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BELLWORK. Explain how the Americas were effected by religion. How did the religions of the British colonies differ from the Spanish colonies? What did the Treaty of Tordesillas rule? What gave Spain and Portugal the authority to implement this? With regards to European colonial powers…..

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  • Explain how the Americas were effected by religion. How did the religions of the British colonies differ from the Spanish colonies?

  • What did the Treaty of Tordesillas rule? What gave Spain and Portugal the authority to implement this?

  • With regards to European colonial powers…..

    • Who ruled with the strictest/harshest policies?

    • Who had the most oppressive societal divisions?

    • Who was most interested in resources/wealth?

    • Who was most interested in establishing habitable land?

    • Who would YOU rather be under the control of?

  • THINKER: How did Europeans view the natives? Do you think these views influence modern stereotypes of these groups? Explain!

Review european control
Review: European control

  • We are going to play a short review game over the European powers and their control of the colonies.

  • FOUR CORNERS: Each corner is labeled with one of the four European powers.

  • A question will appear on the board and you have 20 seconds to move to the corner that corresponds with the answer.

  • If you get it right….yay! You’re still in the game. If you get it wrong…..yikes! You’re out!

  • If everyone picks the same answer, you must then chose RED or BLACK, and your fate will be decided by luck of the draw!


  • Which European power based society off of class?

  • Wealth = POWER!


  • Which European power did NOT have claims in Canada?


  • Passed the Navigation Acts to restrict trade within their colonies


  • Cartier and Verrazano were the main explorers for which European power?


  • Had a specific racial hierarchy that divided their colonies


  • Cabral explored the eastern part of South America and claimed territory for ___________?


  • This European power was mostly motivated by rumors of gold and silver in the Americas.


  • Ruled in the Americas using captaincy colonies.


  • Originally had the most territory in the Americas, but lost most of it after a series of wars.


  • William Penn and Henry Hudson helped establish colonies for this European power


  • Under the Habsburg monarchy, the King kept strict control of the colonies and allowed little freedom


  • Comparatively to the other three European powers, which country was the most relaxed with their rule?


  • Explorers motivated by resources specifically in NE Canada; like fur, lumber, fishing grounds


  • Explorers of this European country were motivated by fertile farm land and the availability of water for trade/travel


  • Which European power discriminated against Irish and Catholics within their American colonies?

Columbus discovery
Columbus’ Discovery

  • From the History of Latin America textbook, read the “Voyages of Columbus” (pgs. 56-58) and discuss the following:

  • What were the Spaniards motives for colonization of the Americas?

  • What was considered Columbus’ “obsession?” Why was this goal important?

  • Who finally agreed to fund Columbus’ voyage? What would he receive in return?

  • Where did Columbus finally land? How is this different than his original plan?

  • Explain the encounter between the Natives & Columbus and his crew. How did Columbus attempt to appease the rebels?

Historical analysis evaluating opvl
Historical analysis: evaluating OPVL

  • When reading a historical source, it would be helpful if you were to think of yourself as being in the position of the investigators, defense, prosecution, jury and judge in a criminal trial. That is, you should be concerned with the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

  • To achieve this, you will need to be as rigorous, as precise, and as logical in your examination and evaluation of evidence as the participants in any trial.

  • While reading a source, you should always determine:

    • O: origin

    • P: purpose

    • V: value

    • L: limitation

Four views on the discovery of america
Four Views on the Discovery of America

  • For this activity, the class will be divided into four groups.

  • Each group will start at a different station and rotate through all four.

  • At each station, there is a reading regarding the discovery of the Americas.

  • Each reading has a different point of view and purpose.

  • It is your responsibility to evaluate the source! Think about O.P.V.L.

Historical analysis evaluating opvl1
Historical analysis: evaluating OPVL

  • For each source, you will do five things:

    • Summarize the main points/messages of the document.

    • Evaluate the origin of the document

    • Evaluate the purpose

    • Assess the value of the document

    • Assess any biases or limitations of the document


Ayham, Katy, Chandni, Calli, Sophia, Liam

Courtney, Andres, Joseph, Afrooz, Sarah, Rachel

3. Matt, Kimberly, Cassandra, Hunter, Genevieve, Cezanne

4. Hannah, Katja, Lauren, Nathaniel, Coleman



  • For closure, write a two paragraph summary of the different documents. Include:

    • In your opinion, which source was the most valuable? The least? Why?

    • Are there similarities and differences between the sources?

    • Which author’s viewpoint do you agree with the most? Why?

    • Is there another viewpoint you think would be more reliable?