing
  • Strict v. Loose construction = origins of first party system
    • Who represents loose construction and who represents strict construction?
    • Same question: Who was first Secretary of the Treasury and who was the first Secretary of State?
  • Hamilton and Jefferson
1776 on
1776 on
  • Educated moms must teach civic virtue to sons in a republic based on popular sovereignty
    • Name the revolutionary concept that elevates the status of women and inferentially calls for better educational opportunities for women
  • Republican Motherhood
  • War between Britain and France--Washington wants to stay out of French Revolutionary war; isolationism here
    • Name the proclamation Washington issued
  • Neutrality Proclamation
  • Eli Whitney invents this; revolutionizes cotton processing; demand for slaves increases
  • Cotton Gin
  • Eli Whitney invents process with muskets; begins mass production capability
  • Interchangeable parts
  • Washington crushes Western Penn. rebels opposed to tax on whiskey—name the event
  • Whiskey Rebellion
  • After Fallen Timbers (Gen. Wayne), Miamis cede vast tract in Ohio valley to U.S.—name the treaty
  • Treaty of Greenville
1794 95 94 negotiated 95 ratified
1794/95 (’94 negotiated; ’95 ratified)
  • Avoids war with Britain; Britain finally gets out of west. forts; Brit. pays damagesname the treaty
  • Jay Treaty
  • Spain grants free navigation of Mississippi and right of deposit at New Orleans; gives up claim to the old West Florida between 31° and 32°28'; good deal that follows Jay treaty—name the treaty
  • Pinckney Treaty
  • U.S. refuses to pay bribe to talk with French; ignites war fever in U.S.—name the event
  • XYZ Affair
  • U.S.-France seizing ships; near to full war; Convention of 1800 defuses issue—what do we call this “war”?
  • Undeclared Naval War with France
  • Sedition act punishes Jeffersonians for speaking out against Adams; bad law is a violation of 1st Amendment freedom of speech; a second law deals with aliens—name the acts
  • Alien and Sedition Acts
1798 99
  • Responding to Sedition act, Mad/Jeff assert right of a state to nullify federal law—what do we call Mad/Jeff writings?
  • Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
1739 1831
  • Fears cause states to adopt laws restricting communications, learning, travel among slaves—what caused the slaveowners to be fearful—name the revolts
  • Answer: Slave revolts (Stono, South Carolina, 1739; Gabriel Prosser, Virginia, 1800; Denmark Vesey, South Carolina 1822; Nat Turner, Virginia, 1831, are among the more notable revolts)
  • U.S.-France cancel 1778 alliance; peace not war here—name the treaty
  • Convention of 1800
  • “Revolution” (election) of 1800 causes peaceful transfer of power from Federalists to Jeffersonians—what do we call this phenomenon?
  • “Revolution” of 1800
1801 1809
  • Significance of Jefferson’s presidency
  • He was strict in theory, loose in practice (e.g., Louisiana, where he went ahead and bought it, arguing that he did not have the authority but a constitutional amendment could authorize what he did—he never got the amendment—thus strict in theory, loose in practice); also he did not attack Hamilton’s BUS
  • U.S. doubles in size for $15 million; New Orleans finally belongs to U.S.—name the event
  • Louisiana Purchase
1804 1806
  • Jefferson commissions this expedition that is America’s grand adventure—name it
  • Louis and Clark Expedition (the Corps of Discovery)
  • In this case, the principle of judicial review is established (articulated by Hamilton in Federalist #78)
  • Marbury v. Madison
1801 07
  • Jeff’s VEEP kills Hamilton; organizes conspiracy in southwest; tried for treason but not convicted—name him
  • Aaron Burr
1801 05
  • A reluctant Jefferson beats Tripoli who wanted tribute to allow U.S. ships to sail in the Mediterrean—name the war
  • War with Tripoli
  • British, looking for deserters, attack U.S. warship; almost leads to war—name this incident
  • Chesapeake affair
  • Following Chesapeake affair, Jefferson approves this as a response to the British
  • Embargo (recall the bitterness over Jefferson’s embargo among New England Federalists, merchants and traders)
early 1800s
Early 1800s
  • British seize men (including U.S. citizens) to serve in Royal navy; U.S. hates this—name this practice
  • Impressment
  • Embargo repealed in favor of trade but not with Britain and France—name the act
  • Non-intercourse Act
  • This supersedes non-intercourse: trade OK with Brit/Fr; if one stop offenses, embargo will be put on the other—name the act
  • Macon’s Bill #2
1812 15 war of 1812
1812-15 War of 1812
  • War of 1812 causes—name them
  • CMEN + warhawks (Chesapeake, Impressment, Embargo-1807, Nonintercourse--1809, Macon’s Bill #2--1810, and Calhoun/Clay elected to House in 1810—westerners clamoring for suppression of Indians and possibly expansion into Canada)
early 1800s1
Early 1800s
  • Shawnee chief; forces defeated at Tippecanoe/1811; killed at Thames/1813—name him
  • Tecumseh
1793 1824 u s foreign policy approach to essay question on
1793-1824 U.S. Foreign Policy: approach to essay question on
  • How do you approach a foreign policy question from 1793 to 1824??
