Thursday september 27 2007 grantmakers for children youth and families annual conference atlanta ga
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Thursday, September 27, 2007 Grantmakers for Children, Youth, and Families Annual Conference (Atlanta, GA) The Intersection of Child Welfare and Immigrants: Promising Partnerships Presenters: Conception Cuevas, alumna of foster care/Youth Team Advisor, California CASA

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Thursday, September 27, 2007Grantmakers for Children, Youth, and Families Annual Conference(Atlanta, GA)

The Intersection of Child Welfare and Immigrants: Promising Partnerships


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Presenters:Conception Cuevas,alumna of foster care/Youth Team Advisor, California CASA

Jorge Cabera,San Diego Field Office Director, Casey Family Programs

Yali Lincroft,Consultant/Pacific Region Family to Family, Annie E. Casey Foundation

Small Group Facilitators:

Sonia Velazquez,Vice President/Children’s Services Division, American Humane Association

Lyn Morland,Senior Program Officer, Bridging Refugee Youth and Children’s Services, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops/Migration and Refugee Services


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Workshop Objectives

  • To increase understanding on issues affecting immigrant children at risk or in the child welfare system.

  • To learn how foundations are partnering to promote strategic policy, practice and research.

  • To explore strategies to advance culturally appropriate responses to the challenges posed by increased migration.


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GYCF Mission Statement:

  • To strengthen the knowledge, skills, and reflective practice of members to make the best use of all resources.

  • To help grantmakers explore new areas together; share experiences and perspectives; launch collaborative and cooperative action; and learn about each other's programs, initiatives, innovations, and strategies.

  • To promote awareness, understanding, and engagement around children, youth and family issues within philanthropy.


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About the Migration and Child Welfare National Network (MCWNN)

MCWNN Leading Members:

American Bar Association Center on Children and the LawAmerican Humane AssociationAnnie E. Casey FoundationBRYCS/US Conference of Catholic BishopsCasey Family ProgramsChild Welfare League of America DC Family and Children’s ServicesFamily Violence Prevention FundImmigrant Legal Resource Center Loyola University of Chicago Hunter CollegeUniversity of Illinois at Chicago/Jane Addams School of Social WorkUniversity of Texas


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Statement Adopted by the Migration and Child Welfare National Network (MCWNN)

“Child welfare services should be available to all children regardless of immigration status”“Federal, state, and local policies should encourage full integration of immigrant families into US society through an expanded delivery of child welfare services”


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MCWNN Committees and Activities National Network (MCWNN)

  • Policy

    • Funding issues

    • State innovations

    • Action alerts

  • Research

    • Current state of practice

    • Best practice guidelines

    • Demonstration projects

  • National Advocacy

    • Publications

    • Conferences

    • Presentations

    • Resource sharing

  • Best Practice

    • Indicators of good practice

    • Training materials and resources

    • Positive examples of collaboration

    • Values that drive practice

  • Transnational

    • Consular relations

    • Home studies overseas

    • Reunification

    • Public awareness of transnational scope


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Migration and Child Welfare National Network Activities National Network (MCWNN)

  • Publications (American Humane Association Journal, CWLA article, 2007 roundtable report, upcoming 2008 conference report)

  • March 2008 Joint Conference in Chicago with MCWN, Immigrant Children’s Lawyers Network (ICLN) and National Immigrant Justice Center (NIJC)

  • Presentations at conferences for Child Welfare League of America, Admin for Children and Families (ACF/DHH), Natl Conf State Legislators, Beyond the Bench Court and Dependency Attorneys (Judicial Council), Prevent Child Abuse America, and others.


