Segmentation and differentiation
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Segmentation and Differentiation. Chapter 9. Segmentation. Target marketing requires: Identify and profile distinct groups of buyers who might require separate marketing mixes Select one or more segments to enter Establish and communicate the product’s key benefits to the market.

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  • Target marketing requires:

    • Identify and profile distinct groups of buyers who might require separate marketing mixes

    • Select one or more segments to enter

    • Establish and communicate the product’s key benefits to the market

What is a target market
What is a Target Market?

  • Group of people which a firm designs, implements and maintains a marketing mix intended to meet the needs of the group.

  • Options include:

    • Undifferentiated strategy

    • Concentrated strategy

    • Multisegment strategy

Market segments
Market Segments

  • Segments v. sectors

  • Segment: subgroup of people sharing 1+ characteristics that cause them to have similar product needs

  • Market segmentation: process of dividing a market into a meaningful relatively similar groups.

Criteria for segmentation
Criteria for segmentation

  • Measurable

  • Substantial

  • Accessible

  • Responsiveness/Actionable

  • Differentiable

Bases for segmentation
Bases for Segmentation

  • Geography: region, market size, climate etc.

  • Demographics: age, gender, income, ethnic background, family life cycle

  • Psychographic: personality, motives, lifestyles, values

  • Benefit: what consumers get out of it; occasions, benefits, user status, usage rate, loyalty

  • Usage rate: 80/20 rule, new users, medium users etc.

Group activity
Group activity

  • Candy segmentation exercise

Making your product stand out positioning and the art of differentiation

Making your Product Stand Out: Positioning and the Art of Differentiation

Based in part on

Differentiate or Die:

Survival in Our Era of Killer Competition

Jack Trout

It s all in your head
It’s all in your head… Differentiation

  • Differentiation takes place in the mind.

  • Minds are limited and can’t cope with a lot of information

  • Minds hate confusion and love simplicity

  • Minds are insecure and buy what others buy

  • Minds can lose focus

  • MINDS DON’T CHANGE?? Do they???

Ad for
Ad for? Differentiation

Ad for marlboro
Ad for Marlboro Differentiation

Cover of what catalog
Cover of what catalog? Differentiation

More help
More help? Differentiation

Usp unique selling proposition
USP DifferentiationUnique Selling Proposition

  • Each ad must make a proposition to the consumer. Not just words, not just product puffery, not just show window advertising. “Buy this product and you will get this specific benefit”

  • The proposition must be one that the competition cannot copy

  • The proposition must be so strong that it can move millions

The art of positioning
The Art of Positioning Differentiation

  • Process that influences potential customers’ overall perception of a brand, product line or organization in general; the place in the mind relative to the competition

  • Perceptual map – means of displaying or graphing, in two or more dimensions, the location of products, brands or groups of products in consumers’ minds.

How to do it
How to Do it… Differentiation

  • Make Sense in the Context

  • Find the Differentiating Idea

  • Have the Credentials

  • Communicate your Difference

  • It helps to be RICH!!

  • Potential Errors:

    • Underpositioning-Crystal Pepsi

    • Overpositioning- Tiffany’s

    • Confused Positioning – NeXT computer

    • Doubtful Positioning- Cadillac Cimarron

What are the possibilities
What are the Possibilities? Differentiation


  • Attribute

  • Benefit

  • Use or Application

  • User

  • Competitor

  • Product Category

  • Quality or price

  • Repositioning

Positioning examples
Positioning examples Differentiation

Perceptual map
Perceptual Map Differentiation

Bad differentiators
Bad Differentiators… Differentiation

  • Quality and Customer Orientation

    • It is a GIVEN!

    • 1983 – American Airlines launched a Aadvantage program

  • Price

    • How low can you go?

    • Exceptions: Wal Mart, Dell – based on something else after price

    • Competitors can get around it

    • Unless it is high price (Rolex)

  • Creativity

    • The A.E.s v. the Creatives

    • Coca Cola and Mean Joe Green; Polar bears

  • Breadth of Line

    • Category killers can get too big

Good differentiators
Good Differentiators… Differentiation

  • Being First

    • Most firsts stay first (Coke, Xerox, Advil

    • Becomes the “generic advantage”

    • Not a guarantee of success & can be bad idea (smokeless cigarettes)

  • Attribute ownership

    • Own what is most important to customer (Crest)

  • Leadership

    • Let everyone know it

  • Heritage

    • Based on time, location, family, character

Good differentiators1
Good Differentiators… Differentiation

  • Market specialty

    • Be the expert!

  • Preference

    • Can be legitimate, ethical, emulation (fit)

  • How the product is made

    • Technology, special ingredient (DiGiorno Pizza, Papa John’s), handcrafted, packaging

  • Being the latest

    • Intel (makes itself obsolete); ulcer meds; technology

    • Don’t solve a nonexistent problem; must be better; don’t mess with tradition

  • Hotness

    • Tastes, trends, PR

Repositioning Differentiation

  • Changing customers’ perception of a brand in relation to competing brands.

  • Why do it?

    • Changing demographics

    • Declining sales

    • Changes in social environment

SUVs Differentiation

What are the

Differentiators in this


Dodge durango
Dodge Durango Differentiation

Chevy trailblazer
Chevy Trailblazer Differentiation

Chevy trailblazer again
Chevy Trailblazer Differentiation(again)

Gmc envoy
GMC Envoy Differentiation

Subaru outback
Subaru Outback Differentiation

Lincoln navigator
Lincoln Navigator Differentiation

Lincoln navigator again
Lincoln Navigator Differentiation(again)

Buick rendezvous
Buick Rendezvous Differentiation

Buick rendezvous1
Buick Rendezvous Differentiation

Toyota sequoia
Toyota Sequoia Differentiation

Toyota highlander
Toyota Highlander Differentiation

Ford escape
Ford Escape Differentiation