  • European distresses = American successes, from ’95 Greenville to ’23 Monroe Doc (as Britain, France go to war, U.S. takes advantage—Greenville ’94, Jay ’95, Pinckney ’95, Convention of 1800, Louisiana Purchase ’03, seizure of West Florida 1810-13, Convention of 1818, Adams-Onís Treaty 1819, Monroe Doctrine ’23, Russo-American Treaty ’24)
christmas eve 1814
Christmas Eve, 1814
  • Name the treaty ending the War of 1812
  • Treaty of Ghent
1 8 15
  • After Treaty of Ghent, he beats British and becomes national hero—name him and the battle
  • Andrew Jackson and Battle of New Orleans
late 1814 early 1815
Late 1814-early 1815
  • Anti-war Federalists oppose Madison; Federalist Party dies at Hartford—name the event
  • Hartford Convention
1815 c 1824
1815-c. 1824
  • War of 1812 consequences
  • Answer: BART called for; era of good feelings and one-party rule; Clay’s Amer. System (BART=bank, internal improvements, tariff: 2nd BUS runs 1816-1826; Erie Canal completed 1825 (have states do internal improvements); first tariff for protection in 1816)
1800 on
1800 on
  • Political (Louisiana Purchase, Lewis and Clark, War of 1812), Judicial (Marshall decisions); economic (BART); cultural (BIC and HR School) (BIC = Bryant, Irving, Cooper; HR = Hudson River School, Thomas Cole’s “Oxbow=romanticized landscapes)—name the “ism” here
  • Nationalism
1816 this one is a duh
1816—this one is a “duh”
  • 1st tariff for protective purposes (to protect “infant manufacturing” spawned by War of 1812)—name it, duh
  • Tariff of 1816
c 1815 24
c. 1815-24
  • Henry Clay supported BART; the So and West benefit too with R carrying stuff to market—name this
  • American System
1815 c 18241
1815-c. 1824
  • Monroe’s terms; one-party; but Panic of 1819 and conflicts over BART occurred—name the era
  • Era of Good Feelings
  • Let’s free the slaves and move them to Africa; Liberia created on African coast—name the organization
  • American Colonization Society
  • Disarms Great Lakes (U.S.-Britain)—name the treaty
  • Rush-Bagot Disarmament Treaty
  • U.S. and Britain agree to joint occupation of Oregon; also sets Louisiana Purchase boundary from Lake of Woods to Rocky Mountains (49th parallel)—name the treaty
  • Convention of 1818
  • Speculation in western lands sparks unemployment, bank failures, debtors’ prison
  • Answer: Panic of 1819
  • MD tax law struck down; federal supremacy here; necessary and proper here too—name the decision
  • McCulloch v. Maryland
  • Spain cedes Florida and gives up vague Oregon claim; southern/western border of Louisiana fixed along “step” line (step = Sabean R. north to Red R., west to 100th, north to Arkansas R., due north from headwaters of Arkansas to 42nd, then west to ocean)—name the treaty
  • Adams-Onís Treaty of 1819 (do not say “Florida Cession” lest you forget the step line
  • MO slave; ME free; no slavery in LA territory above 36°30' north latitude—name the event
  • Missouri Compromise
  • What did Jefferson call it?
  • The [death] “knell” of the Union
  • Europe/American continents different, so nonintervention/noncolonization demanded—name the PEP here
  • Monroe Doctrine
  • Austin gets Mexican land grant; Americans settle; conflicts arise—name the area
  • Texas
1820s 30s
  • NE farm girls work in company textile factory and live in company housing—name the PEP here
  • Lowell System
  • 1st 3rd party; anti-Mason, anti-Jackson—name the party
  • Anti-Masonic Party
early 1800s2
Early 1800s
  • States drop property qualifications to vote; contributes to Jackson “Era of Common Man”--what is happening here?