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The Experience of a Former Immigrant Foster Youth National Network (MCWNN)

  • Language

  • Culturally Relevant Services

  • Case Complexity

  • Worker Bias

  • Working across Borders

  • Immigration relief options


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Casey Family Programs’ mission is to provide and improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

About Casey Family Programs


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  • Direct Practice improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

  • Systems Change Efforts

  • Role of CFP in Migration Issues

  • Reducing Disproportionality and Disparity

  • 20/20 Strategy


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2020 GOALS improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care. 2020 Strategy

Reduce and Reinvest

Safely reduce the U.S. foster care population by 50% and reinvest the savings to strengthen child welfare

Improve Self-Sufficiency

Improve the path to self-sufficiency for children who enter the foster care system

Prevention of Placement

Reduce the population in foster care by preventing abuse and neglect, strengthening families and community supports, and providing quality after-care services

Education

Increase high school and college graduation rates for youth in foster care to equal the general population

Employment

Increase employment rates for youth from foster care to equal the general population

Permanency

Quickly and safely reach permanency for children who are placed in foster care

Mental Health

Improve mental health services to ensure youth in foster care can function as productive adults without being impeded by mental illnesses

Build Collective Will for Change

Increase local and national political and public will to support vulnerable children and families and child welfare

Lead federal and state policy strategy to allow forgreater child welfare funding flexibility


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About Annie E Casey Foundation’s improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

Family to Family Initiative

  • Family to Family is committed to redesigning and reconstructing foster care systems across the country so that more children can remain safely with their own families or in a family-like setting located in their own community. 


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  • F2F began in 1992/currently in 17 states improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

  • Published report, “Undercounted, Underserved” on needs of immigrant families

  • Provide Technical Assistance and Training to child welfare staff and partners

  • Integration of needs of immigrant families in overall child welfare reform efforts

  • Partner with Casey Family Programs


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Understanding Immigration in the Child Welfare Context improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.


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Growth in Foreign-Born Population improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

  • Immigrants are:

  • 1 in 9 US residents;

  • 1 in 7 US workers;

  • 1 in 5 low wage workers;

  • 1 in 2 new workers.

Source: “A Quick Look at US Immigrants: Demographics, Workforce and Asset Building” by the National Conference of State Legislators (June 2004)

http://www.ncsl.org/programs/immig/immigstatistics0605.htm


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Growth in Foreign-Born Population improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

  • 21% of children in the US is an immigrant or has an immigrant parent.

  • 80% of the children in immigrant families are US citizen.

  • 30% of US children without health insurance is in an immigrant family.

  • The proportion of students in US schools who are children of immigrants more than tripled from 1970-2000, from 6 to 20% (will be 30% by 2015).

Source:

“Kids Count Data Snapshot” by The Annie E. Casey Foundation (No. 4, March 2007)

http://www.kidscount.org/sld/snapshot_immigrant.pdf


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Dispersal to New Receiving Communities improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

  • More than 2/3 of all foreign-born reside in 6 states (CA, NY, Florida, Texas, NJ, Ill)

  • Increasing numbers of settling in nontraditional urban and rural receiving communities, particularly in the southern and midwestern states. During the 1990s, the Hispanic population more than doubled in Arkansas, Georgia, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, and Tennessee.

Source: “A Quick Look at US Immigrants: Demographics, Workforce and Asset Building” by the National Conference of State Legislators

http://www.ncsl.org/programs/immig/immigstatistics0605.htm


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Why Immigrant Children Enter Child Welfare improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

  • Poverty is one of the most important predictors of negative child outcomes. Poverty rates are generally higher among children of immigrants than among children of natives.

  • Young children of immigrants are less likely to receive public benefits.

  • Children in immigrant families are considerably more likely to be uninsured, to be reported in fair or poor health, and to lack a usual place where they can get preventive health care.

  • Immigrant families enter and stay in child welfare for same reasons as natives - domestic violence, substance abuse, health, and mental health – however access to services is limited in most regions of the country.

Source: “Undercounted, Underserved: Immigrants and Refugee Families in the Child Welfare System” Annie E Casey Foundation (2006)

http://www.aecf.org/upload/pdffiles/familytofamily/immigration.pdf


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Result Research by Urban Institute on improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.Immigrants in TX Child Welfare System

  • Underrepresentation of Immig in Child Welfare: Latin American immig children represent less than 1% of all children in care but make up 7% of all children in Texas in 2005.

