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Overcoming Barriers to ICT through Accessibility. “Partners for Progress” April 18, 2013 Tennessee Association on Higher Education and Disability (TNHEAD) 2013 Spring Conference Tennessee Tech University, Cookeville, TN. Today’s speaker: . Timothy Creagan

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overcoming barriers to ict through accessibility
Overcoming Barriers to ICT through Accessibility

“Partners for Progress”

April 18, 2013

Tennessee Association on Higher Education and Disability (TNHEAD)

2013 Spring Conference

Tennessee Tech University, Cookeville, TN

today s speaker
Today’s speaker:

Timothy Creagan

Senior Accessibility Specialist

U.S. Access Board

today s topics
Today’s topics:
  • Introduction
  • Barriers
  • Background:

§508 of the Rehabilitation Act and

§255 of the Telecommunications Act

  • What about modern technology?
  • The “Refresh” of Sections 508 & 255
i introduction u s access board
I. Introduction: U.S. Access Board
  • Budget: $7.0 million (FY 2013)
  • Staff: 29
  • Executive Director’s Office
  • General Counsel’s Office
  • Office of Administrative Services
  • Technical & Information Services
access board programs
Access Board Programs
  • Guidelines and standards development
    • Architectural Barriers Act of 1968
    • Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
    • Telecommunications Act of 1996
    • Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998
  • Technical assistance and training
  • Research
  • ABA enforcement
seeing
Seeing:
  • Phones
    • Illuminated displays
    • High contrast controls
    • Large buttons
  • Computers
    • Zoom display
    • High contrast display
    • Screen reader
hearing
Hearing:
  • Phones
    • Hearing aid compatibility
    • Text capability
    • Vibrating alerts
  • Computers
    • Video captions
    • Visual alerts
holding and manipulating

=

+

Holding and manipulating:
  • Phones:
    • Large buttons
    • Lightweight
    • Speed dial
  • Computers
    • Sticky keys
    • Keyboard commands
    • Voice recognition
thinking remembering
Thinking, remembering:
  • Phones
    • Automatic redial
    • Voice activated dialing
  • Computers
    • Alternate input modes
    • Screen reader
iii background
III. Background:
  • §508 of the Rehabilitation Act and
  • §255 of the Telecommunications Act
overview
Overview
  • Telecommunications Act of 199647 U.S.C. §255
  • “Section 255”
  • Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended 29 U.S.C. § 794 (d)
  • “Section 508”
255 general requirements
§ 255 General Requirements

Manufacturers & service providers must:

  • Provide equipment that is accessible
  • Include representation from people with disabilities in the processes of Product Design, Development, and Evaluation
cell phone how accessible

On/Off button

Better!

Poor

Volume

control

Text on screen

Button

Feel

Better!

Poor

Text

Size

10-pt

Cell Phone: How Accessible ?
508 general requirements
§508 General Requirements:

Each Federal department and agency, as well as the U.S. Postal Service, when procuring, maintaining, developing or using electronic and information technology, must ensure that:

  • Federal employees with disabilities, and members of the public with disabilities seeking information or services, have access to and use of information and data that is comparable to the access and use by persons who are not individuals with disabilities, unless…

Standard:

….an “Undue Burden” would be imposed on the agency.

what technology is covered by 508
What Technology is Covered by §508?

Includes, but is not limited to…

Printers

Computers

Telecommunications

Kiosks

Software

Office Equipment

Websites

who benefits from 508
Who Benefits from § 508

1. People with disabilities who interact with federal agencies.

2. Federal employees with disabilities.

3. All people with disabilities, because accessible products for the federal market are also sold in the public marketplace.

modern technology can be used by people with disabilities
Modern Technology can be used by People with Disabilities:

iPods and Podcasting

VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) Phones

making technology accessible
Making technology accessible:
  • Captions
  • Alternative formats: text for audio, alt tags for images
  • Use of API (Application Programming Interface) to address compatibility between AT and IT software (make products interoperate)
  • “Apps” or “Applications” on Smart phones
this is happening world wide
This is happening world wide
  • Other countries are watching U.S. design
convergence of technology
Convergence of Technology
  • Web applications and web-software

installed on a pc v. on web

wiki

  • Hardware, esp. mobile devices

Cell phone /w text messaging

mobile telecommunications
Mobile Telecommunications

Texting

SMS (Short Message service)

RTT (Real time Text) –

Multi media:

video + text + audio =

multi touch and gesture interfaces
Multi-touch and gesture interfaces:

Touch interfaces on mobile devices. Touchscreens, cameras, and other movement detection systems can receive and analyze complex actions: “chorded” input

(several fingers at once)

Whole gestures: spreading two fingers apart or tilting one’s head to the side

multi touch interfaces
Multi-touch interfaces:
  • Apple iPhone
  • HP TouchSmart PC

HP TouchSmart PC

the refresh of section 508
The “Refresh” of Section 508:

The “Refresh” is an update of:

  • Section 508 standards for electronic and information technology (“E&IT”) (procured by Federal agencies)
  • Section 255 guidelines for telecommunications products
why refresh
Why Refresh?
  • Statutory requirement:
    • “The Access Board shall periodically review and, as appropriate, amend the standards to reflect technological advances or changes in electronic and information technology.” (Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act)
    • “The Board shall review and update the Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines periodically” (Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act)
  • Changes in technology
    • 12 years since the first Section 508 standards
    • 15 years since the first Telecommunications Act Accessibility Guidelines
  • Clarify ambiguities in current standards and guidelines
    • What products are covered?
    • Improve testability
ict refresh steps
ICT Refresh Steps
  • TEITAC establishment: July 2006
  • TEITAC report: April 2008
  • First ANPRM and draft text: March 2010
    • Public comments: March-June 2010
    • Review comments
  • Second ANPRM and draft text: Dec. 8, 2011
    • *Harmonization draft published*
    • Public Comments: Dec . 2011– March 2012
    • Review comments, revise text of proposed rule
final steps
Final Steps

• Develop proposed rule (NPRM):

**Text, preamble & regulatory assessment

  • Submit to OMB
  • Publish NPRM in the Federal Register
    • Public comment period – 60 days
    • Analyze comments
  • Develop final rule & regulatory assessment
  • Publish Final Rule in the Federal Register
some trends in updating the 508 standards
Some trends in updating the 508 standards:

1. Organize technical provisions by functions, rather than product types –

“two way voice communication” NOT “telephones”

2. Reference external standards –

WCAG 2.0; ANSI C63.19-2011

3. Provide technical assistance within the document.

4. Define “covered electronic content”

2011 anprm
2011 ANPRM
  • 508 Chapter 1: Application and Administration
  • 508 Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements
  • 255 Chapter 1: Application and Administration
  • 255 Chapter 2: Scoping Requirements
  • Chapter 3: Functional Performance Criteria
  • Chapter 4: Hardware
  • Chapter 5: Platforms and Applications
  • Chapter 6: Documentation and Support Services
resources
Resources

CIOC Accessibility Committee: www.CIO.gov

Best Practices subcommittee for Section 508:

http://www.cio.gov/committees.cfm/csec/3/cid/\

www.Section508.gov – FAQs, procurement

www.Access-board.gov – §508 & §255

WCAG 2.0 materials: http://www.w3.org

  • UNDERSTANDING-WCAG 2.0
  • Techniques for WCAG 2.0
contact us
Contact us:

Technical assistance:

  • Creagan@access-board.gov
  • 508@access-board.gov
  • (800) 872-2253 (voice)
  • (800) 993-2822 (TTY)

Website:

  • http://www.access-board.gov