  • Expansion of suffrage
1828 48
  • Expand votes/ appeal to LAFS; hate monopoly; start spoils; hurt Indians: in 1840s, settle Oregon and take “Mexican Cession”—what name do we give to this era?
  • Jacksonian Democracy
1832 35
  • Jackson attacks 2nd BUS as monopolistic monster; success of attack creates $ instability—name the event
  • Bank War
  • Jackson says you must use gold/silver to buy western lands; paper can’t be used—name the PEP
  • Specie Circular
1830 39
  • Jackson OKs this act in ’30; tribes move; Cherokee Trail of Tears ’38-’39—name the entire process
  • Indian Removal
1828 on
1828 on
  • Jackson thinks government work easy; gives government jobs to friends and cronies; bad system—name the PEP here
  • Spoils System
1840 c 1852
1840-c. 1852
  • Democrats and Whigs form this; Whigs strongly pro-BART + --what is “this”?
  • 2nd party system (1st=Feds, Jeffs)
  • Jackson vetoes funds for highway in KY because it’s only in KY (blow to BART)—what do we call this veto?
  • Maysville Road veto
  • Webster: constitution=supreme law of land; Hayne: U.S.= compact among states—name this 1830 event that occurred in the U.S. Senate
  • Webster-Hayne Debate (one of the best speeches in U.S. history is Webster’s second reply to Hayne, January 26-27, 1830, in which he attacks nullification and ends with “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!”)
1828 1832
  • 1828 Tariff of Abominations; Calhoun=South Carolina Exposition and Protest; 1832 tariff too high and SC nullifies; Jackson gets Force Bill; Clay brokers lower tariff; SC repeals ordinance of nullification but nullifies the Force Bill; nullification theory = states are sovereign—what do we call this crisis?
  • Nullification Crisis
  • USSC says only feds, not states, can regulate Indian affairs; federal supremacy—name the decision
  • Worcester v. Georgia
  • Tocqueville: Africans and Indians lose in U.S.; women do better than in Europe—name the book
  • Democracy in America
  • Speculation led to panic; Jacksonians call for independent treasury—name this economic event
  • Panic of 1837
  • Idea!! Put fed. $ in independent vaults, not state banks; will stop speculation—name this idea
  • Independent treasury (Whigs repeal but Polk puts it back when he’s pres.)
1832 1852
  • This party elected 2 pres (Harrison ’40; Taylor ’48); agenda was BART + moral reforms, public education—name the party
  • Whig
1828 48 summary
1828-48 Summary
  • 1830s: Good: expands vote, handles tariff controversy well; Bad: attack on BUS, Specie circular, Panic of ’37, treatment of Indians; 1840s: Good: establishes Independent treasury, gains from Mexican War, settles Oregon; Bad: imperialistic war with Mexico—what to we call this entire period?
  • Jacksonian Democracy (Jackson ‘29-‘37; Van Buren ‘37-‘41; Polk ‘45-‘49)
1811 1852
  • Public road from MD to IL helps transportation and movement of goods—name the road
  • National Road
  • NY builds canal from Buffalo to Albany; west can get goods to market now—name the canal
  • Erie Canal
1828 on1
1828 on
  • This form of transportation contributes to national market; major industry in later 1800s—name the mode of transportation
  • Railroads
1830 1900
  • Cheap labor; keep Catholicism; prompts nativist reaction; stayed on east coast—what are we talking about here?
  • Irish immigration
1840s on
1840s on
  • Wealthier than Irish, moved inland, cultural diversity (kindergarten, beer), reformers—what are we talking about here?
  • German immigration
1840s 50s
  • Political party reacts against immigrants; anti-German, anti-Irish, anti-Catholic—name the party
  • American or Know-Nothing Party


1840s on1
1840s on
  • A woman’s place=home (artistic, moral are good), but too sensitive for labor market—put a name on this idea
  • Cult of Domesticity
1848 on
1848 on
  • Denied econ./polit. opportunity and freedom (married/property), women object; women fight for abolition and reforms; Wyoming Terr. grants vote 1869—what are we talking about here?
  • Women’s rights movement
  • Who wrote Women in the Nineteenth Century, a manifesto of the women’s rights movement?
  • Margaret Fuller
  • Stanton, Mott, Declaration of Sentiments modeled on Dec of Ind; demands rights—name the event
  • Seneca Falls Convention
1820 1860
  • Horace Mann fights for longer hours, better teachers, improved curriculum—what are we talking about here?