  • Placement type: only 8% Latin American immigrant children in out-of-home care are living with relatives compared with 20-28% U.S.-born children.

  • Removal reason: Latin American immigrants are 3x more likely to be removed because of sexual abuse than children of U.S.-born parents.

  • Federal Funding: Only 5% Latin American immigrants in out-of-home care are eligible for reimbursement compared with over half of U.S.-born children.

  • Source: “Foster Care Placement Settings and Permanency Planning” by the Urban Institute (2007)

  • http://www.urban.org/publications/311459.html


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2007 Legislation Related to Immigration improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

  • In the absence of a comprehensive federal immigration reform in the US, states have displayed an unprecedented level of activity.

  • As of July 2, 2007, no fewer than 1404 pieces of legislation related to immigrants and immigration had been introduced.

  • State legislators have introduced roughly two and a half times more bills in 2007, than in 2006.

Source: Dirk Hegen, Immigrant Policy Project, National Conference of State Legislatures (Aug 2007)

http://www.ncsl.org/programs/immig/2007ImmigrationUpdate.htm


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Immigration Myth and Reality improve—and ultimately to prevent the need for—foster care.

  • MYTH: Undocumented Immigrants come to the United States to get welfare. Over 90% undocumented men work Undocumented immigrants are ineligible for public benefits.

  • MYTH: Undocumented immigrants all crossed the Mexican border. Between 60-70% enter illegally across the border, mostly Mexico. The other 25-40% overstayed their visas or.

  • MYTH: Most children of the undocumented are unauthorized. Two-third of children with undocumented parents are US-born citizens.

  • MYTH: Undocumented immigrants are all single men. Over 40% of the undocumented are women and the majority (54%) of undocumented men live in married couples or other families.

  • MYTH: Undocumented immigrants do not pay taxes. Undocumented immigrants pay real estate taxes and sales taxes. Many pay payroll taxes for benefits they are unable to claim.

Source: “Undocumented Immigrants: Myths and Reality” by the Urban Institute (2005)

http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=900898


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Over Arching Issues of the Intersection between Migration and Child Welfare

  • Lack of sufficient research / shared knowledge / guiding principles

  • Often small number of cases

  • Complexity of cases

  • Unprepared professionals

  • Families caught between systems

  • Questions of professionals unanswered

  • No funding sources


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Priority Needs and Child Welfare

  • The need for an integration of services to immigrant families into the overall child welfare service delivery system

  • The lack of reliable data on immigrant children and their families in the child welfare system, and how this gap is preventing policies and practice changes in child welfare.

  • The lack of culturally relevant services and inadequate responses to the differing cultural norms of child rearing practices and the over representation of children of color in care.


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Collaboration with Ethnic Community-Based Organizations and Child Welfare

Interpretation

  • Ethnic Community- Based Organization

Cultural Consultations

Translation

Cross-Training

Foster Families

Indigenous problem-solving strategies

Reunification Plan Support

Alternative / Family Preservation Services

Morland/BRYCS (2006)


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Immigrants Children are the and Child WelfareNew Americans

  • “Immigrant children are the new Americans and it is in everyone’s best interest that this vulnerable, but rapidly growing population of children receives the services needed to thrive. Most children of immigrants under 6 are citizens … Improving child welfare services to immigrant families must not be viewed as a ‘boutique’ issue. It must be part of the current, larger conversation regarding improving the overall child welfare system.”

Source: “Undercounted, Underserved: Immigrants and Refugee Families in the Child Welfare System” Annie E Casey Foundation (2006)

http://www.aecf.org/upload/pdffiles/familytofamily/immigration.pdf


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Small Group Discussion and Child Welfare

What are ways philanthropy can increase their understanding of this issue?What are ways philanthropy can partner in this work (i.e. local/national/international, public/private, research/practice)?What are strategies philanthropy can adopt to advocate for the needs of this population?


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For More Information: and Child Welfare


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