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HECRAS xidebi. g. parodi WRS-ITC- niderlandebi. 4. 1. rogor zegavlenas axdens xidi hidravlikaze?. konstruqcia xidis gaswvriv pirsi TaRis/kamaras sayrdeni xidis savali nawili gafarToeba. 2. 3. xidis dinebis 2 tipi.

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hecras xidebi

HECRAS xidebi

g. parodi

WRS-ITC- niderlandebi

rogor zegavlenas axdens xidi hidravlikaze

4

1

rogor zegavlenas axdens xidi hidravlikaze?
  • konstruqcia
  • xidis gaswvriv
  • pirsi
  • TaRis/kamaras sayrdeni
  • xidis savali nawili
  • gafarToeba

2

3

xidis dinebis 2 tipi
xidis dinebis 2 tipi
  • dabalidineba- dineba, sadacwyliszedapiriaraRwevsxidiskoWs
  • maRalidineba-dineba, sadacwyliszedapiriaRwevs an cdebaxidissavalnawils

kiTxva: es dabali dinebaa Tu maRali?

dabal dinebiani xidis hidravlika modelirebis 4 tipi
dabal dinebiani xidis hidravlika: modelirebis 4 tipi
  • energia – fizikur kanonebze dayrdnobiT iTvleba xaxunis danakargi da geometriuli cvlilebebi xidis gaswvriv iseve, rogorc dinebiT da turbulentobiT (areulobiT) gamowveuli danakargi.
  • impulsi - fizikur kanonebze dayrdnobiT iTvleba kritikuli danakargi da xidis gaswvriv danakvirvebi geometriuli cvlilebebi.
  • FHWA WSPRO – energiis kanonze dayrdnobiT, iseve rogorc zogierTi empiriuli atributi. SemuSavebulia xidebisTvis, romlebic gadaWimulni arian farTe mWidro mcenareuli safariT dafarul Walebze.
  • Yarnell - empirikuli modeli SemuSavebulia xidis pirsebis efeqtebis modelirebisTvis.
dabal dinebiani xidis modelireba a klasi dabali dineba energiis metodi
dabal dinebiani xidis modelirebaA klasi dabali dineba – energiis meTodi
  • xaxunisdanakargisgaangariSebaxdebarogorcsigrZeayvanilisaSualoxaxuniskuTxisxarisxSi.
  • energiisdanakargiarisempirikulikoeficientiayvanilisiCqarismaqsimumisxarisxSi(gafarTovebis da SekumSvisdanakargi)
  • arxdebapirsebsdamuxruWebisZalisgaTvaliswineba
dabal dinebiani xidis modelireba a klasi dabali dineba impulsis metodi
dabal dinebiani xidis modelirebaA klasi dabali dineba – impulsis meTodi
  • xaxunisdanakargiarisgarexaxuni= sveliperimetriayvanilisigrZisxarisxSi da ayvaniligadanacvlebisdaZabulobisxarisxSi
  • moiTxovspirsebisdamuxruWebiskoeficientisdamatebasCD
dabal dinebiani xidis modelireba c d koeficienti pirsebistvis
dabal dinebiani xidis modelireba CDkoeficienti pirsebisTvis
  • wriuli pirsi 1.20
  • wagrZelebuli pirsi semiwriuli boloTi 1.33
  • elipsuri pirsi 2:1 Tanafardoba sigrZe siganesTan 0.60
  • elipsuri pirsi 4:1 Tanafardoba sigrZe siganesTan) 0.32
  • elipsuri pirsi 8:1 Tanafardoba sigrZe siganesTan) 0.29
  • marTkuTxa xmauriani pirsi 2.00
  • triangularuli xmauri 30 gradusiani kutxiT 1.00
  • triangularuli xmauri 60 gradusiani kutxiT 1.39
  • triangularuli xmauri 90 gradusiani kutxiT 1.60
  • triangularuli xmauris 120 gradusiani kutxiT 1.72