  • Education reform
1820s 40s
  • Finney leads revivals; reforms gain ground (PAW); Meth/Bapt gains are huge—name the event
  • Second Great Awakening
1830s 40s
  • Name the great preacher of the Second Great Awakening and identify the reform movements he promoted.
  • Charles G. Finney—prohibition, abolition, women’s rights (PAW, as in Finney put his “paw” on several antebellum reform movements


1830s 40s1
  • Joseph Smith starts; Brigham Young leads them to Utah—name this religious group
  • Mormons

Religion—end of Religious slides in Self-Test #1

1848 80
  • Bible communism; complex marriage/selective breeding marginalizes sect—name this community
  • Oneida Community
1841 46
  • Transcendentalists lead communitarian lifestyle on 200 acre farm that fails but demonstrates utopian fervor of mid-century idealists—name the community
  • Brook Farm
1830s 50s
  • Emerson, Thoreau, Fuller elevate individual dignity; reformers; self-reliance—what group of people are we talking about here?
  • Transcendentalists
1820s on
1820s on
  • Thomas Cole; romanticized landscapes; break from Europe; cultural nationalism—name the art “school”
  • Hudson River School
1820s on1
1820s on
  • Bryant, Irving, Cooper=BIC=cultural nationalismname the “school”
  • Knickerbocker School
1830s on
1830s on
  • Douglass, Garrison, Truth promote this reform
  • Abolition
1850s on
1850s on
  • Neil Dow and women fight for this
  • Prohibition
1840s on2
1840s on
  • Who fought for humane treatment of mentally ill?
  • Dorothea Dix
1840s 50s1
  • God ordained U.S. to take all to Pacific, then in ‘50s reach into Latin America—name this idea
  • Manifest Destiny
1836 45
  • Alamo (’36) leads to independence; slavery issue keeps this area out of U.S. until 1845—name the area
  • Texas
  • Polk/Britain agree to 49th parallel to divide this territory: good deal for both—name the area
  • Oregon
1846 48
  • Polk prompts war; gets all from TX to Pacific; Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo (2-2-48)—name the war
  • Mexican War
  • Pennsylvania representative proposes no slavery in lands taken from Mexico in upcoming war; fails (2)—name this
  • Wilmot Proviso
  • Name the treaty ending the Mexican War
  • Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
  • MO slave; ME free; no slavery in LA territory above 36°30' north latitude—name this
  • Missouri Compromise
1831 on
1831 on
  • Radical abolitionist; Liberator (1st=1-1-31); Southerners start to defend slavery after he starts his campaign—name him
  • William Lloyd Garrison
  • Supports immediate abolition; later for Liberty, Free-Soil, and Republican parties—name the organization
  • American Anti-Slavery Society
1800 1860
  • Name the institution that was the heart of the sectional controversy in the antebellum period
  • Slavery (read this lengthy note on the notes page—you have to know this)
1837 speech in senate
1837 speech in Senate
  • This So. Car. Senator argues that slavery is a positive good; blasts North. Bosses—name him
  • John C. Calhoun
1817 1895
  • Brilliant orator and writer; most prominent of the black abolitionists—name him
  • Frederick Douglass
1840s 50s2
  • Right of the people in territories to vote to have slavery or no slavery--name this idea
  • Popular Sovereignty
  • CA=free; no slave trade in D.C.; NM/UT terr.=pop.sov.; strong fug. slave act; Texas boundary adjusted for $10 million—name these five acts
  • Compromise of 1850
  • Part of Comp. of ’50; NO passes personal liberty laws ; resentment in NO and SO builds—name the act
  • Fugitive Slave Act
  • Enflamed passions in both NO and SO; written in response to Fug. Slave Act--name the book
  • Answer: Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  • Who wrote it?
