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Internet in TOGO. AFNOG Meeting Mai 2001. By Adiel AKPLOGAN C @Fenet CAFE Informatique & Telecommunications. Introduction Togo at glance. West Africa country Population: 4.5 Million area: 56.000 sq. Km Rural Population: 71% Urban Population: 21%

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internet in togo

Internet in TOGO

AFNOG Meeting Mai 2001

By Adiel AKPLOGAN

C@Fenet

CAFE Informatique & Telecommunications

introduction togo at glance
IntroductionTogo at glance
  • West Africa country
      • Population: 4.5 Million
      • area: 56.000 sq. Km
      • Rural Population: 71%
      • Urban Population: 21%
      • Growth rate of urban population: 6.1%
      • Capital: LOME
  • Principal cities :Lome (700.000 inhabitants), Sokode (51.000 inhabitants), Kara (30.000 inhabitants), Kpalime (30.000 inhabitants)
history
History
  • 1992: first usage of Internet in Togo through ORSTOM and RIO (only used by French scientifics).
  • End 1995: First usage by general public.
      • Powered by CAFÉ Informatique (a private company) through a BBS connected to Internet (NCS Ghana) via uucp (6 users).
      • Earlier 1996: First academic Internet access on the Campus by Syfed (AUPELF/UREF project - this was an uucp connection over an X25 link)
      • September 1996:first local web server and smtp mail serverunder Linux (35 users). The ccTLD « .TG » was delegate to CAFE Informatique.
history continue
History (continue)
  • 1997:Full IP connection via a VSAT link (64/128) to the Internet by CAFÉ Informatique & Telecommunications. It offer all internet services and was the only one public ISP of the country.
  • Earlier 1998: The local telecommunications company (Togo Telecom) lunch his own internet node project and put it online in Mars 1998. They position themselves as access only provider (with 128/128 Kbps link to Internet via MCI). They enroll most of the computer services company to be ISP and give them a 64Kps LS free for 6 months
today
Today

Today, 4 year after the full connectivity, the growth of the internet is become very impressive.

  • A recent study by the America Cultural Center, show that there are over 40.000 regular internet users in the country, and over 5.000 local access created by the 13 ISPs!
  • Two links 1 Mbps (CAFEnet) and 1Mbps (TogoTelecom).
  • A regulatory Authority for telecommunications was installed by the government.
today cafenet
Today (Cafenet)

1 Mbps/512kbps

E1 (2Mbps)

1.2 Mbps shared Wireless

PAS3

92 lines

Cybercafe

CAFÉ Informatique

CEB

ECOWAS FOUND

INTERPACKET

AGN

BTCI

Togotelecom

MULTIMEDIA

BOAD

POP II LOME Centre

Elite

ESIBA

GMF

SAD

USEMBASY

EXPLOR@

HERCUL

32 lines

ECOBANK

TELECEL

Education

CyberCafe

ISP

Private Co.

NGO

64 Kbps

today togotelecom
Today (Togotelecom)

160 lines

Togo Telecom

Sprint Link

Cybercafe

UB

BIB

SYFED

DEFI

British Shcool

IDS Techno

CYBERCOM

LORDAF

NetCom

GTI

FA2F

CAFEnet

CR

MULTIMEDIA

CIC

Vo Kaya

SOFTNET

1 Mbps/512kbps

CCT

IMET

BTD

Education

CyberCafe

ISP

Private Co.

NGO

64 Kbps

UNDP

costs
Costs
  • Dial up acces:
        • $8 to $50 /month for unlimited acces
  • Leased Line:
          • Togo Telecom : $1000 - $1300 /month
          • C@Fenet : $800 /month - Wireless connection
          • 25% to 50% dicount for Education usage
some statistics
Some Statistics
  • Growth of users
internet society
Internet Society
  • Late 1997: Idea of Internet Society chapter creation (first meeting: April 1998 with 6 persons) by Adiel AKPLOGAN and Alain AINA.
    • First problem come from other ISP thinking that, it will be an association formed by a Company (as the initiative come from CAFÉ workers) to enrol all the internet user to use there node.
    • No comprehension by other Actor (essentialy ISP and govm ’t) on the ISOC roll in Internet developpement. There first and lone focus is the business aspect of internet.
    • Socio-Politic situation of the country between 1996 and 1999.
  • In April 1999: We decide to move forward and begun the chapter forming process. An e-mail send by Terry Wreigler asking all TOGO ISOC members to join the chapter forming effort was the trigger that make the thing realy move on.
isoc chapter
ISOC Chapter
  • Since December 1999 on the « isoctg-discus@isoc.tg » mailling list, we are working (and discussing) on the chapter policy. Now evrything is ok to register the chapter apart of the 25 ISOC members we have to reach.
  • Today we have only 10 members (6 to be renew) and over 20 other persons who are not member yet. Participents on the discussion are essentialy University of BENIN (TOGO), Togo Telecom, some indivual person working on Networking aerea, and two ISP.
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Togo is, in my vue a real exemple of Internet own revolution. In spite of the political, social, and economical situation, Internet In TOGO is moving on his way and growing. It linking people together and allowing information democratisation.
  • With the creation of ISOC-TG, we are expecting more succes on the internet developpement, essentialy on the content production and more involving on global internet governance.