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UWF WRITING LAB RULES OF THUMB FOR RECOGNIZING COMMA SPLICES AND RUN-ONS. From Real Good Grammar, Too by Mamie Webb Hixon. Comp I students should study only comma splices and run-ons; other students should study comma splices, run-ons, and fragments. THIS IS NOT A RUN-ON SENTENCE:.

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uwf writing lab rules of thumb for recognizing comma splices and run ons

UWF WRITING LABRULES OF THUMB FOR RECOGNIZING COMMA SPLICES AND RUN-ONS

From

Real Good Grammar, Too

by Mamie Webb Hixon

Comp I students should study only comma splices and run-ons; other students should study comma splices, run-ons, and fragments.

Created by April Turner

this is not a run on sentence
THIS IS NOT A RUN-ON SENTENCE:
  • The scandal broke after the teacher was charged with sexual harassment so the administration and the school board issued a statement to the media to dispel any rumors.
  • IT IS A COMPOUND SENTENCE IN WHICH THE COMMA IS INCORRECTLY OMITTED BEFORE THE COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONSO.
this is a run on sentence
THIS IS A RUN-ON SENTENCE:
  • _______________ _________________

(sentence) (sentence)

  • Two sentences (independent clauses) which are not separated by any punctuation.
  • I have always admired Wonder Woman for a long time she was my hero.
this is not a comma splice
THIS IS NOT A COMMA SPLICE:
  • No one voted in the election, so the White House was empty for four years.
  • THE COMMA PRECEDING THE COORDINATING CONJUNCTION IS CORRECT.
this is a comma splice
THIS IS A COMMA SPLICE:
  • _______________ , _________________

(sentence) (sentence)

  • Two sentences (independent clauses) separated only by a comma.
  • I never enjoyed reading comic books when I was a child, fantasy novels were always my favorite.
how to correct run ons and comma splices
HOW TO CORRECT RUN-ONS AND COMMA SPLICES:
  • Use a semicolon or period to separate the two independent clauses/sentences.
  • I have always admired Wonder Woman; for a long time she was my hero.
  • I never enjoyed reading comic books when I was a child; fantasy novels were always my favorite.
this is not a fragment
THIS IS NOT A FRAGMENT:
  • It is obsolete.
  • THIS GROUP OF WORDS HAS A SUBJECT, A VERB, AND A COMPLETED THOUGHT.
a fragment does not express a complete thought
A FRAGMENT DOES NOT EXPRESS A COMPLETE THOUGHT:
  • B.B. King and Morgan Freeman know a lot about cotton fields. Both having grown up in the Mississippi Delta region. B.B. King from Indianola, Mississippi, and Morgan Freeman from Clarksdale, Mississippi.
  • The underlined portions are fragments.
a fragment may contain a subject and a verb but is not an independent thought
A FRAGMENT MAY CONTAIN A SUBJECT AND A VERB BUT IS NOT AN INDEPENDENT THOUGHT:
  • I noticed several students leaving the dormitory. As I walked across the street past the trolley.
how to correct fragments
HOW TO CORRECT FRAGMENTS:
  • Add words or connect the fragment to the sentence from which it is disconnected.
  • B.B. King and Morgan Freeman know a lot about cotton fields, both having grown up in the Mississippi Delta region. B.B. King is from Indianola, Mississippi, and Morgan Freeman is from Clarksdale, Mississippi.
  • I noticed several students leaving the dormitory as I walked across the street past the trolley.
let s practice
Let’s Practice!!!
  • The rate of inflation is related to the rate of unemployment, it is impossible to influence one without influencing the other.
  • …unemployment; it is impossible…
  • The ability to write complete sentences comes with practice writing run-on sentences seems to occur naturally.
  • …with practice; writing run-on sentences…
more practice
More Practice!!!
  • We were surprised to come home and find that the house had been burglarized. Even our toothpicks missing.
  • ….had been burglarized, even our toothpicks missing.
  • Erring is human, and forgiving is divine. Although John’s errors were plentiful, since he wasn’t close to approaching divinity.
  • ...errors were plentiful, he wasn’t close…