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Part of Mexico (now AZ/NM) for $10 mill.; to build southern railroad—name this purchase
  • Gadsden Purchase
  • Remainder of LA terr.=pop.sov.; KS and NE terr. formed; free-soilers enraged; Republican Party emerges—name the act
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act
1854 2007
  • North based party; for BART and no slavery in territories; higher educ; homesteads—name the party
  • Republican Party
  • Slaves can’t sue; MO Comp.=unconst.; free blacks can’t be citizens; bad decision—name it
  • Dred Scott decision
  • KS constitution is pro-slave; Douglas opposes and loses SO Dem. Support—name this constitution
  • Lecompton Constitution and crisis
  • IL senate race debate with Lincoln; Douglas articulates this doctrine, that people can vote vs. slavery in a territory if they want to and slavery will “stay down”—name this “doctrine”
  • Freeport Doctrine
1793 1860
  • Cotton is King; no one dare make war on cotton; SO arrogance here is misplaced—name this idea
  • “King Cotton”
  • Abolitionist radical=violent assault on Harper’s Ferry; becomes martyr for North—name this man
  • John Brown
1860 party platform
1860 party platform
  • No slavery in territories; BART; public education; homesteads—this is the platform of what party
  • Republican Party
4 12 61
  • Fort at Charleston, SC: Confederates open fire, starting Civil War—name the fort
  • Fort Sumter
1861 65
  • 20 million in NO vs. 9 in SO; 5X as many mfg. plants in NO.; SO needs quick war—name this in general
  • North v. South in Civil War (see the notes)
1861 651
  • Lincoln could not alienate four slave states still in Union (DEL, MD, KY, MO)--What do we call these states?
  • Border States
  • Union war goal—name it
  • Preserve union (later add emancipation)
1863 65
  • 180,000 served; 38,000 killed; 54th Mass.=1st regiment in ’63; full pay by 1864—name these soldiers in general
  • African American soldiers
1862 64
  • C.S.A. commerce raider; points to delicate diplomatic issue with Britain—name the ship
  • C.S.S. Alabama
  • Law grants 160 acres for small fee to settlers (previous: land sales=revenue)—name the act
  • Homestead Act
9 17 62
  • Union “victory” shows Br/Fr Union power; Emancipation Proclamation follows—name the battle
  • Antietam
1 1 63
  • All slaves in land still in rebellion are free as of 1-1-63; turns War into crusade—name this event
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Rep. education act for land-grant colleges (Texas A&M, e.g.); far-sighted—name the act
  • Morrill Act
1865 72
  • To provide food, clothing shelter, education for freed slaves; education a big ++++--name this agency
  • Freedmen’s Bureau
  • This amendment frees the slaves
  • 13th Amendment
1865 on
1865 on
  • Freed slaves share crop proceeds (50/50) or become tenants on farms and forever indebted to owners and stores; this reconfigures SO agriculture after the Civil War—what do we call this?
  • Tenant farming/sharecropping
1865 67
  • SO states pass laws restricting freedmen to stabilize workforce and keep them down
  • Black Codes
1863 1865
1863, 1865
  • 10% of voters in 1860 election can start gov’t; Johnson adds pardons required—name this
  • Presidential reconstruction
1867 77
  • Cong. Radicals divide SO into 5 military districts; SO states must ratify 14th Amend.—what do we call this?
  • Congressional (radical, military) reconstruction
1865 1868 1879
1865, 1868, 1879
  • 13th=free slaves; 14th=citizenship to Africans; 15th=vote for Africans-but no women
  • Civil War Amendments
  • Sec. of State Seward gets this land for $7.2 million; Russia off No. Amer. Now—name this purchase
  • Alaska
  • Johnson opposes Congress; House impeaches; one vote short of removal in Senate—name this event
  • Impeachment of President Andrew Johnson
  • Hayes promises to pull troops out of South; ends Reconstruction—name this
  • Compromise of 1877
1870s on
1870s on
  • This group of people installed Jim Crow/tenant farming/sharecropping/crop liens and took over Southern state governments—what do we call them in general?
  • Southern “redeemers”
  • The name we use to indicate the systematic legal separation of whites and blacks to keep blacks “in their place”
  • Jim Crow
1866 1890
  • This occurred mainly on the Great Plains—provide the general name
  • Plains Indian Wars
  • This treaty guaranteed Sioux lands after Red Cloud beat the U.S. Army—name the treaty
  • Treaty of Fort Laramie
  • But in the 1870s, violations of the treaty led to Plains Indian Wars
  • Crazy Horse annihilates U.S. 7th Cavalry under Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer—name the battle
  • Little Big Horn
1877 1890
1877, 1890
  • Great Sioux leaders at Little Big Horn; both killed by Army (one in ’77, one in ’90)—name them
  • Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull
1868 1890
  • At Washita (’68); Little Big Horn (’76); and reconstituted at Wounded Knee (’90)—name the unit
  • U.S. 7th Cavalry
  • Chief runs with people toward Canada; fails; “I will fight no more forever” quote—name the chief
  • Chief Joseph of the Nez Percé
  • U.S. 7th Cavalry wipes out Sioux under Bigfoot; ends Plains Indian wars—name the battle
  • Wounded Knee