dabali dinebis xidis modelireba a klasis dineba iarnelis gantoleba
dabali dinebis xidis modelirebaA klasis dineba-iarnelis gantoleba
  • sxvadasxva formis pirsebis gamoyenebiT 2600 laboratoriul eqsperimentze dayrdnobiT K
  • moiTxovs pirsis formis koeficientis damatebas
  • unda gamoviyenoT mxolod iq, sadac ZiriTadi danakargi gamowveulia pirsebs arsebobiT
dabali dinebis xidebis modelireba iarnelis pirsis koeficienti k
dabali dinebis xidebis modelirebaiarnelis pirsis koeficienti K
  • semi-cirkularuli xmauri da kudi 0.90
  • ormagi cilindruli pirsi dakavSirebuli diafragmiT 0.95
  • ormagi cilindruli pirsi diafragmis gareSe 1.05
  • 90 gradusiani triangularuli xmauri da kudi 1.05
  • marTkuTxa xmauri da kudi 1.25
  • aTi gaerTianebuli sayrdeni 2.50
dabali dinebis xidis modelireba a klasi dabali dineba wspro
dabali dinebis xidis modelirebaA klasi dabali dineba - WSPRO
  • federalurigzatkecilisxidebisanalizisadministratorulimeTodi
  • gamoviyenoTenergiisgantolebaiteraciuli (ganmeorebiTi) procedurebisTvis
b da c klasi dabali dineba
B da C klasi- dabali dineba
  • ori meTodia xelmisawvdomi:
    • impulsi– araregularuli ganivi kveTebis monacemebiT da wylis zedapiris simaRlis uecar cvlilebebiani monacemebiT, SeiZleba kalapitis daxris kuTxis dadgena naklebi sizuzstiT moxdes. Sesabamisad wonis koeficienti avtomaturad gamousadegari xdeba dinebis b klasisTvis.
    • energia – B klasis dinebis SemTxvevaSi, SeiZleba moxdes mniSvnelovani cvlileba wylis siRrmeSi, Sedegad gvaqvs maqsimalur siCqaris agdaWarbeba. gafarToveba da SekumSvis energiis danakargi SeiZleba gadaWarbebuli iyos “tradiciuli” gafarTovebis da SekumSvis koeficientebis gamoyenebiT.
dabali dinebis xidebis hidravlika sejameba
dabali dinebis xidebis hidravlika: Sejameba
  • xidebispirsebimciredabrkolebaadinebisTvis, Warbobsxaxunisdanakargi –energia, impulsi an WSPRO
  • pirsida xaxunisdanakargiWarbobs - impulsi
  • dinebakveTskritikulsiRrmesxidismidamoebSi – energia an impulsi
  • pirsisdanakargiarisdominanti - iarneli
  • superkritikulidinebapirsebisgareSe – energia an impulsi
  • superkritikulidinebapirsebiT- impulsi
marali dinebis xidis metodi
maRali dinebis xidis meTodi
  • energiis meTodi – xidis savali nawili gamoiTvleba da damatebiTi sveli perimetri emateba. wylis zedapiris simaRle gviCvenebs hidravlikuri xarisxis xazs.
    • es meTidi ar gamoiyeneba nakadis Serwymis moxazulobisTvis an pirsebisTvis
    • gadazidvis gaangariSebisas xids ganvixilavT rogorc ganivi kveTs da moicavs dinebas gzatkecilis gadaRma.
marali dinebis xidis metodi1
maRali dinebis xidis meTodi

(2) wneva da jebiris meTodi – ganixilavs dinebas, rogorc ori gancalkevebuli komponents

  • xidis Ria nawilis gaswvriv dineba aris Seviwroebuli (wnevis qveS myofi)
    • WiSkris gantoleba
    • sruli wnevis (naxvreti, Riobi) gantoleba
  • jebiris gantoleba gzis gadaRma, daZirvis SesworebebiT.

