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Primary Source Analysis. Portuguese population 1961-2003, in thousands, (2005 Data from  FAO ) with emigration giving way to  retornados , [2] [3] ranging from 500,000 to 1 million after the revolution. Decolonization and its impact. Mr. Cruz, AC Flora High School.

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primary source analysis
Primary Source Analysis

Portuguese population 1961-2003, in thousands, (2005 Data from FAO) with emigration giving way to retornados,[2][3]ranging from 500,000 to 1 million after the revolution.

decolonization and its impact

Decolonization and its impact

Mr. Cruz, AC Flora High School

means to independence armed
Means to Independence: Armed
  • Colonies seek independence by force
  • International support is needed for weapons
  • Usually lasted longer than negotiated independence
  • Long lasting issues
means to independence armed1
Means to Independence: Armed
  • Angola
    • 1960’s: Soviet influenced Guerillas fight Portugal
    • 1974: Portuguese gov’t is overthrown by Portuguese citizens
    • 1975: New government grants independence to Portuguese imperial possessions
result redistribution of resources
Result: Redistribution of Resources
  • Retornados:
    • 300,000 Portuguese leave for Portugal after Independence
  • Gov’t desires to redistribute abandoned resources, but struggles to figure out:
    • Who? What? When? Where? How?
  • Leads to conflict
    • Angolan Civil War
      • Communist supported MPLA, eventual winner
        • USSR and Cuba send resources and troops
  • Aids the “Spread of Communism”
result transnational movements
Result: Transnational Movements
  • Communism
  • Pan-Arabism
  • Pan-Africanism
    • “African peoples both on the continent and in the Diaspora, share not merely a common history, but a common destiny”
pan africanism
Pan-Africanism
  • Organization of African Unity / African Union
    • Achieve greater unity and solidarity between African countries and the peoples of Africa
    • Defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of its Member States
result population resettlement1
Result: Population Resettlement
  • Redrawing of Colonial boundaries
    • Imposed boundaries
    • Ex: India/Pakistan
      • Religious-based Partition
      • Hindus persecuted in Pakistan
        • (20%-1945, 1%-2003)
      • Muslims persecuted in India
        • Forced migration
result colonial subject migration
Result: Colonial Subject Migration
  • Imperial powers view lax migration laws as a form of apology to former colonies
    • Algeria to France (After 1962) – Evian Accord
      • Seeking a “Better Life”
      • Maintain family ties
      • Fear of internal conflicts in Algeria
    • French Reaction is negative, but committed to Post-Colonial “Obligations”
result colonial subject migration1
Result: Colonial Subject Migration
  • DO NOT WRITE THIS!
  • ZinedineZidane
    • French National Soccer Team Member
    • Parents were from AguemouneAthSlimane, Algeria

2006 World Cup Final

oil revenue in nigeria 5
OIL REVENUE IN NIGERIA (5)

The Nigerian central government gains (and gained) a lot of its revenue from oil companies which pay a charge for the petroleum they ship out of Nigeria.  This table shows the percentage of total government  revenue which comes from these charges on oil.

YearPercentage                            1958-59                      .08                               1962-63                    7.31                            1966-67                  18.26                            1970-71                  25.99                            1974-75                  80.81                            1978-79                  66.30                            1982-83                  67.00                            1986-87                  75.80                            1989-90*                97.24

    *Last year of information on the source. 

[Adapted from data in Eghosa E. Osaghae, Crippled Giant  Nigeria Since Independence (Bloomington:  Indiana University Press, 1998), p. 20.]

ethnolinguistic diversity 6
Ethnolinguistic Diversity (6)

www.ethnologue.com/statistics/country

prompt answer on your own
Prompt (answer on your own)
  • How did regional, religious, and ethnic differences challenge the inherited imperial boundaries in Nigeria?
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-20808106