SeniSvna: HECRASavtomaturadSearCevssworwnevisdinebisgantolebas

marali dineba seviwroebuli sluzebi dineba
maRali dineba – Seviwroebuli (Sluzebi) dineba

Q = totaluri xarji xidis Ria nawilis gaswvriv

Cd = xarjis koeficienti Seviwroebuli dinebisTvis

Abu = xidis Ria nawilis qselis zona BU seqciaSi

Y3 = hidravlikuri siRrme 3 seqciaSi

Z = vertikaluri manZili xidis savali nawilis umdables horizontamde da ZiriTadi mdinaris kalapitis siRaRles Soris.

marali dineba seviwroebuli dineba naxvreti riobi
maRali dineba –Seviwroebuli dineba (naxvreti, Riobi)

gamoiyeneba, rodesac xidis orive, zedadinebis da qvedadinebis mxare sruliad aris daZiruli

Q = Riobidan gamavali wylis sruli xarjva

C = sruliad daZiruli dinebis zewolis xarjis koeficienti

H = gansxvaveba energiis gradientisa da zedadinebis simaRles Soris & wylis zedapiris simaRle qvedadinebaSi

A = xidis Ria nawilis qselis zona

marali dineba wyalgadasasvebi jebiris dineba
maRali dineba – wyalgadasaSvebi jebiris dineba
  • Q = wyalgadasaSvebi jebiris sruli dineba
  • C = xarjis koeficienti wyalgadasaSvebi jebiris dinebisTvis (~2.5 - 3.1 Tavisufali dinebisTvis)
  • L = wyalgadasaSvebis efeqturi sigrZe
  • H = energiis simaRlis gansxvaveba zeadadinebasa da gzis kveTas Soris
marali dineba dazirva
maRali dineba - daZirva

daZiruli Semcirebis faqtori

daZirva

marali dinebis xidis modelireba daskvna
maRali dinebis xidis modelireba: daskvna
  • rodesac xidis savali nawili warmoadgens mcire winaaRmdegobas dinebisTvis da ar moqmedebs rogorc zewolis xvreli, umjobesia gamoviyenoT energiis meTodi
  • rodesac datborva da Camonadeni wyali ar uerTdeba dinebas, gamoviyenoT wnevis/wyalgadasaSvebi jebiris meTodi.
  • rodesac xdeba datborva da Zlieri daZirva, gamoviyenoT energiis meTodi
ganivi kvetebis ganlageba xidebtan1
ekvipotenciurikonturebi: LcarismanZilixidisimnawilidan, sadacdinebiskonturirCebaparaleluriZiriTadidinebismimarTulebismimarT da araakumSvadiganivi kveTebis ganlageba xidebTan
ganivi kvetebis ganlageba xidebtan2
ganivi kveTebis ganlageba xidebTan

sruliad efeqturi dineba

xidisgavliT

sruliad gafarTovebuli dineba

SekumSva

gafarToveba

ganivi kvetebis ganlageba xidebtan3
ganivi kveTebis ganlageba xidebTan

Le

Lc

sruliad efeqturi dineba

sruliad gafarTovebuli dineba

1

4

3

2

Lc da Le SeiZleba ganvsazRvroT, rogorc savele kvleva maRali dinebis dros an SeiZleba gadaviTvaloT

ganivi kvetebis ganlageba xidebtan4

4

1

ganivi kveTebis ganlageba xidebTan

gafarToveba da SekumSva HECRAS-Siganixileba rogorc wrfivi movlena

3

2

sekumsva
Qob: xarji or datborvisseqciaSi

Q: totalurixarjiseqciaSi

nob: maningiskoeficientiWalisseqciaSi

nc: maningiskoeficientiarxisTvis

SekumSva
sekumsvis gafartovebis koeficienti

1

1

CR

ER

SekumSvis/gafarTovebis koeficienti

wesi:

ER = 2:1

CR = 1:1

le da lc s gadatvlis magalitebi
mocemulia

sruliadgafarTovebulidinebaganivikveTismaqsimalurisigane 1 = 300 futi

sruliadgafarTovebulidinebaganivikveTismaqsimalurisigane 1 = 250 futi

distancia B wertilidan C wertilamde (xidisgaxsnilinawili) = 40 futi

ipoveT: ganivikveTisrekomendirebuliadgilmdebareoba 1 da 4

Le = 2 * (300 – 40) / 2 = 260 futixididanqvedadinebisken

Lc= 1 * (250 – 40) / 2 = 105 futixididanzedadinebisken

Le da Lc – s gadaTvlis magaliTebi

es uSvebs ER=2 da CR=1

slide40

SekumSva da gafarToveba

koeficientebis magaliTebi xidebze

gafarTovebakumSva

ganivikveTi 4 (uSoresi “zd”) 0.5 0.3

ganivikveTi3 0.5 0.3

ganivikveTi2 0.5 0.3

ganivikveTi 1 (uSoresi “qd”) 0.3 0.1

Cc-sgamoyeneba 0.3 0.3 0.1

Ce-sgamoyeneba 0.5 0.5 0.3

araefeqturi dineba
araefeqturi dineba

araefeqturi dinebis parametri gamoiyeneba 2 da 3 xidis seqciebSi, vinaidan xidis Ria nawilSi SevinarCunoT aqtiuri dinebis areali im momentamde, sanam gamoTvlili wylis zedapiris simaRle ar ascdeba marjvena an marcxena araefeqturi dinebis arealis simaRles.

At XS’s 2 & 3

araefeqturi dinebis are1
araefeqturi dinebis are

daamateTsaguSagoebi, romlebicasaxavenaqtiuridinebisaresganivikveTebisseqciebSi.

(miusadageTlateraluridistanciaraTaganvsazRvroTsazRvrebixidisTvis)

SeiyvaneTsimaRlismaCveneblebi, romlebicdatborvisareebisefeqturdinebadgadayvanissaSualebasmogvcemen, rodesacwyaliascdebasazRvars

wesi:

XS-2 > gamoiyeneTsimaRle = (savalinawilisdabalihorizonti + gziszedahorizonti)/2 pirveliSefasebisTvis

davuSvaTER = 2:1 TudinebasSeuZliaTavisufladgadavidesxidze

siganerogorcwesiundaiyosufrodidi, an xidisnapralzeufroganieri.

simaRleundamivuTiToTgziszedanawili an odnavdabali

davuSvaT CR an 1:1 xidisuSualosiaxloves

araefeqturi dinebis are2
araefeqturi dinebis are
  • Tu saWiroa gansazRvreT araefeqturi dinebis are
  • xidebis monacemebis gverdidan an XS parametris gamoyenebiT (SearCieT araefeqturi dinebis are “Ineffective Flow Areas”)
xidebis monacemebi
xidebis monacemebi

vordis faili iyo SemuSavebuli raTa daxmareba gaewia xidebTan dakavSirebuli monacemebis organizaciaSi:

xidebis monacemebi1
xidebis monacemebi

vordis faili iyo SemuSavebuli raTa daxmareba gaewia xidebTan dakavSirebuli monacemebis organizaciaSi:

grafika xidebis vizualizaciis xelsewyoba
grafika xidebis vizualizaciis xelSewyoba:

gawvdomisSekumSva

gawvdomisgafarToveba

dinebis gadaadgilebis idealuri mrudi 1D modelirebisTvis

xidis damateba
SearCieT “Brdg/Culv” Rilakigeometriulimonacemebisfanjridan:xidis damateba
xidis damateba2
xidis damateba

xidebis monacemebis fanjaraSi, parametrebis meniuSi, arsebobs ramodenime sxva brZaneba iseve, rogorc gamoxazvis meniuSi

xidis damateba3
xidis damateba

opciebismeniudanSearCieT “daamateTxidi an/da wyalsadeni“Add a Bridge and/or Culvert”

xidis damateba4
SedegadgamoCndebafanjarazedadinebisda qvedadinebisganivikveTebisdamatebiTinaxazebiT:xidis damateba
xidis savali nawili gzatkecili
xidis savali nawili/gzatkecili

aRsaniSnavia, rom winaswaraagansazRvrulijebiriskoeficienti da maqsimaluriCaZirviskoeficienti:

xidis savali nawili gzatkecili1
xidis savali nawili/gzatkecili

SeiyvaneT monacemebi savaldebulo sidideebis aRsawerad. aRsaniSnavia, rom “z.d” da “q.d” gamoiyeneba mxolod kosmetikuri funqciisTvis

*Tu araa miTiTebuli WSPRO meTodi dabali dinebisTvis

xidis savali nawili gzatkecili2
xidis savali nawili/gzatkecili

gamoiyeneT “Copy Up to Down” Rilakebi, raTa ganmeorebiT SeviyvanoT saguSagos-simaRle, savali nawilis qveda horizontis monacemebi zedadinebidan qveda dinebisken, im SemTxvevaSi Tu monacemebi Sesaferisia.

xidis savali nawili gzatkecili3
xidis savali nawili/gzatkecili

mas Semdegrac, xidissavalinawilisfanjaraSiSerCeuliiyoTanxmobisRilaki “OK”, is asaxavsxidissavalnawils “qd” da “zd” X seqciaSi:

xidis savali nawili gzatkecili4
xidis savali nawili/gzatkecili

kiTxva: ragavrcobaaqvTsavalnawilebs am xidebze?

slide60

xidis savali nawili/gzatkecili

  • kiTxva: ra gavrcoba aqvT saval nawilebs am xidebze?
pirsi
pirsisdamatebaSesaZlebelia, TuavirCevTpirsisRilaksxidebismonacemebisfanjridanpirsi
pirsi1
pirsi

esgvaZlevspirsismonacemebisredaqtirebissaSualebas, da SesaZlebeliamonacemebisdamatebapirsebisTvis:

gamoiyeneT“Copy Up to Down” Rilaki, TusaWiroa

pirsi2
pirsi

pirsiSemdgomgamoisaxebagrafikuladnaxazze

xidis modelirebis midgoma
modelirebis opcia, romelic moicavs dabali dinebis da maRali dinebis modelirebas xelmisawvdomia Tu avirCevT xidis modelirebis midgomis Rilaksxidismodelirebismidgoma
xidis modelirebis midgoma1
xidismodelirebismidgoma

es gviCvenebs xidis modelirebis midgomis redaqtoris fanjaras. aRsaniSnavia parametri, romelic iTvlis dabali dinebis yvela tipis meTodiT da parametri romelic saSualebas gvaZlevs avirCioT dinebis tipi:

kiTxva: ramdenadgamarTlebuliaumaRlesienergiisgamoyeneba?

xidis modelirebis midgoma2
xidismodelirebismidgoma

SesarTaviskoeficienti

0.7 sa da 0.9 s Soris

xidis modelirebis midgoma4
xidismodelirebismidgoma

daaklikeT, raTa miiRoT sidideebis cxrili

gansxvavebuli xidis problemebi
gansxvavebulixidisproblemebi

namsxvrevebi

paralelurixidebi

xidebimosaxvevSi

magaliTebi

naleqebi
naleqebi

naleqebisSesaxeb

SeamowmeT“motivtivenaleqebi” pirsismonacemTaeditorSi

daumateTmarTkuTxamimarTuleba

namsxvrevebi
namsxvrevebi
  • pirsze
  • myari
  • motivtive
paraleluri xidebi
paraleluri xidebi
  • TuaxlosaaerTmaneTTanmodelSiSegvyavs, rogorcerTixidi an ganvixilavT, rogorc or, magramerTprfilTandakavSirebulxidad.
  • TudinebaafarToebsxidebsSorisarsebulsivrces, maSindaamateTseqciaSualedurigadasvlismodelirebisTvis.

Two bridges do not necessarily have twice the loss

xidebi da morunva
xidebi da moRunva
  • moRunva adidebs pirsis siganes da amcirebs xidis Ria nawils.
  • xidis 20 * mde gadaRunvis dros Tavs ar iCenen damatebiTi probelebi.
  • xidis kosinusis daxris kuTxeze damyarebuli proeqcirebuli sigane